Dr Andrew Johnstone

Andrew Johnstone

Associate Professor of American History

  • Tel: +44 (0)116 252 2861
  • Office: Attenborough Tower 615

Personal details

I received my BA in History from the University of Liverpool and my postgraduate study (MPhil and PhD) was undertaken at the University of Birmingham. My research and teaching interests are in twentieth century US history, with a particular focus on political and diplomatic history.

Teaching

My teaching focuses on 20th Century US History, and I have previously taught modules including:

  • American History from 1877 to the Present
  • US Foreign Policy
  • The USA and the Vietnam War
  • The Presidency of Franklin D Roosevelt

I also contribute to team-taught American Studies modules on The West and The City.

Publications

Books

  1. (Co-edited with Andrew Priest) US Presidential Elections and Foreign Policy: Candidates, Campaigns, and Global Politics from FDR to Bill Clinton (University Press of Kentucky, 2017)
  2. Against Immediate Evil: American Internationalists and the Four Freedoms on the Eve of World War II (Cornell University Press, 2014)
  3. (Co-edited with Helen Laville) The US Public and American Foreign Policy (Routledge, 2010)
  4. Dilemmas of Internationalism: the American Association for the United Nations and US Foreign Policy, 1941-1948 (Ashgate, 2009)

Articles and chapters

  1. 'Preserving Peace and Neutrality' in Brooke Blower and Andrew Preston (eds), The Cambridge History of America and the World, Volume 3; 1900-1945 (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming)
  2. 'U.S. Foreign Relations during World War II' in Christopher R. W. Dietrich (ed.), A Companion to the History of U.S. Foreign Relations: Colonial Era to Present (Wiley-Blackwell, 2020)
  3. 'The Perils of Perfectionism: American Reaction to the Dumbarton Oaks Proposals', Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 54, 2, (2019): 284-302. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022009418771755
  4. 'Spinning War and Peace: Foreign Relations and Public Relations on the Eve of World War II', Journal of American Studies, Vol. 53, 1, (2019): 223-251. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021875817001293
  5. '"A Godsend to the Country?" Roosevelt, Willkie, and the Election of 1940' in Andrew Johnstone and Andrew Priest (eds), US Presidential Elections and Foreign Policy: Candidates, Campaigns, and Global Politics from FDR to Bill Clinton (University Press of Kentucky, 2017)
  6. 'Before the Water's Edge: Domestic Politics and U.S Foreign Relations,' Passport: The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations Review, Vol. 45, 3, (2015):  25-29.
  7. 'Shaping our Post-war Foreign Policy: The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Promotion of the United Nations Organisation During World War II', Global Society, Vol. 28, 1, (2014): 24-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13600826.2013.848185
  8. 'The United States and the United Nations: Hegemony, Unilateralism and the Limits of Internationalism' in Bevan Sewell and Scott Lucas (eds), Challenging US Foreign Policy: America and the World in the Long Twentieth Century (Palgrave, 2011)
  9. 'Creating a "Democratic Foreign Policy": The State Department's Division of Public Liaison and Public Opinion, 1944-1953', Diplomatic History, Vol. 35, 3, (2011): 483-503. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7709.2011.00960.x
  10. 'Isolationism and Internationalism in American Foreign Relations', Journal of Transatlantic Studies, Vol. 9, 1, (2011): 7-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14794012.2011.550772
  11. 'To Mobilize a Nation: Citizens' Organizations and Intervention on the Eve of World War II' in Andrew Johnstone and Helen Laville (eds), The US Public and American Foreign Policy (Routledge, 2010)
  12. 'Americans Disunited: Americans United for World Organization and the Triumph of Internationalism', Journal of American Studies, Vol. 44, 1, (2010): 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002187580999079X
  13. 'Clark Eichelberger and the Negotiation of Internationalism during World War II' in Helen Laville and Hugh Wilford (eds), The US Government, Citizen Groups and the Cold War (Routledge, 2006)

Research

My research focuses on 20th-century US foreign policy, particularly on the theme of US internationalism, and on relations between the state and private spheres in creating and mobilising support for US foreign policy.

Current projects

My current research project examines the relationship between the rise of the American public relations industry and the concurrent rise of the United States as a world power in the twentieth century. This project offers the first comprehensive analysis of the relationship between these two trends, which reveals an important history of powerful but unelected influence over public opinion and corporate connections to government. Tracing the involvement of public relations firms through the “American century,” the project highlights how public relations firms influenced government but also clashed with it, and how they offered techniques to manage and manipulate opinion on foreign relations still used today. The project evolved out of my previous work, and the first work from it can be seen in my 2019 article “Spinning War and Peace” in the Journal of American Studies.

My most recent book was a co-edited volume (with Andrew Priest) entitled US Presidential Elections and Foreign Policy. It examines how the relationship between foreign policy and electoral politics evolved through the latter half of the twentieth century. Covering all presidential elections from 1940 to 1992—from debates over American entry into World War II to the aftermath of the Cold War—the contributors correct the conventional wisdom that domestic issues and the economy are always definitive. Together they demonstrate that, while international concerns were more important in some campaigns than others, foreign policy always matters and is often decisive. This illuminating commentary fills a significant gap in the literature on presidential and electoral politics, emphasizing that candidates’ positions on global issues have a palpable impact on American foreign policy.

In 2014 I published Against Immediate Evil, a study of US internationalism in the years immediately prior to Pearl Harbor. The completion of the book was supported by an Early Career Fellowship from the Arts and Humanities Research Council. In the years immediately preceding the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the majority of Americans wanted no direct involvement with the ongoing wars in Asia and Europe. However, this project focuses on organised groups of influential American citizens who argued for restrictions on trade with Japan, greater military support to Britain, and even an American declaration of war long before the Hawaiian attack. These internationalist Americans - through groups such as the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies, Fight for Freedom, and the American Committee for Non-Participation in Japanese Aggression - worked to influence both the American Government and the broader American public about the need for greater American involvement in world affairs. They actively promoted a more global role for the United States long before war came to America.

In 2016-17 I held a British Academy Rising Star Engagement Award entitled "The US and US: American History in Britain in the 21st Century." This enabled me to create two events (in Leicester and London) to develop the skills of early career historians of the United States based in Britain.

 

Supervision

  • Twentieth century US political and diplomatic history
  • The Presidency of Franklin Roosevelt, particularly World War II
  • The US and the Vietnam War

    Preserving Peace and Neutrality

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