Saeid Hmmed

Department of Geography
University of Leicester
University Road
Leicester LE1 7RH


BSc in Environmental Geography 
MSc in Environmental Decision Making

Ph.D. Title
Mobilities and Immobilities: Identities and wellbeing amongst Beni-Amer nomadic pastoralist communities and Diasporas

Preliminary brief
Pastoralist communities in Eritrea such as the Beni-Amer depend upon livestock in multiple ways. Livestock are the basis of food provision, transport and are also integral to ceremonial activities. The wellbeing of nomadic pastoralists thus intimately connected to livestock and social capital. Nomadic pastoralists worldwide predominantly depend on livestock mobility across the rangeland to exploit patchy available pasture and water across time and space. Nomadic pastoral systems are effective livelihood strategies which make more from less by exploits of ephemeral concentration of resources. However, nomadic pastoralists are facing a number of threats, and many pastoralists are leaving pastoralism permanently. Pastoral mobility is globally declining due to a range of reasons including; climate change, socio-political and economic pressures. As a Consequent traditional pastoral mobility is giving way to diverse mobilities beyond pastoralism. Ex-Pastoralists (those, whom drop-out of pastoralism,) adopt new livelihood strategies in new places and often as part of diasporaic and/or displaced communities. Research on pastoral identities and mobility is not a recent phenomenon, yet research still is needed to address gaps on ex-pastoralists' mobilities and shifting identities. Pastoralists after they leave livestock based livelihoods experience multiple mobilities and immobilities and, shifts to identities. To date, geographers have yet to engage in detail with the complex geographies of pastoral mobilities and especially the intra and international ex-pastoralist mobilities. Ex-pastoralists for many years lived in a new destination, and many became citizens of a third country exposed to new livelihood strategies and many cultural identities. The aim of this research is to investigate how the above-mentioned changes influence the Beni-Amer to negotiate and reconstruct identities and conceptualise wellbeing.


Dr Caroline Upton and Dr Jen Dickinson

Hmmed. S. (2013) Ethics and meat eating: Environmental impact of meat eating the Open University
Hmmed. S. (2012) Gash River flooding and its impact on pastoral communities livelihood strategies. The Open University

Conference papers and presentations
Educational success and challenges amongst Eritrean diaspora communities (2012) at Birmingham Eritrea future professionals.

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