Resources by age group

All microbiology and genetics resources for schools and colleges.

The resources below are organised by age group and topic. All resources from the microbial sciences site are listed in order at the end of this page.

By age group

All resources

The resources found on this page have been developed to help teach aspects of microbial genetics relevant to the GCSE and A-Level syllabus's.

Where possible, relevant parts of the syllabus for each resource as well as the age group have been referenced.

As many of the resources below are links to external pages, we suggest you open them in a new tab so as to not lose your place.

Microbial Genomics

 

Comparative Genomics: Prokaryotes Vs Eukaryotes

This site contains a video lesson explaining the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms with a particular focus on genetics. The site also have a quiz tab that helps students to reflect on the topics covered.

Resource: Comparative genomics

Age range: 16-18

Approach: interactive video lesson

Note: this site requires you to make an account to view content on a permanent basis.

 

OCR Biology- sequencing a genome

This resource is a link to the OCR biology YouTube channel. The first video outlines the basics of mapping a genome, but on this channel you can find a variety of videos describing sequencing technologies.

Resource: Sequencing a genome

Age range: 16-18

Approach: Video

  

DNA subway

DNA subway highlights the end goal of many sequencing and DNA analysis technologies whilst allowing students to directly engage with bioinformatics techniques.

Resource: DNA subway

Age range: 16-18

Approach: interactive tutorial

 

Horizontal DNA transfer

 

Conjugation animation

This is an on-the-rails animation demonstrating horizontal gene transfer by conjugation in bacteria.

Resource: Horizontal gene transfer

Age range: 16-18

Approach: Animation

 

Transduction video lesson

This site contains a video lesson explaining the mechanisms of gene transfer by transduction, key definitions and the advantages of this process. The site also have a quiz tab that helps students to reflect on the topics covered.

Resource: Transduction

Age range: 16-18

Approach: Online lesson

 

 Transducing phage animation

This animation describes in detail the method by which phage horizontally transfer DNA.

Resource: transducing phage

Age range: 16 - 18

Approach: animation

 

DNA transformation

This is a download link to an 'on the rails' walkthrough of the process of DNA transformation in E. coli. The animation also covers recombinant DNA technology relevant to the topics covered on the 'Recombinant DNA and genetic techniques' page. This resource is taken from a pool of resources on the Cold Spring Harbour website.

Resource: Download for PC / Download for Mac

 

Antibiotic resistance

 

Antibiotic misuse and resistance

A classroom activity highlighting the importance of proper antibiotic use, and how improper use can lead to the propagation of antibiotic resistant mutants

Antibiotic misuseDownload 1Download 2
Teacher notes and activity

Word

pdf
Student work sheet Word

pdf

Age range: 11- 14

Approach: Classroom activity

 

What causes antibiotic resistance?

A short film that highlights the mechanisms of action of antibiotics and the risk factors associated with antibiotic resistance. This is a simplified story and would be suited to supplement further learning.

Resource: What causes antibiotic resistance?

Age range:  11-14

Approach: Video clip

 

E-Bug: antibiotic resistance

A document comprising lesson plans, activities and animations covering antibiotic resistance for use with 15-18 year olds.

Resource: E-bug

 

The small world initiative

This hands on activity started by Yale university and supported by the microbiology society gets pupils to search for their own new antibiotics whilst also educating about the problems of antibiotic resistance.

Resource: small world initiative

Approach: hands on practical activity

Age range: 11-14 14-16 16-18

 

How do antibiotics work?

The first two pages of this site describe in detail the basics of antibiotic action, and then goes into detail on the action of specific drugs and the mechanisms of resistance to these drugs.

Resource: How do antibiotics work?

Approach: Content material

Age range: 16-18

 

Vaccination

 

BBC Bite Size- Vaccination

This page gives a comprehensive overview of the biology behind vaccination suitable for the GCSE syllabus. The page also includes an animation depicting how memory immunity is acquired.

Resource: Vaccination

Age range:15-16, 17-18

 

E-Bug- Vaccination

A 32 page booklet for teachers, giving a variety of classroom activities and pupil work sheets for teaching immunisation to key stages 4 and 5.

Resource: E-bug

Age range: 15-16, 17-18

 

Types of vaccine

This interactive animation shows the differences and design processes behind: live attenuated vaccines, inactivated vaccines and conjugate vaccines

Resource: Types of vaccine

Age range: 17-18

Approach: interactive animation

  

The work of Edward Jenner

This site highlights the work of Edward Jenner in developing the smallpox vaccine. There are several quizzes, and animations aimed at KS3, 4 and 5.

Resource: Dr Jenner's House

Age Range: 14-16, 16-18

 

Debating vaccination

This pack developed by the Wellcome trust allow teachers to engage students with debate about the need for seasonal and pandemic flu vaccines.

Resource: Debating vaccination

Age Range: 16-18

 

Infection

 

Infectious diseases

ABPI resources for school. This site defines key terms and outlines some of the key pathogens involved in causing infectious diseases. Within the site is a section explaining how pathogens cause disease.

Resource: ABPI

Age range: 14-16 16-18

Approach: content material

 

Contamination detectives

This is a classroom activity that demonstrates how easily microbes spread, and can even be adapted to teach aspects of infectious disease. You will need UV visible powder and a UV torch.

Resource: Contamination detectives

Age range: 11-14 / 14-16 / 16-18

Approach: hands on classroom activity

 

Simulating phase variation in the bacteria that cause meningitis (Neisseria)

An online tutorial that simulates phase variation in the bacteria that cause meningitis. This resource is also a good way to explore the nature of mutation as well as some extracurricular material. Below are download links for use of this tutorial in the classroom including: an introduction to phase variation PowerPoint, student work sheet, information sheets and teacher answers.

Simulating phase variationDownload 1Download 2
Introduction to phase variation

PowerPoint

The simulator

Java applet

Introduction sheet

Word

pdf

Question sheet

Word

pdf

Answer sheet

Word

pdf

Teacher notes Word pdf
All Zip file

Resource: Take the tutorial online.

Age range: 16-18

Approach: Interactive tutorial

 

Simulating phase variation in the bacteria that cause food poisoning (Campylobacter)

An online tutorial that simulates phase variation in the bacteria that cause food poisoning. This resource is also a good way to explore the nature of mutation as well as some extracurricular material. Below are download links for use of this tutorial in the classroom including: an introduction to phase variation PowerPoint, student work sheet, information sheets and teacher answers.

Simulating phase variationDownload 1Download 2
Introduction to phase variation

PowerPoint

The simulator

Java applet

Introduction sheet

Word

pdf

Question sheet

Word

pdf

Answer sheet

Word

pdf 

Teacher notes Word pdf

All

Zip file

Resource: take the tutorial online

Age range: 16-18

Approach: Interactive tutorial

 

Microbiome simulator

This resource developed by the University of Utah allows students to visualise the behaviours of bacteria in response to changing parameters. Note: this resource requires you to install Unity Web Player.

Resource: Microbiome

Age range: 11-14, 15-16, 17-18

 

Drama with microbes

In this activity, students use drama to model science ideas about immune response to pathogenic microorganisms.

Resource: sciencelearn

Age range: 15-16

 

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