Plagiarism and managing references

In all aspects of academic study and research, thoughts and ideas inevitably build on those of other writers or researchers - this is a legitimate and indeed essential part of the academic process.

What is plagiarism?

"The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary defines plagiarism as the taking and using as one's own ... the thoughts, writings, or inventions of another. In an academic context, plagiarism implies a deliberate act on the part of the writer or researcher to use the work, ideas or expressions of others as if they were his or her own.

Deliberate plagiarism, therefore, is academic cheating, and the university has a very firm view on this: anyone found to have deliberately copied or plagiarised the work of others is severely penalised. The University regulation concerning academic dishonesty is included in the Undergraduate (pp.14-15) and Postgraduate (section B:16) Regulations; most departmental handbooks also include a statement of the University's policy in respect of academic dishonesty."
Careers Service 'Avoiding Plagiarism Study Guide'

Graduate School 'Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism'


The University Library provide detailed information regarding citing references, bibliographic software and departmental and subject guidelines.

The most commonly used systems for accurate referencing are:

  • Harvard (author/date)
    In the Harvard (Author/Date) system quotations and references in the text are indicated by placing the author's name and the date of publication in brackets at the appropriate point. See detailed web guidance from the University library
  • Vancouver (numbered)
    In the Vancouver Style, a number is assigned to each reference as it is used. See detailed web guidance from the University library, a printed guide is also available.pdf
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