Flipped classroom

Flipped classroomWhat is the flipped classroom?

The flipped classroom is a pedagogical model where:

  • lecture and homework elements of a module are reversed
  • video lectures are viewed by students at home before coming to the lecture
  • lecture is devoted to discussion and activities

The video lecture is seen as the key ingredient in the flipped approach. The video lectures are developed by the university teacher or an open education resource.

The lecture time is repurposed where students can inquire about lecture content, test their skills in applying knowledge, and interact with one another in hands-on activities.

Three points to consider regarding the flipped classroom


Using the flipped classroom model students are required to do homework prior to the session. Not all students will do this. How will you deal with those who don’t do the homework? What will be your strategy to get them up to speed when they come to the session unprepared?

Homework quality

No student will accept a very long and detailed video to watch online. How deep do you go with the material? How much to you ask student to watch? Is the purpose of the video, for example, to provide a scaffold for higher order thinking skills in your lecture after the students have viewed the video at home?

Production quality

Do you need to get too concerned about the production quality of your videos? There are a number of opinions on this point and it all comes down to the topic area being covered and how you are using the videos in your module. You would like to produce interesting and engaging videos that will hold your students’ attention.

Remember: Not all students will find this approach engaging. Not all students will see this single strategy as meeting their learning needs. How will you engage your students that struggle with the flipped classroom approach? How will you meaningfully meet these students’ needs?

Useful resources

To find out more on this topic you will find the following resources useful.

7 Things you need to know about Flipped Classrooms EDUCAUSE

Jackie Gerstein’s video: An Illustration of Flipped Classroom: The Full Picture

University of Bath's Flipping Project

Royal Society of Chemistry: Flipping lectures and inverting classrooms article

Carl Gombrich’s blog post: Flipping lectures – reflections on a term of learning

Faculty Focus: Expanding the definition of a Flipped Learning Environment

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