Professor Mark Banks

Professor of Culture and Communication

Director of CAMEo Research Institute for Cultural and Media Economies

 Professor Mark Banks
t: @markoliverbanks

tel: +44 (0)116 229 7576


Personal details

BA (Salford), PhD (Lancaster), FHEA

I am Professor and Director of CAMEo Research Institute for Cultural and Media Economies - an interdisciplinary institute launched in 2016 to explore the changing productive dynamics of the cultural and creative industries, cultural consumption, media and arts. CAMEo involves a large number of academics and partners from within and without the University. More details on its personnel, projects and activities can be found here

Prior to this I was Director of Research (2015-16) and Academic Programme Director (2014-15) in the Department of Media and Communication.

From 2007 to 2014 I was Reader in Sociology at The Open University, co-chairing the production of the module DD206 and researching within the ESRC CRESC centre. Between 2000 and 2007 I taught Cultural Studies, Sociology and Cultural Criminology at Manchester Metropolitan University, where I began my career as researcher in the Manchester Institute for Popular Culture (1998-2000).


Cultural and creative industries; music, arts, media and popular culture; cultural policy

Most of my research is concerned with the relationships between culture and economy, mainly in the context of the cultural industries. I’m especially interested in issues of cultural work in relation to identity, access and opportunity, social justice, and moral economy.

My most recent book is Creative Justice: Cultural Industries, Work and Inequality

This explores how the cultural industries might be made more equal and equitable - and proposes some normative principles for a better 'creative justice'.

Other recent work has focussed on the changing character of art school education, the notion of work intensity and 'being in the zone', ideas of value in cultural work, race and equality in the music industry, and reflections on the history of 'creative cities' policy. I am currently writing about growth, post-growth and sustainability in the context of the 'creative economy'.

In 2015 I wrote 'Cultural Industries, Work and Values' for the AHRC Cultural Value Project - available here: and in 2018 contributed to the CAMEo report on Workforce Diversity for the BFI available here:

Teaching and Supervision

I currently teach MS7211 The Cultural Industries: Theory, Policy & Practice.

I’m also supervising PhD students in areas related to cultural work and policy – including projects on community arts, masculinity and cultural work, and I welcome new enquiries from prospective students.



Banks, M. (2017) Creative Justice: Cultural Industries, Work and Inequality. Rowman & Littlefield, London.

Banks, M., Gill, R. and Taylor. S (eds.) (2013) Theorizing Cultural Work: Labour, Continuity and Change in the Cultural and Creative Industries. Routledge, London

Banks, M. and Barnett, C. (eds.) (2012) The Uses of Social Science. Open University, Milton Keynes.

Banks, M. (2007) The Politics of Cultural Work. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.


Banks, M. (2019) Precarity, Biography and Event: Work and Time in the Cultural Industries. Sociological Research Online

Banks, M. (2018) Creative Economies of Tomorrow? Limits to Growth and the Uncertain Future. Cultural Trends 27 (5) 367-380.

Banks, M. and O'Connor, J. (2017) Inside the Whale (And How to Get Out of There). Moving on From Two Decades of Creative Industries Research, European Journal of Cultural Studies 20, 6, 637-654.

Banks, M and Oakley, K. (2015) The Dance Goes on Forever? Art Schools, Class and UK Higher Education, International Journal of Cultural Policy 22, 1, 41-57.

Banks, M. (2014) Being in the Zone of Cultural Work, Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, (special issue, ‘Capitalism: Current Crisis and Cultural Critique’, Fornas, J. (ed.)

Banks, M. (2013) Creative Cities, Counter-Finance and the Aesthetics of Exchange: Copenhagen’s Artmoney Project, Cities, (special issue ‘Creative Cities After The Fall of Finance’ Pratt, A and Indergaard, M. (eds.) 33, 36-42

Banks, M. (2012) MacIntyre, Bourdieu and the Practice of Jazz, Popular Music, 31, 1 , 69-86

Banks, M. (2011) The Colours of Money: Artmoney as Community Currency, International Journal of Community Currency Research 15, 77-81.

Banks, M. and Milestone, K. (2011) Individualization, Gender and Cultural Work. Gender, Work and Organization Special Issue on ‘The New Economy’. 18, 1, 73-89

Banks, M. (2010) Craft Labour and Creative Industries, International Journal of Cultural Policy 16, 3, 305-322.

Banks, M (2010) Autonomy Guaranteed? Cultural Work and the ‘Art-Commerce’ Relation, Journal for Cultural Research 14, 3, 251-269.

Banks, M and O’Connor, J. (2009) After the Creative Industries. International Journal of Cultural Policy (Special Issue) ‘After the Creative Industries’ 15, 4, 365-373

Banks, M and Hesmondhalgh, D. (2009) Looking for Work in Creative Industries Policy. International Journal of Cultural Policy (Special Issue) ‘After the Creative Industries’ 15, 4, 415-430.

Banks, M. (2009) Fit and Working Again: The Instrumental Leisure of the Creative Class. Environment and Planning A 41, 3, 668-681

Banks, M. (2006) Moral Economy and Cultural Work. Sociology. 40 3 455-472.


Banks, M. and Serafini, P. (forthcoming) Towards Post-Growth Creative Economies? Building Sustainable Cultural Production in Argentina, in Kompatsiaris, P. and Mylonas, Y. (eds.) The Industrialization of Creativity, Springer.

Wood, H., Kay, J.B and Banks, M. (2017) The Working Class, Ordinary Celebrity and 'Illegitimate' Cultural Work, in Deery, J. and Press, A. (eds.) Media and Class: TV, Film and Digital Culture. Routledge Abingdon and New York.

Ashton, H. and Banks, M. (2017) Step into the Zone: Career Dancers, Cultural Work and Intensity, in Jordan, T., Woodward, K. and McClure, B. Culture, Identity and Intense Performativity: Being in the Zone. Routledge, London.

Banks, M and Oakley, K (2015) Class, Art Workers and the Myth of Mobility, in Maxwell, R. (ed.) The Routledge Companion to Labor and Media. Routledge London and New York.

Banks, M. (2015) The Value of Cultural Industries in Oakley, K. And O’Connor, J (eds.) The Routledge Companion to the Cultural Industries. Routledge, London.

Banks, M. and Toynbee, J. (2014) Race, Consecration and the ‘Music Outside’? The Making of the British Jazz Avant-Garde 1968-1973, in Tackley, C., Doffman, M. and Toynbee, J. (eds.) Black British Jazz: Routes, Ownership, Performance. Ashgate, Aldershot.

Banks, M., Gill, R. And Taylor, S. (2013) Cultural Work, Time and Trajectory, in Banks, M., Gill, R. And Taylor, S. (eds.) Theorizing Cultural Work: Labour, Continuity and Change in the Cultural and Creative Industries. Routledge, London.

Bassett, K., Smith, I., Banks, M. and O’Connor, J. (2005) Urban Dilemmas of Competition and Cohesion in Cultural Policy. In Buck, N. et al (eds.) Changing Cities: Rethinking Urban Competitiveness, Cohesion and Governance. Palgrave, London.


CAMEo (2018) Workforce Diversity in the UK Screen Sector: Evidence Review, CAMEo Research Institute: Leicester.

Banks. M. (2014) Cultural Industries, Work and Values, Critical Review, AHRC Cultural Value Project.

Banks, M., Ebrey, J. And Toynbee J. (2014) Black British Jazz: A Working Lives Survey, Open University and Jazz Services.

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Contact Details

School of Media, Communication and Sociology

Campus based courses
T: +44(0)116 252 3863

Distance Learning Courses
T: 0116 252 3755

Research degrees (campus-based and distance learning courses)
T: +44(0)116 252 2785

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