Researchers reveal remarkable fossil

Posted by pt91 at Mar 24, 2011 05:05 PM |
525-million-year-old discovery of ‘feathered helmet from beyond the clouds’
Researchers reveal remarkable fossil

Detail of the 525 million year old hemichordate fossil. Credit: Professor Derek Siveter, Oxford University

Issued by University of Leicester Press Office on 24 March 2011

Jpeg images available from

Researchers from China, Leicester and Oxford have discovered a remarkable fossil which sheds new light on an important group of primitive sea creatures.

The 525-million-year-old fossil belongs to a group of tentacle-bearing creatures which lived inside hard tubes. Previously only the tubes have been seen in detail but this new specimen clearly shows the soft parts of the body including tentacles for feeding.

Details of the discovery have been announced today in the journal Current Biology. The study was funded by the Royal Society and the National Natural Foundation of China.

The creature belongs to a group called pterobranch hemichordates which are related to starfish and sea urchins but also show some characteristics that offer clues to the evolution of the earliest vertebrates. About 30 species of pterobranch are known to exist today although 380-490 million years ago a group of these animals called graptolites were common across the prehistoric oceans.

Pterobranches are creatures which secrete a substance that builds up into a hard tube around their soft body.  Tentacles extend from the top of the tube to catch plankton. Although less than 4cm in length, the new fossil is beautifully preserved and minute details can be seen including 36 tiny tentacles along one feathery arm.

Professor David Siveter from the University of Leicester’s Department of Geology commented, “Amazingly, it has exceptionally preserved soft tissues - including arms and tentacles used for feeding - giving unrivalled insight into the ancient biology of the group.”

Colleagues from Yunnan University and the Universities of Leicester and Oxford collaborated in identifying and describing the remarkable find which was discovered in Yunnan Province, China. It has been named Galeaplumosus abilus which means ‘feathered helmet from beyond the clouds’, referring to both the creature’s shape and its location – ‘Yunnan’ literally translates as ‘south of the clouds’.

The team from Yunnan (Professor Hou and Dr Ma), Leicester (Professors David Siveter and Richard Aldridge; Drs Mark Williams and Jan Zalasiewicz) and Oxford (Professor Derek Siveter) are engaged in long term study of these important fossils.


For more information, please contact:

Dr Mark Williams, University of Leicester Department of Geology

Tel.: 0116-2523642 (Office).


Hou, Xian-guang, Aldridge, R.J., Siveter, David J., Siveter, Derek J.,Williams, M., Zalasiewicz, J.A. & Ma Xiao-ya.  2011. A pterobranch hemichordate zooid from the lower Cambrian.  Current Biology. 

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