Ebenezer (Ben) Adodo

Dr Ben AdodoAssociate Professor in Commercial Law
Email: ben.adodo@le.ac.uk
Telephone: +44 (0)116 252 2361

Personal details

LLB, LLM (Ife), LLM & PhD (National University of Singapore), Fellow UK Academy of Higher Education, Barrister and Solicitor

I joined Leicester Law School in January 2016. Previously, I held a lectureship in law at the University of Surrey. I served as the module convenor of International Trade and Shipping Law (LLM International Business Law pathway) at King's College London and was a nominee for King’s 2015 Teaching Excellence Award. I obtained my academic and professional qualifications from universities in Nigeria, Singapore and the UK. I qualified as a Barrister and Solicitor in January 2001. In Singapore, I undertook my research projects on NUS scholarships, covering 100% of the tuition fee, monthly stipends, and presentation of papers at a number of international conferences. I received NUS President’s Graduate Fellowship.

My doctoral thesis, undertaken under the joint supervision of Emeritus Professor E.P. Ellinger and Professor Tan Yock Lin, was on the shortlist for Professor Wang Gungwu medal and prize as the best PhD thesis from the Social Sciences & Humanities in the specified period and the first at the NUS Faculty of Law to secure a book contract with Oxford University Press UK in 40 years. The work was subsequently expanded with considerable attention to emerging new developments and published simultaneously in the UK and US in 2014 under OUP’s law practitioner title.


My research interests supervision expertise are in the following areas.

  • Banking and international banking law, including syndicated bank loans arrangements, inter-bank electronic funds transfer, and risks associated with correspondent banking
  • Mode of financing cross-border business transactions by means of specialised bank products, such as performance bonds, documentary letters of credit, and bills of exchange
  • International sale of goods contracts
  • Marine insurance and reinsurance
  • Carriage of goods by sea (charterparties and bill of lading)
  • Conflict of laws (private international law); strategies for initiating or pursuing complex international commercial litigation as a claimant or defendant, or as an interested third party; enforcement of foreign judgments.


  • Commercial Law, including international sales
  • Marine Insurance
  • Carriage of Goods by Sea
  • International Trade Financing Law
  • International Banking Law

PhD Supervision

  • The international Carriage of Goods by Sea Conventions: A Comparative Study of the burden of proof of the exercise of due diligence, Ahmed Hasan
  • Bitcoin: The international commercial and Tax implications of Bitcoin as money. An international law comparative analysis, Craig Wright
  • Takaful and the new English Law of Insurance: a paradigm shift toward sustainable and halal insurance models, Mutaz Alkhedhairy
  • A legal research on the effectiveness of the regulation of whistle-blowing in Nigerian companies, Onyeka Nwoha
  • The Principle of Autonomy and The Applicable Law on Documentary Credits: A comparative study between Libyan, Egyptian and English laws, Tajeldin Mukhtar
  • The carrier’s obligation to exercise reasonable diligence in the performance of a contractual voyage - a comparative analysis, Tom Egbe
  • The Bwllfa principle and the extent to which risk and uncertainty should be reflected in the quantum of pre-trial and post-trial damages, Iain Potter



2014. (Forward provided by Lord Clarke of the UK Supreme Court), Letters of Credit: The Law and Practice of Compliance (Oxford: Oxford University Press) —ISBN 978-019967-4077.

2007. (edited with Dr. Ademola O. Popoola, Professor and Dean, Faculty of Law, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ife), Current Legal Developments in Nigeria: Essays in Memory of Professor J.D. Ojo (Ile-Ife, Nigeria: Obafemi Awolowo University Press, 2007), xxxix, pp.342.—ISBN 978-136-1646

Chapters in books and invited papers

2008. “An Evaluation of the Criteria for Granting Interlocutory Injunctions in Letters of Credit and Performance Guarantees Litigation” in P. S. Prasad (ed.), Trade and Documents. Hyderabad, India: Amicus Books, ch.8, pp.157-192.

2006. (with Jacob Okperin), ““The Duty to Observe Utmost Good Faith under Insurance Act 2003: Insured’s Worst Nightmare” in Ademola O. Popoola and Ebenezer Adodo (eds.), Current Legal Developments in Nigeria: : Essays in Memory of Professor J.D. Ojo. Ile-Ife, Nigeria: ObafemiAwolowo University Press), Ch.9, pp. 239-258.

2006. “The ‘Basis of the Contract Clause’: An Ogre in Insurance Law” in Ademola O. Popoola and Ebenzer Adodo (eds.), Current Legal Developments in Nigeria: Essays in Memory of Professor J.D. Ojo. Ile-Ife, Nigeria: Obafemi Awolowo University Press, ch.3, pp.105-139.

2005. “Economic and Social Rights in Nigeria: Looking Beyond the Hurdle of Justiciability” in Human Rights Law Service, Enforcing Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Nigeria: Rhetoric or Reality? Lagos: Hurilaws, ch.2, pp. 13-53.

2005. “Federalism and the Politics of Resource Control in the Fourth Republic of Nigeria: A Critique” in Professors C.S. Momoh and S.A. Adetoro (eds.), Nigerian Integrative Discourses, vol 2. Lagos: Faculty of Arts, University of Lagos, ch.2, pp. 26-43.

2003. “Fundamental Breach and Exemption Clauses: the Dilemma of the Consumer in Nigeria” in Professor M.O. Ogungbe (ed.), Nigerian Law: Contemporary Issues. Benin City: Igbinedion University, ch.7, pp. 107-137.

Double Blind Refereed Journal Articles

2015. "Bank's Title to sue on Bills of Lading taken up under an Ill-fated Letter of Credit" (forthcoming in the Journal of International Banking Law & Regulation; permitted for a reprint in the Journal of International Maritime Law)

2014. "By What Criterion should a Requirement be implied into the UCP 600?" Volume 29 Journal of International Banking Law & Regulation 529-535. Thomson Reuters/Sweet & Maxwell UK Ltd.

2013. “Is the Plain Meaning Approach to Construction of ‘Unambiguous Words’ in Contract Still Alive in the English Courts?” European Business Law Review, pp. 537-551. Kluwer Law International, UK.

2013. “Validity of a Notice Served under Contractual Rights Reserved”. Lloyd’s Maritime & Commercial Law Quarterly, pp. 481-487. Informa Law, UK.

2012. “Considerations of Business Common Sense in Advance Payment Bond/Demand Guarantee Interpretation” Journal of Business Law, pp.531-545. Thomson Reuters/Sweet & Maxwell UK Ltd.

2012. “Letters of Credit: Existence of a Duty to Return Documents Listed in a Rejection Notice”. Journal of International Banking Law & Regulation (Issue 11), pp. 455-461. Thomson Reuters (Professionals)/Sweet & Maxwell UK Ltd.

2012. “What is the Legitimate Meaning of a Contractual Clause Requiring Personal Delivery of a Notice?” Civil Justice Quarterly. Sweet & Maxwell UK Ltd.

2011. “Article 16 of UCP 600: The Time frame for Returning Rejected Documents and Consequences of it Breach” Volume 26 Issue 11 Journal of International Banking Law & Regulation 548-557 (commissioned article). Thomson Reuters/Sweet & Maxwell UK Ltd.

2010. “Constitutional Reasons why Nigeria’s ‘Fourth’ Republican Government is caught in a Cleft Stick”, Journal of African & International Law, pp. 601-637. African Institute for Comparative and International Law, Tanzanian, East Africa.

2009. “Establishing Purchase of Documents under a Negotiation Letter of Credit” Singapore Journal of Legal Studies, pp.619-645. Singapore: Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore.

2009. “A Presentee Bank’s Duty when Examining a Tender of Documents under the UCP 600” Volume 24 (11) Journal of International Banking Law & Regulation. London, pp.566-579. London: Sweet & Maxwell UK.

2008. “The Legal Effect of Nomination under the UCP 600” Volume 23 (3) Journal of International Banking Law and Regulation, pp. 231-237. London: Sweet & Maxwell UK.

2008. “Non-documentary Conditions in Letters of Credits: What is the Bank’s Obligation Today?” Journal of Business Law, pp.103-122. London: Sweet & Maxwell Ltd. (Leading paper in the number)

2007. “Where is the Protection of Bankers under Universal Banking in Nigeria?”, Igbinedion University Law Journal, pp. 231-251. Benin City, Nigeria: Igbinedion University.

2006. “Conformity of Presentation Documents and A Rejection Notice in Letters of Credit Litigation: A Tale of Two Doctrines” 36 (2) Hong Kong Law Journal, pp. 309 - 339. Hong Kong: Sweet & Maxwell Asia.

2006. “The Status of a Court of Appeal Decision Disapproved by the Privy Council” 17 King’s College Law Journal, pp. 350-359. London: Hart Publishing.

2005. “Enforcement of Foreign Gambling Debts: Mapping the Worth of Public Policy Defence” 1 Journal of Private International Law, pp.291-321.London: Hart Publishing.

Articles in Nigerian Journals

2003. “Admissibility of Bankers’ Book in Evidence: Unity and Fire Insurance Co., Ltd., v. International Bank of West Africa, Ltd” Igbinedion University Law Journal, pp.303-316. Benin City, Nigeria: Igbinedion University.

2002. “Admissibility of Documentary Evidence in Commercial Litigations” 6(2-3) Modern Practice Journal of Finance & Investment Law, pp.217-234.

2002. “Legal Challenges of Universal Banking in Nigeria” 6(3-4) Modern Practice Journal of Finance & Investment Law, pp.398-406. Lagos, Nigeria.

2002. “An Appraisal of the Incident of Statute of Limitation in a Banker and Customer Relationship” 7(1) Modus International Law & Business Quarterly, pp.56-60. Lagos, Nigeria.

2001. “The Scope of Agent’s Authority and Power”, 5(3) Modern Practice Journal of Finance & Investment Law, pp.431-453. Lagos, Nigeria.

International Conference Papers

2009. “Presentation of Documents in Documentary Credit Operations”; Banking and Finance Section of the Society of Legal Scholars Annual Conference, 7-10 September, Keele University, the UK.

2009. “Determining Compliance with Terms Respecting Drafts Drawn on Applicant, Delivery of Documents and Negotiation under Letter of Credit Transactions in Hong Kong and Singapore”: 6th Asian Law Institute Conference, Dynamics of Change in Asia (29 & 30 May, hosted by the Faculty of Law, the University of Hong Kong

2008. “Deferred Payment Letters of Credit under the New UCP 600: What is the Beneficiary’s Position in Singapore and Hong Kong?” 5th Asian Law Institute Conference, 22 & 23 May; hosted by the Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore.

2007. “Since when has the Issuing Bank Assumed Responsibility for Non-compliance with Nondocumentary Clauses in Letters of Credit Transactions?” 4th Asian Law Institute Conference, “Voices from Asia for a Just and Equitable World”, (24 & 25 May, Faculty of Law, University of Indonesia, Jakarta).

2006. “Discrepant Documents in Letters of Credit Law and Practice: the Case for Spicing up Strict Compliance with Commercial Common Sense”: Banking and Finance Section of the Society of Legal Scholars Conference, 4-7 September, Keele University.

2005. “Are Foreign Judgments on Gambling Debts Enforceable in Singapore?” Presented as part of the invited and funded papers to launch the Journal of Private International Law, (29 & 30 March, Faculty of Law, the University of Aberdeen).

pdf file View a full list of publications (PDF)

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