What is the Jefferson Transcription System?

Conversation analysts and many discourse analysts employ the Jefferson system of transcription notation. This is because in conversation analysis the transcripts are designed not only to capture what was said, but also the way in which it is said. Therefore the transcripts provide a detailed version of the complex nature of interaction.

Useful references for Jefferson transcription include:

  • Jefferson, G. (2004). Glossary of transcript symbols with an introduction. In G. H. Lerner (Ed). Conversation Analysis: Studies from the First Generation. (pp: 13-31). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Hepburn, A. and Bolden, G. B. (2013). Transcription. In Sidnell, J. & Stivers, T. (Eds). Blackwell Handbook of Conversation Analysis (pp 57-76). Oxford: Blackwell.

There are many symbols used in the Jefferson transcription system and we provide you with some of the most common below:

Transcription notation:

(.)  A full stop inside brackets denotes a micro pause, a notable pause but of no significant length.

(0.2) A number inside brackets denotes a timed pause. This is a pause long enough to time and subsequently show in transcription.

[  Square brackets denote a point where overlapping speech occurs.

> < Arrows surrounding talk like these show that the pace of the speech has quickened

< >  Arrows in this direction show that the pace of the speech has slowed down

(  ) Where there is space between brackets denotes that the words spoken here were too unclear to transcribe

((  )) Where double brackets appear with a description inserted denotes some contextual information where no symbol of representation was available.

Under When a word or part of a word is underlines it denotes a raise in volume or emphasis

↑ When an upward arrow appears it means there is a rise in intonation

↓ When a downward arrow appears it means there is a drop in intonation

→  An arrow like this denotes a particular sentence of interest to the analyst

CAPITALS  where capital letters appear it denotes that something was said loudly or even shouted

Hum(h)our  When a bracketed ‘h’ appears it means that there was laughter within the talk

=  The equal sign represents latched speech, a continuation of talk

:: Colons appear to represent elongated speech, a stretched sound

Share this page:

Funds to support research

Funding opportunities.

The School has limited funds to support research at several levels:

Forms

Ethical approval application

Research review proforma

Upcoming Events
CLEAPSS: Supporting Safe & Successful Classroom Physics Apr 14, 2021
Guided IT Learning Session Apr 14, 2021
Hiring through Unitemps (online taught) Apr 14, 2021
Format documents for accessibility Apr 14, 2021
Staff Health and Wellbeing Workshop: Achieving a Positive Work Life Balance – Managers’ Workshop Apr 15, 2021
Part 1 - Team Collaboration Space - Channels and conversations Apr 15, 2021
An Introduction to Public Engagement Apr 15, 2021
Figshare for Research Data Sharing Apr 15, 2021
CLEAPSS: Microscope Maintenance Apr 21, 2021
Recruiting at The University of Leicester (online taught) Apr 21, 2021
Open Research: Open Publishing Apr 23, 2021
Guided IT Learning Session Apr 26, 2021
Part 2 - Team Collaboration Space - Collaborate on documents Apr 26, 2021
CLEAPSS - Health and Safety for Science Technicians Apr 27, 2021
Manage your Team Collaboration Space Apr 29, 2021
Choosing Where To Publish May 04, 2021
Part 1 - Team Collaboration Space - Channels and conversations May 04, 2021
Interviewing Skills Training (online taught) May 05, 2021
Ogden Trust Early Years CPD with 'Science Talk' Resource Box May 05, 2021
Part 1 - Team Collaboration Space - Channels and conversations May 10, 2021
Altmetrics: Tracking Engagement Beyond Citations May 11, 2021
Part 2 - Team Collaboration Space - Collaborate on documents May 11, 2021
CLEAPSS: Don't Buy it, Make it! May 12, 2021
Good Practice in Research Data and Records Management May 12, 2021
Hiring through Unitemps (online taught) May 12, 2021
Guided IT Learning Session May 12, 2021
Open Research: An Introduction May 13, 2021
Figshare for Research Data Sharing May 14, 2021
Part 2 - Team Collaboration Space - Collaborate on documents May 17, 2021
Open Research: Managing Research Profiles May 18, 2021
Manage your Team Collaboration Space May 19, 2021
Part 1 - Team Collaboration Space - Channels and conversations May 19, 2021
Open Research: Open Data May 21, 2021
Part 2 - Team Collaboration Space - Collaborate on documents May 22, 2021
Guided IT Learning Session May 24, 2021
Format documents for accessibility May 25, 2021
Endnote May 25, 2021
Recruiting at The University of Leicester (online taught) May 25, 2021
Grant Writing Support Programme: Supported Writing Retreats May 26, 2021
Open Research: Open Access May 27, 2021
Refworks May 28, 2021
Search Strategies for Systematic Reviews in Life Sciences Jun 01, 2021
Interviewing Skills Training (online taught) Jun 09, 2021
Open Research: Open Monographs Jun 09, 2021
How to Organise an Event Jun 10, 2021
Open Research: Open Publishing Jun 11, 2021
Staff Health and Wellbeing Workshop: Achieving a Positive Work Life Balance – Managers’ Workshop Jun 14, 2021
How To Spot a Predatory Publisher Jun 15, 2021
Pre-Retirement Planning Sessions - State Benefits Jun 22, 2021
Pre-Retirement Planning Sessions - Financial Planning Jun 22, 2021
Pre-Retirement Planning Sessions - Estate Planning Jun 24, 2021
Recruiting at The University of Leicester (online taught) Jun 29, 2021
Pre-Retirement Planning Sessions - Your Pension Schemes and Wellbeing in Retirement Jun 30, 2021
An Introduction to Public Engagement Jul 06, 2021
Hiring through Unitemps (online taught) Jul 16, 2021
Interviewing Skills Training (online taught) Jul 21, 2021
Pre-Retirement Planning Sessions - State Benefits Nov 22, 2021
Pre-Retirement Planning Sessions - Financial Planning Nov 22, 2021
Pre-Retirement Planning Sessions - Your Pension Schemes and Wellbeing in Retirement Nov 23, 2021
Pre-Retirement Planning Sessions - Estate Planning Nov 24, 2021
Technicians Network Meetings Dec 07, 2021
Technicians Conference Jun 10, 2022
More…