1. Battaglia, A, Dhillon, R. and Illingworth A., Doppler W-band polarization diversity spaceborne radar simulator for wind studies, Atm. Meas. Tech. Disc., in press.

  2. D. Watters, Battaglia, A., Mroz, K. , Tridon, F., Validation of the Version-5 Surface Rain Rate Products from the Global Precipitation Measurement Mission Core Observatory over Great Britain and Ireland, conditionally accepted in J. Hydrometeorology

  3. Wolde, M.,  Battaglia, A.,  C. Nguyen, A. L. Pazmany, and A. Illingworth, 2018: Implementation of Polarization Diversity Pulse Pair Technique using airborne W-band radar. Atm. Meas. Tech. Disc., in press.
  4. Mroz, K., Battaglia A., Lang, T.J., Tanelli, S., Sacco G., Global Precipitation Measuring Dual-frequency Precipitation Radar observations of hailstorm vertical structure: current capabilities and drawbacks, accepted in J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol.,
  5. Illingworth, A. J., Battaglia, A. et al., 2018a: Wivern: A new satellite concept to provide global in-cloud winds, precipitation and cloud properties. Bull.Amer. Met. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0047.1, in press


  1. K. Mroz, Battaglia, A., T. Lang, D. Cecil, S. Tanelli and F.Tridon, Hail detection algorithm for the GPM core satellite sensors, 2017, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0368.1.
  2. Tridon F., Battaglia, A.  and D. Watters, Evaporation in action sensed by multi-wavelength         Doppler radars, 2017, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 10.1002/2016JD025998.
  3.  Battaglia, A.,  M. Wolde, L.P. D’Adderio, C. Nguyen, F. Fois, A. Illingworth, R. Midthassel, Characterization of surface radar cross sections at W-band at moderate angles, 2017, OI:  10.1109/TGRS.2017.2682423 n IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
  4. Tridon F. and  Battaglia, A., P. Kollias and E. Luke, Rain retrieval from dual-frequency radar Doppler spectra: validation and potential for a midlatitude precipitating case study, 2017, QJRMS,  doi:10.1002/qj.3010.


  1. Burns, D., P. Kollias, A. Tatarevic, A. Battaglia, S. Tanelli, The Performance of the EarthCARE Cloud Profiling Radar in Marine Stratiform Clouds, 2016, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 10.1002/2016JD025090.
  2. Battaglia, A., K. Mroz, T. Lang, F. Tridon, S. Tanelli, L. Tian and G. Heymsfield, Using a multi-wavelength suite of microwave instruments to investigate the microphysical structure of deep convective cores, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 2016, 10.1002/2016JD025269.
  3. Battaglia, A.,  K., S. Tanelli, F. Tridon, P.E. Kirstetter, Multiple-scattering-induced “ghost echoes” in GPM-DPR observations of a tornadic supercell, 10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0136.
  4. Kneifel, S., Kollias, P., Battaglia, A., Leinonen, J., Maahn, M., Kalesse, H., Tridon, F., First observations of triple-frequency radar Doppler spectra in snowfall: Interpretation and applications, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2016,  43, doi: 10.1002/2015GL067618.
  5. F Tridon, A Battaglia, Dualfrequency radar Doppler spectral retrieval of rain drop size distributions and entangled dynamics variables, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 10.1002/2014JD023023


  1. Battaglia A. and S. Tanelli, K. Mroz , F. Tridon,  Multiple scattering in observations of the GPM dual-frequency precipitation radar: evidence and impact on retrievals, JGR 03/2015; DOI:10.1002/2014JD022866
  2. F Tridon, A Battaglia, Dualfrequency radar Doppler spectral retrieval of rain drop size distributions and entangled dynamics variables, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 10.1002/2014JD023023
  3. Battaglia, A., and P Kollias, Error Analysis of a Conceptual Cloud Doppler Stereo-radar with Polarization Diversity for Better Understanding Space Applications, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 2015, doi:


  1. Battaglia A. and P. Kollias, Impact of Receiver Saturation on Surface Doppler velocity measurements from the EarthCARE Cloud Profiling Radar, 2014, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 53(3), doi 10.1109/TGRS.2014.233589.
  2. Battaglia A.  and P. Kollias, Using ice clouds for mitigating the EarthCARE Doppler radar mispointing, 2014, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 53(4), doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2014.2353219.
  3. Battaglia, A., S.Tanelli, G. Heymsfield, L. Tian, The Dual Wavelength Ratio knee: a signature of multiple scattering in airborne Ku-Ka observations, 2014, J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 53, 1790–1808, doi:
  4. Battaglia, A., C. Westbrook, S. Kneifel, P. Kollias, U. Loehnert, J. Tyynela, and G. W. Petty, G-band atmospheric radars: new frontiers in cloud physics, Atm. Meas. Tech.,  2014, 7 (1), pp. 321-375.
  5. P. Kollias, S. Tanelli, A. Battaglia and A. Tatarevic, Evaluation of EarthCARE Cloud Profiling Radar Doppler Velocity Measurements in Particle Sedimentation Regimes, J. Atm. Ocean. Tech., 2014, 31(2), 366-386.


  1. F. Tridon, A. Battaglia, Pavlos Kollias, 2013: Disentangling Mie and Attenuation Effects in Rain Using a Ka-W Dual-Wavelength Doppler Spectral Ratio Technique, Geoph. Res. Lett, 40(20),  5548-5552.
  2. Battaglia, A., S. Tanelli, P. Kollias, Polarization diversity for millimeter space-borne Doppler radars: an answer for observing deep convection? , 2013, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 30(12), 2768-2787, doi:
  3. Tridon, F., A. Battaglia, P. Kollias, E. Luke, C. R. Williams, 2013: Signal Postprocessing and Reflectivity Calibration of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program 915-MHz Wind Profilers, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 30(6), 1038–1054,doi:
  4. Battaglia, and J. Delanoe, Snow characterization from CALIPSO and CloudSat measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 2013, doi:10.1029/2012JD018092


  1. Saavedra, P., A. Battaglia, and C. Simmer, Partitioning of cloud and rain water content by ground-based observations with the radiometer ADMIRARI in synergy with a micro rain radar during EUCAARI, J. Geophys. Res., 2012, 117, D05203, doi:10.1029/2011JD016579.
  2. Pounder, N., L. R. J. Hogan, T. Varnai, A. Battaglia and R. F. Cahalan: A variational method to retrieve the extinction profile in liquid clouds using multiple field-of-view lidar, J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatology, 2012, 51, 350–365, doi:


  1. Battaglia, A., T. Augustynek, S. Tanelli, P. Kollias, Multiple scattering identication in spaceborne W-band radar measurements of deep convective cores, J. Geophys. Res., 2011, 116, D19201, 10.1029/2011JD016142.
  2. Battaglia, A., S. Tanelli, DOppler MUltiple Scattering simulator, IEEE Trans.Geo.Rem.Sens. , 2011, 49 (1), 442–450, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2010.2052818.
  3. Loehnert, U., Kneifel, S., Battaglia, A., Hagen, M., Hirsch, L. and Crewell S., A multi-sensor approach towards a better understanding of snowfall microphysics: The TOSCA project,  Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 2011, 92, 613–628.


  1. Battaglia, A., S. Tanelli, S. Kobayashi, D. Zrnic, R.J. Hogan, C. Simmer, Multiple-scattering in radar systems: a review, J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Transf., 2010, 111 (6), 917-947
  2. Kneifel, S., Loehnert, U., Battaglia, A., Crewell S. and Siebler D., Snow Scattering Signals in ground-based Passive Microwave Radiometer Measurements,  J. Geophys. Res., 2010, 115, D16214, doi:10.1029/2010JD013856.
  3. Battaglia A., P. Saavedra, C. Morales and C. Simmer, Understanding 3D effects in polarized observations with the ground-based ADMIRARI radiometer during the CHUVA campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D09204, doi:10.1029/2010JD015335.
  4. Battaglia, A., E. Rustemeier, A. Tokay, U. Blahak and C. Simmer, PARSIVEL Snow Observations: A Critical Assessment, J. Atm. Ocean. Tech., 2010, 27(2), 333-344.
  5. Koner, P.,  Battaglia, A., and C. Simmer, A Rain Rate retrieval algorithm for Attenuating Radar Measurements, J. Appl. Met. Clim., 2010, 49(3), 381-393.
  6. Battaglia, A., P. Saavedra, T. Rose and C. Simmer, Characterization of precipitating clouds by ground-based measurements with the triple-frequency polarized microwave radiometer ADMIRARI, J. Appl. Met. Clim., 2010, 49(3), 394-414.


  1. Sergey Y. Matrosov and A. Battaglia, Influence of multiple scattering in CloudSAT measurements in snow: a model study, Geoph. Res. Lett., 2009, 36, L12806.
  2. Battaglia, A., P. Saavedra and C. Simmer, Rain observations by a multi-frequency dual polarized radiometer, IEEE Geosc. Rem. Sens. Lett., 2009, 6 (2), 354-358.
  3. A. Tokay, Peter Hartman, A. Battaglia, C. Williams, K. S., Gage and W. L. Clark,  Spatial and Temporal Variability of Z-R Relations within the Rain Layer, J. Atm. Ocean. Tech., 2009, 26 (6), 1120-1134, doi: 10.1175/2008JTECHA1163.1. 


  1. Battaglia, A., J. Haynes, T. L'Ecuyer, and C. Simmer, Identifying multiple-scattering-affected profiles in CloudSat observations over the Oceans, J. Geoph. Res., 2008,113, D00A17, doi:101029/2008JD009960.
  2. Hogan, R., Battaglia, A., Fast lidar and radar multiple-scattering models: Part 2: Wide-angle scattering using the time-dependent two-stream approximation, J. Atmos. Sci., 2008, 65 (12), 3636–3651, doi: 10.1175/2008JAS2643.1.
  3. Sergey Y. Matrosov. A. Battaglia and Peter Rodriguez, A Method for Estimating Rainfall Rates from Height Derivatives of CloudSat Measurements, J. Atm. Ocean. Tech., 2008, 25 (12), 2199–2208.
  4. Battaglia, A., and C. Simmer, How does multiple scattering affect the spaceborne W-band radar measurements at ranges close to and crossing the surface-range?, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2008. 46(6), 1644-1651.
  5. Battaglia, A., S. Kobayashi, S. Tanelli, E. Im, and C. Simmer, Multiple scattering effects in pulsed radar systems: an intercomparison study, J. Atm. Ocean. Tech.., 2008, 25 (9), 1556–1567, doi: 10.1175/2008JTECHA1023.1.


  1. Battaglia, A., M. O. Ajewole and C. Simmer, Evaluation of radar multiple scattering effects in Cloudsat configuration, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2007, 7, 1719-1730.
  2. Battaglia, A., C. Davis and C. Emde and C. Simmer, Microwave radiative transfer intercomparison study for 3-D dichroic media, J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Transf., 2007, 105(1), 55-67.
  3. Battaglia, A. and C. Simmer, Explaining the polarization signal from rain dichroic media, J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Transf., 2007, 105(1), 84-101. 


  1. Battaglia, A., Ajewole, M.O., Simmer, C. Evaluation of radar multiple scattering effects from a GPM perspective. Part I: model description and validation, J. Appl. Met. Clim., 2006, 45(12), 1634-1647.
  2. Battaglia, A., Ajewole, M.O., Simmer, C., Evaluation of radar multiple scattering effects from a GPM perspective. Part II: model results, J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 2006, 45(12), 1648-1664. [6]
  3. Battaglia, A., H. Czekala and C. Simmer, Three dimensional effects in polarization signatures as observed from precipitating clouds by low frequency microwave radiometer, Atmos. Chem. Phys.,  2006, 6 (3), 4383-4394.
  4. Caracciolo, F. Prodi, A. Battaglia and F. Porcu', Analysis of the moments and parameters of a gamma DSD to infer precipitation properties: A convective stratiform discrimination algorithm, Atm. Res., 2006, 80(2-3), 165-186.


  1. Battaglia A. and Mantovani, S., Forward Montecarlo computations of fully polarized microwave radiation in non isotropic media, J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Transf., 2005, 95, 285-308.
  2. Battaglia, A., Ajewole, M. O. and Simmer, C., Multiple scattering effects due to hydrometeors on precipitation radar systems. Geophysical Research Letters, 2005, vol. 32 (19), doi:10.1029/2005GL023810.


  1. Battaglia, A., Kummerow, C.,  Dong-Bin Shin, and Williams, C., Toward characterizing the effect of radar bright bands on microwave brightness temperatures, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 2003, 20(6), 856-871.


  1. Battaglia, A., Sturniolo, O., Prodi, F., Radar multi-parameter analyses for ice cloud, Atm. Res., 2001, 59-60, 231-250.
  2. Battaglia A., Sturniolo, O., and Prodi F., Radar and scattering parameters through falling hydrometeors with axially-symmetric shapes, Applied Optics, 2001, 40, 3092-3100.


  1. Prodi F., Battaglia A., Brunelli F. and Sturniolo, O., Measurements of natural precipitation with 35 GHz scatterometer and corresponding simulations, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth (B), 2000, 25(10-12), 1343-1346.


  1. Prodi, F., Sturniolo, O., Medini, R., and Battaglia, A., 1999: Radar parameters simulation for populations of spherical and non-spherical hydrometeors: dependence on size distributions, shapes and composition, J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Transf., 63, 677-699.
  2. Battaglia A., Muinonen, K., Nousiainen, T., and Peltoniemi, J.I., Light scattering by Gaussian particles: Rayleigh-ellipsoid approximation, J. Quant. Spec. Rad. Transf.,  1999, 63, 277-303.


  1. Prodi, F., Medini, R., Battaglia, A., and Sturniolo, O., Radar parameters calculations for Γ distribution of cloud particles in single scattering, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 1998, Vol. B, No. 3, 213-218.


  1. Battaglia, A., Prodi F. , Porcu F., and Dong-Bin Shin, 3D effects in MW radiative transport inside precipitating clouds: modeling and applications, chapter in the book Measuring Precipitation from space: EURAINSAT and the future, edited by V. Levizzani, P. Bauer e F. J. Turk, Eds., Springer, 113-126.
  2. Battaglia, A., Simmer, C., Crewell, S., Czekala, H., Emde, C., Marzano, F., Mishchenko, M.,  Pardo, J., and Prigent, C., Emission and scattering by clouds and precipitation, chapter in the book "Thermal Microwave Radiation - Applications for Remote Sensing", IEE Electromagnetic Waves Series, London, UK, 2006, edited by C. Mätzler.

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