Onder Bakircioglu

Onder BakirciogluAssociate Professor 
Email: onder.bakircioglu@le.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0)116 2297214

Personal details

LLB (University of Istanbul), MA (University of Utrecht-Malta), LLM (University of Essex), PhD (NUI, Cork), Member of the Istanbul Bar

I joined Leicester in August 2014. Prior to that, I worked as a Lecturer in Law at Queen’s University Belfast (2008-2014).


My main research interests are in the field of public international law and human rights law. I am particularly interested in the use of force discourse at international and domestic settings. I have two monographs that explore the use of force discourse in a variety of settings. I generally employ a socio-legal research methodology that benefits from a range of perspectives drawn from legal scholarship, history, international relations theory and theology. My book on Islam and Warfare was noted be “an indispensable study for … anyone concerned with a deep understanding of the bearing of Islam on the regulation of warfare" (Professor Richard Falk, Professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University). It was likewise praised to be “a laudable contribution to a complex subject” (Ahmed Al-Dawoody, Al-Azhar University, Cairo), which, “by persuasively demonstrating that war and peace are always outcomes of human agency, … is an eloquent call to moral choice and political action, beyond stale polemics of absolute text or abstract doctrine" (Professor Abdullahi A. An-Na’im (the Charles Howard Candler Professor of Law at Emory University School of Law).

Research Interests

  • Public international law
  • human rights law
  • just war doctrine
  • use of force in international and criminal law



  • Islam and Warfare: Context and Compatibility with International Law (London: Routledge, 2014–paperback ed., November 2016)
  • Self-Defence in International and Criminal Law: The doctrine of Imminence (London: Routledge, 2011–paperback ed., March 2013)   https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203813812

Articles/Book Chapters

  • “Disputed Bounds of Muslim Warfare,” 24 (3) (2019) Journal of Conflict and Security Law 1-31   Open access version,   https://doi.org/10.1093/jcsl/krz013
  • “Use of Force Discourse under International Law” in: Sergey Sayapin (ed.) International Conflict and Security Law (T. M. C. Asser Press, forthcoming, 2019)
  • “Brexit, the European Union Law and Freedom of Movement: The Legal Status of Turkish Citizens in the UK” in: E. Esen (ed.) Opportunities and Threats in European Integration and Turkey-EU-Relations after Brexit (Berlin:  Peter Lang Publishing 2018) 201-221 (with Y. S. Alkan)   https://doi.org/10.3726/b13315
  • “The Principal Sources of Islamic Law,” in: T. Gray (ed.), Islam and International Criminal Justice, (Nuremberg: The Nuremberg Academy Publishing, 2018) 15-43
  • “The European Convention in Conflicted Societies: The Experience of Northern Ireland and Turkey” (2017) 66 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 263-294 (with Brice Dickson)   Open access versionhttps://doi.org/10.1017/S0020589317000033
  • “Brexit, Avrupa Ortaklik Hukuku ve Serbest Dolasim: Ingiltere’de Yasayan Türk Vatandaslarinin Durumu” in: Brexit—Elveda Avrupa: Ingiltere’nin AB’den Ayrilmasindan Sonra Avrupa Bütünlesmesi ve Türkiye-Avrupa Iliskilerinde Firstalar ve Tehditler, E. Esen & D. Sekeroglu (eds.) (Ankara: Siyasal Kitapevi Publishers, 2017) 323-355 (with Y. S. Alkan)
  • “Germany v Italy: The Triumph of Sovereign Immunity over Human Rights Law,” (2012) 1 International Human Rights Law Review 93-109 https://doi.org/10.1163/22131035-00101002
  • “A Socio-Legal Analysis of Jihad” (2010) 59 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 413-440   https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020589310000060
    also reproduced in Niaz A. Shah (ed.) Islam and the Law of Armed Conflict (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014)
  • “The Future of Preventive Wars: The Case of Iraq” (2009) 30 Third World Quarterly 1297-1316   https://doi.org/10.1080/01436590903134932
  • “The Right to Self-Defence in National and International Law: The Role of the Imminence Requirement” 2009 (19) Indiana International & Comparative Law Review 1-49;
  • “Freedom of Expression and Hate Speech” 2008 (16) Tulsa Journal of Comparative & International Law 1-50;
  • “The Contours of the Right to Self-Defence: Is the Requirement of Imminence Merely a Translator for the Concept of Necessity?”  (2008) 72 The Journal of Criminal Law 131-169;
  • ‘‘The Evolving Role of the UNCHR: Should the Conventional Role of UNHCR Be Expanded?” (2008) 5 Ankara Law Review 101-110;
  • “The Application of the Margin of Appreciation Doctrine in Freedom of Expression and Public Morality Cases” (2007) 8 German Law Journal 711-734.


  • “A Review of the Adult Safeguarding Framework in Northern Ireland, the UK, Ireland and Internationally,” Commissioned by the Commissioner for Older People for Northern Ireland, 66 pages, 2014 (with Dr Janet C. Anand)

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