Study of Natural Disasters offers insights to save lives

Posted by ew205 at Nov 10, 2017 10:15 AM |
Book ‘Avoidable Deaths’ deals with one of the fundamental questions of the 21st Century

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Research into saving lives during times of natural disasters has been published by a University of Leicester academic.

Dr Nibedita Ray-Bennett, from the Civil Safety and Security Unit in the School of Business, has examined why deaths continue to occur in natural disasters - despite tremendous advancement in disaster management science and weather forecasting systems, increased sophistication in human-built environments and ongoing economic and policy development worldwide. Her book, of the University’s School of Business, has examined why deaths continue to occur in natural disasters - despite tremendous advancement in disaster management science and weather forecasting systems, increased sophistication in human-built environments and ongoing economic and policy development worldwide.

Her book, Avoidable Deaths, deals with one of the fundamental questions of the 21st Century.

Dr Ray-Bennett said: “In order to address the central question of this book, this highly inter-disciplinary research presents ‘systems failure’ as an analytical tool to explain why deaths occur in disasters and how they may be reduced.

“The advantage of this analytical tool is assessed in the context of two disasters: the Super-Cyclone of 1999 and Cyclone Phailin of 2013 in Odisha/India. The systems failure approach demonstrates that deaths in disasters are socio-technical failures, and that it is by rectifying systems failures and promoting systems alignment that deaths can be prevented.”

Dr Ray-Bennett said the book is timely because it informs directly the Global Target One of the UN’s ‘Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction’, which has urged 185 UN Member States to reduce disaster mortality by 2030.

She added: “This book provides several new vignettes for disaster risk management including ‘disaster climate’, ‘indicators’ for avoidable and unavoidable deaths, developing ‘goals’ and targets and how to align disater management system through effective coordination and communication of the early waning information and alerts. The book also brings gender disagregated death data from Odisha and also provides an update on the disater risk management system of India and Odisha from 1999 to date.”

Avoidable Deaths: A Soft Systems Approach in Disaster Risk Management http://www.springer.com/gb/book/9783319669502

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