'A New Perspective on Disaster Education: From Education to Co-Learning'

'A New Perspective on Disaster Education: From Education to Co-Learning'

Series Name Civil Safety and Security Unit/LILL
Speaker Dr Hideyuki Shiroshita
Type Lectures & Talks
When 23 Sep 2013, 06:00PM - 06:30PM
Venue Garendon Hall, 4th Floor, Charles Wilson Building, University of Leicester (5.00 pm - 6.40 pm)
Open To University staff and students
Ticket Price Free
For Bookings Contact Miles Lane (mtl6@le.ac.uk) Dr Nibedita Ray-Bennett (nsrb1@le.ac.uk)

It is not easy to answer to the question “what is education?” However, in terms of “disaster education”, it must contribute to reduce damage from disasters.

Natural science and engineering have reduced the damage from extreme natural events such as earthquakes and hurricanes by forecasting hazards appropriately and constructing substantial hardware. These scientific based approaches have told us what is the right solution to reduce damage and what is not. Disaster education is initially defined as transferring proper knowledge for reducing damage from disasters. Its importance has been proved by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. This disaster brought us the lesson that the lack of proper knowledge increases damage from the disaster.

There are some statistics which show disaster education in the developing countries is not sufficient. This knowledge transfer type of disaster education is still necessary. However, disasters in the developed society such as 2010 Tohoku earthquake showed that even though the public had basic proper knowledge of disasters, damage could not be reduced. It cannot be said that the more public obtain knowledge of disasters, the more damage from disasters are reduced.

What is disaster education? Disaster education, of course, includes transferring knowledge of disasters. However, one of the features of current disasters is that the causal connection between hazards and damage is not clear. This means even experts cannot estimate correctly what will happen as a disaster. In the last few decades, experts in the disaster management field have emphasised the importance of participation of public in disaster management. This is because knowledge is created by collaborative work among a variety of people. In order to cope with not only typical disasters but also new disasters, disaster education should be defined as co-learning process.

In this presentation, theoretical framework will be discussed at first. Following that, several examples of co-learning will be introduced as disaster education projects.

Biography: Dr Hideyuki Shiroshita is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Safety Science in Kansai University, Japan

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