Vulnerability and Cultural Heritage – Speakers

Panel 1

Neil Brodie – Provenance and price: The invisible hand of the antiquities market?

Neil Brodie is Senior Research Fellow in the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research at the University of Glasgow. An archaeologist by training, he has held positions at the British School at Athens, the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research at the University of Cambridge, where he was Research Director of the Illicit Antiquities Research Centre, and Stanford University’s Archaeology Center.

Simon Mackenzie – Conditions for guilt-free consumption in a transnational criminal market

Simon Mackenzie is a professor in the School of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Glasgow and a member of the criminological research staff at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research, where he is programme director for the MSc in Transnational Crime, Justice and Security. He is a socio-legal criminologist conducting research in white-collar crime, organized crime, policing/regulation, and transnational criminal markets. With Neil Brodie, he co-ordinates the Trafficking Culture project ( which is funded by the European Research Council to produce an evidence-based picture of the contemporary global trade in looted cultural objects.

Kathy Tubb – Trade Fairs: A Marketing Tool for the Sale of Antiquities

Kathryn Walker Tubb is an archaeological conservator and accredited member of ICON. She is a lecturer in cultural heritage studies at University College London's Institute of Archaeology with particular interest in cultural heritage protection, art law, the international market in cultural objects, ethics and professionalism. She has made valuable contributions in these areas, including her most recent papers entitled 'Shifting Approaches to Unprovenanced Antiquities Among Conservators' published in the 2013 volume Realising Cultural Heritage Law: Festschrift for Patrick O'Keefe and 'Extreme or Commonplace: The Collecting of Unprovenanced Antiquities in the 2012 volume Extreme Collecting: Challenging Practices for 21st Century Museums. She coordinates a course entitled 'Antiquities and the Law' and has a long-term conservation project that involves the examination and treatment of a large cache of 8000 year old plaster statues from the site of 'Ain Ghazal in Jordan.

Panel 2

Rowan Brown – Loved, listed, looted: crime at the Lady Victoria Colliery.

Rowan began her career by volunteering with Glasgow Museums and after an internship with Christie’s Auction House in London, made up her mind to pursue a museum career. Her first professional post was on the Kelvingrove New Century Project – a £25.9M conversion of Glasgow’s most loved museum and art gallery. The project focussed on intellectual and physical accessibility and allowed her to experiment across curatorial disciplines, working with ethnography, social history, science and technology. Rowan moved to the Museum of Transport in Glasgow in 2004 and began working on another major redevelopment - the new Riverside Museum. At Glasgow, Rowan developed a passion for industrial collections – the city has one of the finest transport collections in the UK – and she began volunteering with the Scottish Railway Preservation Society to improve my skillset. In 2006, she moved to National Museums Scotland to look after the industrial collections (which include the second oldest working Boulton & Watt Beam Engine in the world and Dolly the Sheep) and delivered six of the galleries for the Royal Museum redevelopment. In 2010, Rowan became Director of the National Mining Museum Scotland and she is now in the privileged position of being the custodian of an exquisite Victorian Colliery.

Nick Poole – Combatting Heritage Crime: Key Findings from the ACE Museum Security Programme

Nick Poole is CEO of the Collections Trust, the UK and international organisation which celebrates collections and their positive contribution to public life. Prior to joining Collections Trust, Nick was a National Policy Adviser at the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA). Nick's previous career involved work in Marketing, PR & Communications and in the Financial Services sector. Until 2012, he was Chair of ICOM UK and of the Europeana Network, a cross-industry body representing the interests of publishers, broadcasters and cultural institutions in Europe. He is also a Trustee of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP), on whose behalf he sits on the UK Committee of the Blue Shield. He is a Trustee of the Golden Hinde Trust and a former Councillor of the Museums Association.
Nick is working with a consortium of UK organisations to secure ratification of the 1954 Hague Convention on the Protection of Cultural Property in Theatres of Conflict. He has lectured and presented worldwide on topics relating to Cultural Heritage, New Media and the Arts. He is a visiting lecturer at several Universities and currently acts as the DCMS-nominated representative to the European Commission on matters of culture, technology and rights. He is Chair of the Hakluyts House Society at Westminster School.

Mike Harlow (Governance and Legal Director, English Heritage) – Heritage Crime - 'What's the Problem?'

Mike first qualified as an engineer before converting to the law and working in the City for 15 years as a solicitor advising on built environment matters. In 2007 Mike left his partnership in Winward Fearon to join English Heritage in the role of Legal Director. Since then he has been very heavily involved in the implementation of the reforms to the system of protection of the historic environment, particularly in the drafting of the Heritage Protection Bill, PPS5 and recently the historic environment policies within the National Planning Policy Framework.

He has been involved in key casework for English Heritage, like the Elizabeth House tall buildings inquiry and the proposed new shopping centre in the City of Lancaster. Mike also instigated the heritage crime programme which aims to reduce the threat of crime to historic buildings and sites across England.

Mark Harrison (National Policing and Crime Advisor, Heritage Crime Programme & Alliance to Reduce Crime against Heritage (ARCH) (Twitter @EHHeritageCrime)
Heritage Crime – What’s the Solution? The development of multi-disciplinary approaches

Mark joined the Metropolitan Police in 1980 where he gained experience in patrol, traffic and public order policing. In 1988, Mark transferred to his home county of Kent where he specialised in the investigation of environmental, wildlife and heritage crime. In 2008, Mark became the District Commander for Canterbury District and included the policing of the World Heritage Sites of St Martin’s Church, St Augustine’s Abbey and Canterbury Cathedral. In 2010, Mark was seconded as the policing advisor to English Heritage in order to develop and deliver and implement the Heritage Crime Initiative and the Alliance to Reduce Crime against Heritage. In June 2011 Mark was appointed by the University of Kent as an Honorary Research Fellow, attached to Classical and Archaeological Studies within the School of European Culture and Languages. In November 2011 Mark was elected as a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London. In June 2012, Mark was appointed as the National Policing and Crime Advisor for English Heritage and is responsible for the management of the Heritage Crime Programme

Panel 3

Julian Radcliffe – Protection of Cultural Heritage in Times of Crisis

Julian is the founder in 1991 and Chairman of the Art Loss Register, the central international database of stolen and looted art. He has an MA from Oxford in Politics and Economics and has founded a number of companies supporting the insurance industry, including Control Risks the leading security consultancy. He was Colonel for Reserves policy in the Ministry of Defence for the Afghanistan and Iraq mobilisations and was awarded in the OBE in 1999 and the QRFM in 2003. He has been an expert witness in many criminal and civil trials and was one of the authors for Professor Palmer’s book on Stolen Art.

Patty Gerstenblith – When Is “1970” Not Enough and When Is it Too Much? Evolving U.S. Museum Policies and Practices for the Acquisition of Archaeological Objects

Patty Gerstenblith is Distinguished Research Professor of Law at DePaul University and director of its Center for Art, Museum and Cultural Heritage Law. She is founding President of the Lawyers’ Committee for Cultural Heritage Preservation, a Director of the U.S. Committee of the Blue Shield and Co-Chair of the American Bar Association’s Art and Cultural Heritage Law Committee. In 2011 President Obama appointed her to chair the Cultural Property Advisory Committee in the U.S. Department of State, to which she had previously been appointed by President Clinton. From 1995-2002, she was editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Cultural Property. Her recent works include the third edition of her casebook, Art, Cultural Heritage and the Law, and her articles, “Getting Real: Legal and Aesthetic Perspectives on the Meaning and Value of Authenticity of Art Works,” published in the Columbia Journal of Art and the Law, and “Protecting Cultural Heritage in Armed Conflict: Looking Back, Looking Forward,” published in the Cardozo Public Law, Policy & Ethics Journal. Gerstenblith received her A.B. from Bryn Mawr College, Ph.D. in Art History and Anthropology from Harvard University, and J.D. from Northwestern University.

Michelle Gallant – The Impact of Money Laundering Measures

Dr. M Michelle Gallant is an Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba and a Commissioner with the Manitoba Law Reform Commission. Her research chiefly centres on money linked to criminal activity. Recent publications include ‘The Seizure of Illicit Assets: Patterns of Civil Forfeiture in Canada and Ireland’ with C. King (2013) 42 Common Wealth Law Review 91; ‘Enhancing Global Regulation: Exploring Alternative Financial Machinery,’ in L Westra, P Taylor and A Michelot, Confronting Ecological and Economic Collapse: Ecological Integrity for Law, Policy and Human Rights, Earthscan/Routledge, 2013 and ‘Tax and the Proceeds of Crime: A New Approach to Tainted Finance?’ (2013) Journal of Money Laundering Control.

Janet Ulph – Money Laundering Measures and Ethical Dealing: the Demands Placed upon High Value Dealers and Museums in the UK

Janet is a Law Professor at the University of Leicester, with postgraduate degrees from Harvard Law School and the University of Cambridge; she also qualified as a solicitor. Her teaching and research interests lie in the field of moveable property. Her publications include a book on Commercial Fraud: Civil Liability, Human Rights, and Money Laundering (Oxford University Press, 2006), which has been cited with approval in a number of cases. Janet was awarded a Leverhulme Fellowship to research into the strategic measures to combat the illicit trade in cultural property and she is the major co-author of The Illicit Trade in Art and Antiquities: Money Laundering, Criminal and Civil Liability and Recovery (Hart Publishing, 2012). More recently, Janet has been working with UK museums. She was appointed as an AHRC Placement Fellow working with the Museums Association in 2011/12, helping to prepare due diligence guidelines relating to deaccessioning of items in museum collections for the purposes of transfer to other museums or sale.

Panel 4

Tatiana Flessas – Museums and Antiquities after Marion True

Tatiana Flessas teaches Cultural Property and Heritage Law, Land Law, and Legal Theory at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Dr. Flessas's research is in the area of cultural property and legal theory, focussing on the emergence of cultural property regulation and heritage legislation as discourses of modernity. She has written on the problems of defining cultural property, the controversy surrounding the ownership of the Parthenon Marbles, and the issues that arise when requests to repatriate ancient objects or skeletons are made of museums and governments. Her work draws on modern philosophy from Nietzsche onwards, as well as literary theory. Her publications include ‘Cultural Property Defined, and Redefined as Nietzschean Aphorism’ 24 Cardozo Law Review 1067 (2003); ‘A house haunted by justice: Eichmann in Jerusalem’ 9 Law Text Culture 215 (2005); and ‘The Repatriation Debate and the Discourse of the Commons’ 17(3) Social and Legal Studies Journal (2008).

Andrzej Jakubowski – Black Sea Tomb Raiders and the Practice of International Cultural Exchange: Revisiting the Ethics and Responsibility of Museums

Andrzej Jakubowski serves as Assistant Professor at the Institute of Law Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences (Warsaw). In 2011, he received Ph.D. in Law from European University Institute (Florence). He also holds degrees in International Law and Art History from Warsaw University and a diploma from Fredric G. Levin College of Law, University of Florida. He was a Visiting Fellow at the Max-Planck Institute for Comparative International Private Law (Hamburg) and Visiting Guest at the Max-Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Heidelberg). He collected several professional experiences at different Polish governmental cultural heritage agencies as well as in the National Gallery of Modern Art in Rome and the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice. He is a current member of the ILA Committee on Cultural Heritage Law. His research interests focus on different aspects of international cultural heritage law, in particular the topics of restitution, repatriation of cultural material in cases of state succession and armed conflicts..

Derek Fincham – The Italian efforts to initiate forfeiture proceedings of the Fano Athelete/Getty Bronze in Italy

Dr. Fincham is an assistant professor at South Texas College of Law where he teaches art law and legal writing. He earned his PhD from the University of Aberdeen, King's College, for his dissertation examining the response of the United States and United Kingdom to the illicit trade in art and antiquities. He holds a JD from Wake Forest University, and a BA in History from the University of Kansas. He has lectured on ARCA's Postgraduate certificate program in art crime and cultural heritage protection since 2009. He regularly blogs on heritage issues at

Antonio Roma Valdes – Illicit trafficking of cultural heritage as a crime. The role of the judiciary

Antonio Roma. León, Spain, 1967. Degree in Law in Alcalá de Henares, 1990. Master if Advanced Studies in Criminal Ley in UNED, 2002. Doctor in History in Santiago de Compostela, 2008. Public prosecutor since 1994. Specialist in International Judicial Cooperation, crimes against cultural heritage, urbanism and cybercrime. Professor of Procedural Law in University of A Coruña since 2008.

Panel 5

Roger Atwood – Heritage and Development: A View from Central America

Journalist Roger Atwood is a Contributing Editor at Archaeology magazine, a publication of the Archaeological Institute of America, and author of Stealing History: Tomb Raiders, Smugglers and the Looting of the Ancient World (New York: St Martin’s Press, 2004). He has written widely on heritage issues, including for National Geographic, The New York Times, The Guardian, Scientific American and The Times Literary Supplement. He is a London correspondent for the New York-based magazine ARTnews and has held an Alicia Patterson Fellowship and a Knight International Press Fellowship. He holds a B.A. in history from the University of Massachusetts and a Masters in international public policy from Johns Hopkins University.

David Gill – Title to be confirmed

Professor David Gill is Head of the Division of Humanities and Professor of Archaeological Heritage at University Campus Suffolk. He is a former Rome Scholar at the British School at Rome, and was a Sir James Knott Fellow at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. He was previously a member of the Department of Antiquities at the Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge, and Reader in Mediterranean Archaeology at Swansea University (where he also chaired the university's e-learning sub-committee). He is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. He is the holder of the 2012 Archaeological Institute of America (AIA) Outstanding Public Service Award, and the 2012 SAFE Beacon Award.

Kristin – Indigenous Sacred Objects: Trade and Stewardship Issues

Kristin Hausler has been a research fellow in public international law at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law in London since 2007. Currently, she is also a member of the Cultural Heritage Committee of the International Law Association. Before joining the Institute, Kristin worked for several years on a repatriation project involving cultural institutions and Indigenous peoples in Canada. She holds a Bachelor and Master of Law from the University of Fribourg (Switzerland) and an LL.M. from the University of British Columbia (Canada), where she wrote her thesis on the resolution of cultural property disputes. She is also a graduate from the Christie's art course in New York.

Lorna Gillies – Help or Hindrance? The Utility of the Conflict of Laws Process in Claims for the Return of Cultural Objects Wrongfully Removed

Lorna is a Senior Lecturer in Law at the School of Law, University of Leicester. Lorna’s principal and current research interests focus on the commercial aspects of international private law/conflict of laws, in particular the influence of the EU on the reform and development of international private law theory and practice. Recent publications include “Creation of Subsidiary Jurisdiction Rules in the Recast of Brussels I: Back to the Drawing Board?” 2012 Journal of Private International Law 8(3), 489; “Jurisdiction for Cross-Border Breach of Personality and Defamation under Article 5(3) of Regulation EC 44/2001: e-Date Advertising and Martinez,” (2012) (61) ICLQ 1007 and “The EU Optional Instrument: Absorbing the Private International Law Implications of a Common European Sales Law,” with M Kenny and J Devenney, Yearbook of Private International Law, Volume 13 (2011), 315-344, Sellier European Law Publishers, Germany, 2012

Panel 6

Carolyn Shelbourn – Prosecuting heritage offences - a cautionary tale

Carolyn Shelbourn is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Law at the University of Sheffield. Her principal research interest is the law relating to the protection of the built historic heritage, and particularly a comparison of the law and practice of England and the United States. She has a particular interest in the way the law is enforced, through regulatory, civil and criminal proceedings.

Jessica Dietzler – Title to be confirmed

Ph.D. researcher, The Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research, School of Social and Political Sciences, University of Glasgow

Charlotte Woodhead – Title: Stewardship and moral title: viable legal concepts?

Charlotte Woodhead is the City Solicitors’ Educational Trust Assistant Professor in the School of Law at the University of Warwick in Contract Law and she is a non-practising barrister. Her recent research focuses on the legal and quasi legal recognition of cultural heritage principles and norms. She has written articles on the restitution and repatriation of objects from museum collections, in particular in the context of claims made to the Spoliation Advisory Panel for Nazi Era cultural objects and claims against museums for the repatriation of human remains.

Andreas Pantazatos – The Normative Framework of Stewardship: Care and Respect

Andreas Pantazatos is one of the Directors of the Centre for Ethics of Cultural Heritage (CECH) at Durham University and teaches Moral Theory and Applied Ethics (including an MA module on the Ethics of Archaeology and Cultural Heritage) at Durham's Department of Philosophy. Dr Pantazatos' research focuses on the philosophy of archaeology focusing on the ethics, aesthetics and epistemology of archaeology. He is currently writing a book on the ethics of archaeological stewardship and the distinction between thin and thick stewardship, arguing that an ethic of stewardship can provide robust normative guidance if it is founded on our understanding of care, and more precisely on duty to care. His focus on the ethics of archaeological stewardship led him to investigate the neglected role of aesthetics in accounts of archaeological stewardship. From June 2013, Andreas will be pursuing research on this topic under the auspices of the AHRC project 'Ethics and Aesthetics of Archaeological Stewardship'. Andreas is also writing in an edited volume entitled 'Immigration and Ethics of Cultural Heritage.’


Francesca Fiorentini

Ph.D. 2004 (Trento, Italy). Since 2007: Assistant Professor in Private Comparative Law at University of Trieste (Italy), Department of Legal Studies, Language, Interpreting and Translation Studies. From October 2004 to July 2007: Research Associate at the Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht of Hamburg (Germany), within the network “Study Group on a European Civil Code” – Group on Personal and Proprietary Security Rights (directed by Prof. Dr. Ulrich Drobnig). Former Marie Curie Fellow at the Zentrum für Europäisches Rechtspolitik (ZERP) of the University of Bremen (Germany) (Jan. 2006 – March 2007).

Member of the SIRD (Italian Society for the Research in Comparative Law – National Committee of the International Association of Legal Sciences). Participation in the international scientific project “The Common Core of European Private Law”, under the direction of Proff. Mauro Bussani (Trieste) and Ugo Mattei (Torino and Hastings), as co-editor of a book on “Security Rights over Immovables in the European Law”. Author of the book “Le garanzie immobiliari in diritto europeo. Studio di diritto comparato”, Bern, Staempfli, 2009. Co-editor (with Prof. Luisa Antoniolli, Trento) of the collective book “The Factual Assessment of the Draft Common Frame of Reference”, Sellier, 2010.

Main research fields: Comparative Law, European Private Law, Comparative Property Law, Comparative Secured Transactions Law, Cultural Property Law.

Riah Pryor

Researcher and journalist, The Art Newspaper.

Paul Stevenson

Barrister, Tanfield Chambers, 2-5 Warwick Court, London WCIR 5DJ. Paul has a particular interest in practice which cuts across his areas of expertise, with a focus on the law of partnerships and the law of restrictive covenants and confidentiality. Paul also has a significant interest in art law and cultural heritage and the protection and return of unique and high-value items.

Charlotte Barratt

Charlotte Barratt holds a BA(hons) in Art History from the University of Wales (Aberystwyth), a MA in Museum Studies from the University of Leicester and is currently studying for a Masters by Research. She is a member of Leicester University and is also a trustee for the City of Leicester Museums Trust. She is the author of How Museums See Their Role in the Community: How Deprived Communities Can Benefit From Engagement.

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Vulnerability and Cultural Heritage


Thursday: £10.00
Friday: free upon registration
(Free to members of the Museums Association, the Collections Trust, English Heritage or staff and research students at Leicester University)

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Thursday: Garendon Room, fourth floor, Charles Wilson Building, Leicester University
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