Francisco Valente Gonçalves

2016 AFPGR Participant


Effects of contextual information on the verification phase of fingerprint comparisons and experts' motivation to carry out the ACE-V process

About Francisco

Francisco Valente Gonçalves is a Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher within the INTREPID Forensics Programme. He undertook his BSc in Psychological Sciences between Portugal (ISPA-IU) and Spain (Universitat de Valencia), having worked as an undergraduate researcher during this degree on developmental psychology. Having also a MSc in Psychocriminology (ISPA-IU, Portugal) he worked in the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences as an forensic psychologist intern for one and half years. His MSc dissertation focused on the psychological assessment of simulated and dissimulated personalities in forensic context. In 2014 he completed a specialization in clinical intervention within the Mental Health service of Santa Maria’s Hospital in Lisbon.

Prior his moving to Leicester he worked in risk contexts on topics such as sexual abuse, addictions and personality disorders as a clinical psychologist with children, youths and adults and as a forensic psychologist in the Prison of Leiria. He is enrolled in international scientific societies, and is also an Effective Member of the Portuguese Psychologists Board. Currently working as a reviewer for four journals (Peritia - Revista Portuguesa de Psicologia, Portugal; Direito em Debate, Brazil; Forensic Sciences International; and Brazilian Journal of Forensic Sciences). At the University of Leicester he is at the moment one of the editors of FRONTIER Magazine and is part of the Leicester Judgement and Decision Making Research Group.

See Francisco's PhDepictions entry.

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Francisco's Research

Francisco’s research is focused on fingerprint examinations and the effects of external and internal factors such as contextual information and on the examiners' motivation to carry their work. Fingerprint examiners need to follow a methodology named as ACE-V process. Although this methodology is worldwide known and used, examiners still have differences in the way they apply their expertise. This research will then focus on the effects that different types of contextual information affect examiners’ performance (negatively or positively) by testing their accuracy during different type of computer-based experiments. The research also aims to understand what do fingerprint examiners have to say regarding their work as they are the final user of any result and discussion that research similar to this will provide. Thus, Francisco is interviewing different examiners from different countries, trying to understand what are the common points and the differences within the ACE-V process, and assessing what are the different types of motivation these professionals have to carry their job. Main aims will pass by creating documents where a wider range of examiners will contribute to improve current guidelines and ACE-V applications, and to establish a better communication between agencies as well as to know better these type of forensic examiners, their needs and their thoughts in order to improve their management and possibly their recruitment.

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