Onder Bakircioglu

Onder BakirciogluAssociate Professor 
Email: onder.bakircioglu@le.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0)116 2297214

Personal details

LLB (University of Istanbul), MA (University of Utrecht-Malta), LLM (University of Essex), PhD (NUI, Cork), Member of the Istanbul Bar

I joined Leicester in August 2014. Prior to that, I worked as a Lecturer in Law at Queen’s University Belfast (2008-2014).


My main research interests are in the field of public international law and human rights law. I am particularly interested in the use of force discourse at international and domestic settings.

I have recently completed a monograph on the notion of justified force within the Islamic tradition. The book employs a socio-legal research methodology that benefits from a range of perspectives drawn from legal scholarship, history, international relations theory and theology.

Commenting on the book, Professor Richard Falk noted that:

"With admirable scholarly mastery, Onder Bakircioglu explores the nature of jihad in Islamic thought about war and peace, demonstrating conclusively that there is no authoritative doctrine available to resolve interpretative controversies so central to current debates about Islamic extremism. An indispensable study for legal specialist, and indeed, for anyone concerned with a deep understanding of the bearing of Islam on the regulation of warfare."

Professor Abdullahi A. An-Na’im similarly remarked that: “This is a scholarly, rigorous, thoroughly documented and intellectually honest account of the ambiguity and complexity of the Islamic doctrine of jihad. By persuasively demonstrating that war and peace are always outcomes of human agency, this book is an eloquent call to moral choice and political action, beyond stale polemics of absolute text or abstract doctrine.”


  • Public international law
  • human rights law
  • just war doctrine
  • use of force in international and criminal law


  • “The European Convention in Conflicted Societies: The Experience of Northern Ireland and Turkey” (forthcoming April 2017) International and Comparative Law Quarterly, with Brice Dickson
  • Islam and Warfare: Context and Compatibility with Modern International Law (Routledge, November 2014).
  • Self-Defence in International and Criminal Law: The doctrine of Imminence (May 2011, Routledge–paperback ed., March 2013);
  • “Germany v Italy: The Triumph of Sovereign Immunity over Human Rights Law,” (2012) 1 International Human Rights Law Review 93-109;
  • “A Socio-Legal Analysis of Jihad” (2010) 59 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 413-440;
  • “The Future of Preventive Wars: The Case of Iraq” (2009) 30 Third World Quarterly 1297-1316;
  • “The Right to Self-Defence in National and International Law: The Role of the Imminence Requirement” 2009 (19) Indiana International & Comparative Law Review 1-49;
  • “Freedom of Expression and Hate Speech” 2008 (16) Tulsa Journal of Comparative & International Law 1-50;
  • “The Contours of the Right to Self-Defence: Is the Requirement of Imminence Merely a Translator for the Concept of Necessity?”  (2008) 72 The Journal of Criminal Law 131-169;
  • ‘‘The Evolving Role of the UNCHR: Should the Conventional Role of UNHCR Be Expanded?” (2008) 5 Ankara Law Review 101-110;
  • “The Application of the Margin of Appreciation Doctrine in Freedom of Expression and Public Morality Cases” (2007) 8 German Law Journal 711-734.

You can access a full publication list (pdf) online.

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