Masood Ahmed

Associate Professor
Telephone: +44 (0)116 252 2362

Personal details

BA (Hons) / MA (Cantab); PG Dip. (Cardiff); PG Cert Ed. (Birmingham City); Solicitor (non-practising); Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

I read law at the University of Cambridge (Sidney Sussex College) and completed my Postgraduate Diploma in Legal Practice at Cardiff University. I qualified as a solicitor at an international commercial law firm and focused on commercial dispute resolution (including international commercial arbitration and mediation) and commercial transactional work. At the Leicester Law School, I convene the Dispute Resolution Research Cluster. I also hold a number of external positions including

  • Member of the Civil Procedure Rule Committee
  • Research Fellow on the ‘Affordable Access to Justice’ Erasmus University (Netherlands) New Vici project | Building EU civil justice

  • Alternative Dispute Resolution and Case Note editor of the Civil Justice Quarterly
  • Editorial member of the White Book (Civil Procedure Rules) and commentator
  • Editorial member of the White Book (The White Book Service – Civil Procedure) and commentator for Civil Procedure Rule 39
  • Editorial member of the Journal of Personal Injury Law
  • Founder and convenor of the Civil Justice Systems and ADR stream for the Socio-Legal Studies Association Conference
  • External examiner at the University of Oxford (postgraduate civil procedure/civil justice)

I have been a visiting professor in international commercial arbitration at Masaryk University (Czech Republic) and was invited to give a series of lectures on international commercial arbitration and Islamic finance to Justices of the Supreme Court of Indonesia.


My primary research interests are in civil procedure/civil justice systems and reform, alternative dispute resolution (especially commercial arbitration and mediation), and the interrelationship between ADR and the Civil Procedure Rules. My research has been published in various leading international academic journals including the Modern Law Review; Lloyd's Maritime & Commercial Law Quarterly; Civil Justice Quarterly; Common Law World Review; Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly; International Journal of Procedural Law; and Journal of International Arbitration.

I have also assisted in the implementation of a number of significant civil justice reforms and my research has had impact on pre-action and civil court procedure, for example:

  • Assisted in reforming the General Pre-action Protocol. A number of my recommendations discussed in my paper ‘An Alternative Approach to Repealing the General Pre-action Protocol’ were adopted
  • Reviewed and evaluated a novel ADR procedure (the Adjudication Scheme) as a member of the Professional Negligence Adjudication Working Party (led by Mrs Justice Carr and Mr Justice Fraser). My report was approved by the Working Party and Lord Justice Coulson (Deputy Head of Civil Justice) and the majority of my recommendations were accepted and implemented
  • As a member of the Civil Procedure Rule Committee (CPRC) I work with members of the judiciary including the Master of the Rolls and Head of Civil Justice; the Deputy Head of Civil Justice and leading practitioners in drafting procedural rules; reviewing and amending existing rules; implementing key reforms. For example, I have assisted in reforming the procedural rules on open justice (CPR 39) and I am involved in the implementation of the digital reforms to the civil justice system and the introduction of the Online Civil Money Claims (OCMC)

I can be found on Twitter @ahmedCivJustice discussing developments in civil procedure/civil justice and ADR.

Current Teaching


  • Analysing Law
  • International Commercial Arbitration
  • Dispute Resolution


  • Civil Disputes
  • International Commercial Arbitration


Selected publications (peer-reviewed)

  • M. Ahmed ‘The London Fire Court, ADR, and the English Contemporary Civil Court Process’ (2021) 40(4) Civil Justice Quarterly 263-280
  • M. Ahmed ‘Alternative Dispute Resolution During the Covid-19 Crisis and Beyond’ King’s Law Journal 32(1) 147-156.
  • M. Ahmed ‘Critical Reflections on the Proposal for a Mediation Act for Scotland’ (2020) 83(3) Modern Law Review 614-636.
  • M. Ahmed 'The suspension of arbitral awards on enforcement and the territoriality theory' (2020) Lloyd's Maritime & Commercial Law Quarterly 372-378
  • M. Ahmed 'Travelers Insurance Co. Ltd v XYZ' (2020) 2 Journal of Personal Injury Law C126-C131
  • M. Ahmed (with F. Arslan) 'Compelling parties to judicial early neutral evaluation' (2020) 39(1) Civil Justice Quarterly 1-11.
  • M. Ahmed 'Moving on from a judicial preference for mediation to embed appropriate dispute resolution' (2019) 70(3) Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly 331-154.
  • M. Ahmed 'A Critical Review of the Business & Property Courts of England and Wales' in X. Kramer and J. Sorabji (ed.) International Business Courts – A European and Global Perspective (Eleven International Publishing) 2019 21-43.
  • M. Ahmed 'Critical Reflections on the UNCITRAL Convention on the Enforcement of Mediation Settlement Agreements' (2019) Lloyd's Maritime & Commercial Law Quarterly 259-270.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed 'A Novel ADR Procedure for Professional Negligence Disputes' (2019) 35(1) Journal of Professional Negligence 54-70.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed 'Procedural Rules and Judicial Discretion' (2018) 37 (2) Civil Justice Quarterly 149-160.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed 'An investigation into the nature and role of non-settled ADR' (2017) 7(2) International Journal of Procedural Law 216-249.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed ‘Reflections on Judicial Approaches to the IBA Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest in International Arbitration’ (2017) 28 (4) European Business Law Review 649-666.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed 'A Critical View of Stage 1 of the Online Court' (2017) 36(1) Civil Justice Quarterly -  Briggs Civil Courts Structure Review & Online Court Special Edition 12-22.
  • M. Ahmed (with P. Vargiu) 'The Interpretation and Application of the New York Convention in the United Kingdom', in G. Bermann (ed.), Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards: The Interpretation and Application of the New York Convention (Springer 2017) 977-995.
  • M. Ahmed (with Prof B. Billingsley) ‘Evolution, Revolution & Culture Shift:  A Critical Analysis of Compulsory ADR in England and Canada’ (2016) 45(2) Common Law World Review 186–213.  Open access version,
  • M. Ahmed 'The merits factor in assessing an unreasonable refusal to ADR: A critique and a proposal' (2016) 8 Journal of Business Law 646-669.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed (with H. Yu) 'Keeping the Invisible hand under control? – Arbitrator’s mandate and assisting third parties' (2015) 19 (2) Vindobona Journal of International Commercial Law and Arbitration 213-242.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed 'Bridging the gap between ADR and robust adverse costs orders' (2015) 66(1) Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly 71-92 re-published in Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice (Addelton Academic Publishers, New York) 2016.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed 'Procedural Non-compliance and Relief from Sanctions after the Jackson Reforms: Striking the Balance' (2015) 5(1) International Journal of Procedural Law 71-95.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed 'Loosening the Grip of the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 on Arbitration Agreements' (2014) 31(5) Journal of International Arbitration 515-540.  Open access version
  • M. Ahmed 'Silence in the face of invitations to mediate' (2014) 73(1) Cambridge Law Journal 35-37
  • M. Ahmed ‘An Alternative Approach to Repealing the General Pre-action Protocol’ (2013) 32(2) Civil Justice Quarterly 257-274.
  • M. Ahmed ‘Implied Compulsory Mediation’ (2012) 31(2) Civil Justice Quarterly 151-175.
  • M. Ahmed (with H. Yu) ‘The new French Arbitration Law: an analysis’ (2012) 15(1) International Arbitration Law Review 20-29.

Selected publications (professional journals)

  • M. Ahmed 'The ‘additional amount’: an all-or-nothing affair?' (2019) New Law Journal 15-16.
  • M. Ahmed 'ADR for Professional Negligence' (2018) 168 (7803) New Law Journal 14-15.
  • M. Ahmed (with C. Pennells) 'Declaring a 'winner'' (2016) 7708 New Law Journal 14.
  • M. Ahmed (with E. Archibald) ‘Ignore now, pay later’ (2014) 164 (7594) New Law Journal 15-16.
  • M. Ahmed ‘Appeals on issues of fact – Maintaining the status quo’ (2011) 6(2) Global Arbitration Review 46.


M. Ahmed, Review of the Professional Negligence Adjudication Pilot Scheme (November 2017) - Review and evaluation of the Pilot Scheme for the Adjudication Working Party. Report recommendations approved and implemented by the Working Party and the Deputy Head of Civil Justice. The Scheme now forms part of the Professional Negligence Pre-action Protocol.  Open access version

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