Human Participants - Definition

Human participants are defined as including:

  • living human beings
  • human beings who are recently deceased (cadavers, human remains, and body parts)
  • embryos and foetuses
  • human tissue and bodily fluids
  • human data and records - such as, but not restricted to, medical, genetic, financial, personnel, criminal, or administrative records and test results including scholiastic achievements

The term "participants" is now preferred over "subjects" - the latter suggests a more passive role and may be viewed as derogatory, with the implication that people do not exercise agency in their interactions with researchers.

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