NS3016: Evolution


Genotypes and Phenotypes

Credits: 15

Length: 5 weeks

Module Synopsis:

Evolution by Natural Selection is the fundamental theorem of the biosciences, and it is a concept which is increasingly applied to other areas including computing, economics and statistics. This module aims to introduce the fundamental concept of evolution by selective adaptation and then to analyse an in-depth example of evolutionary change.

Learning Objectives:

  • Descent with Modification
  • Genetic Mutation
  • Meiosis, Recombination and Variation
  • Mutation Rates
  • Sexual and Lateral Gene Transfer
  • Genetic Variation; Variation in Genetically Complex Traits
  • Gene Flow
  • Phenotypic Evolution
  • Species and Speciation
  • Phylogeny
  • Features of Novelty; Changes that Result in Novelty; Natural Selection and Novelty
  • Fossil Preservation
  • Major Evolutionary Events
  • Mega-, Macro- and Micro- Evolution in the Fossil Record
  • Hardy-Weinberg Frequencies
  • Finite Populations
  • Maintenance of Variation by: Mutation, Non-Random Mating and Linkage
  • Selection
  • Quantitative Genetics and Genetic Algorithms
  • The Interaction Between Selection and Other Forces
  • Human Evolution: The Palaeoanthropological Record and Out of Africa
  • DNA Sequencing
  • Human and Neanderthal DNA Sequence Comparison
  • Fossil DNA

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