Publications by the TIMMS research group


  1. Alati R, Smith GD, Lewis SJ, Sayal K, Draper ES, Golding J, Fraser R, Gray R. Effect of prenatal alcohol exposure on childhood academic outcomes: contrasting maternal and paternal associations in the ALSPAC Study. PLOS One 2013;8(10):e74844.
  2. Barisic I, Odak L, Loane M, Garne E, Wellesley D, Calzolari E, Dolk H, Addor MC, Arriola L, Bergman J, Bianca S, Boyd PA,Draper ES, Gatt M, Haeusler M, Khoshnood B, Latos-Bielenska A, McDonnell B, Pierini A, Rankin J, Rissmann A, Queisser-Luft A, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Stone D, Tenconi R. Fraser Syndrome: epidemiological study in a European population. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 2013;161A(5):1012-1018.
  3. Beer C, Israel C, Johnson S, Marlow N, Whitelaw A, Glazebrook C. Twin birth: An additional risk factor for poorer quality maternal interactions with very preterm infants? Early Human Development 2013;89(8):555-559.
  4. Bonet M, Smith LK, Pilkington H, Draper ES, Zeitlin J. Neighbourhood deprivation and very preterm birth in an English and French cohort. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013;13:97.
  5. Boyle JD, Boyle EM. Born just a few weeks early: does it matter? Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2013;98(1):F85-F88.
  6. Burge DM, Shah K, Spark P, Shenker N, Pierce M, Kurinczuk JJ, Draper ES, Johnson PRV, Knight M, BAPS CASS. Contemporary management and outcomes for infants born with oesophageal atresia. British Journal of Surgery 2013;100(4):515-521.
  7. Chappell LC, Calderwood C, Kenyon S, Draper ES, Knight M. Understanding patterns in maternity care in the NHS and getting it right. BMJ 2013;346.
  8. Durrmeyer X, Hummler H, Sanchez-Luna M, Carnielli VP, Field D, Greenough A, Van Overmeire B, Jonsson B, Hallman M, Mercier JC, Marlow N, Johnson S, Baldassarre J, European Union Nitric Oxide Study. Two-year outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of inhaled nitric oxide in premature infants. Pediatrics 2013;132(3):E695-E703.
  9. Evans TA, Seaton SE, Manktelow BN. Quantifying the potential bias when directly comparing Standardised Mortality Ratios for in-unit neonatal mortality. PLOS One 2013;8(4):e0061237.
  10. Gilmore C, Attridge N, Clayton S, Cragg L, Johnson S, Marlow N, Simms V, Inglis M. Individual differences in inhibitory control, not non-verbal number acuity, correlate with mathematics achievement. PLOS One 2013;8(6):e0067374.
  11. Hinchliffe SR, Seaton SE, Lambert PC, Draper ES, Field DJ, Manktelow BN. Modelling time to death or discharge in neonatal care: an application of competing risks. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2013;27(4):426-433.
  12. Johnson S, Wolke D. Behavioural outcomes and psychopathology during adolescence. Early Human Development 2013;89(4):199-207.
  13. Khoshnood B, Loane M, Garne E, Addor MC, Arriola L, Bakker M, Barisic I, Bianca S, Boyd P, Calzolari E, Doray B, Draper E, Gatt M, Haeusler M, Melve KK, Latos-Bielenska A, McDonnell B, Mullaney C, Nelen V, O'Mahony M, Pierini A, Queisser-Luft A, Randrianaivo H, Rankin J, Rissmann A, Salvador J, Tucker D, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Wellesley D, Zymak-Zakutnya N, Dolk H. Recent decrease in the prevalence of congenital heart defects in Europe. Journal of Pediatrics 2013;162(1):108-113.
  14. Loane M, Morris J, Addor M-C, Arriola L, Budd J, Doray B, Garne E, Gatt M, Haeusler M, Khoshnood B, Klungsoyr Melve K, Latos- Bielenska A, McDonnell R, Mullaney C, O'Mahony M, Queisser-Wahrendorf A, Rankin J, Rissmann A, Rounding C, Salvador J, Tucker D, Wellesley D, Yevtushok L and Dolk H (2013). Twenty-year trends in the prevalence of Down syndrome and other trisomies in Europe: impact of maternal age and prenatal screening. European Journal of Human Genetics. 21: 27-33.
  15. Manktelow BN, Seaton SE, Field DJ, Draper ES. Population-based estimates of in-unit survival for very preterm infants. Pediatrics 2013;131(2):E425-E432.
  16. McShane P, Draper ES, McKinney PA, McFadzean J, Parslow RC, Paediatric Intensive Care Audit Network. Effects of out-of-hours and winter admissions and number of patients per unit on mortality in pediatric intensive care. Journal of Pediatrics 2013;163(4):1039-1044.
  17. Palmer SR, Evans A, Broughton H, Huddart S, Drayton M, Rankin J, Draper ES, Cameron A, Paranjothy S. The role of maternal stress in early pregnancy in the aetiology of gastroschisis: an incident case control study. PLOS One 2013;8(11):e0080103.
  18. Patel P, Mulla H, Kairamkonda V, Spooner N, Gade S, Della Pasqua O, Field DJ, Pandya HC. Dried blood spots and sparse sampling: a practical approach to estimating pharmacokinetic parameters of caffeine in preterm infants. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2013;75(3):805-813.
  19. Petrou S, Johnson S, Wolke D, Marlow N. The association between neurodevelopmental disability and economic outcomes during mid-childhood. Child Care Health and Development 2013;39(3):345-357.
  20. Poulsen G, Wolke D, Kurinczuk JJ, Boyle EM, Field D, Alfirevic Z, Quigley MA. Gestational Age and Cognitive Ability in Early Childhood: a Population-based Cohort Study. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2013;27(4):371-379.
  21. Sayal K, Draper ES, Fraser R, Barrow M, Smith GD, Gray R. Light drinking in pregnancy and mid-childhood mental health and learning outcomes. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2013;98(2):107-111.
  22. Seaton SE, Barker L, Lingsma HF, Steyerberg EW, Manktelow BN. What is the probability of detecting poorly performing hospitals using funnel plots? BMJ Quality & Safety 2013;22(10):870-876.
  23. Seaton SE, King S, Manktelow BN, Draper ES, Field DJ. Babies born at the threshold of viability: changes in survival and workload over 20 years. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2013;98(1):F15-F20.
  24. SIFT Investigators Group. Early enteral feeding strategies for very preterm infants: current evidence from Cochrane reviews. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2013;98(6):F470-F472.
  25. Simms V, Cragg L, Gilmore C, Marlow N, Johnson S. Mathematics difficulties in children born very preterm: current research and future directions. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2013;98(5):F457-F463.
  26. Simms V, Gilmore C, Cragg L, Marlow N, Wolke D, Johnson S. Mathematics difficulties in extremely preterm children: evidence of a specific deficit in basic mathematics processing. Pediatric Research 2013;73(2):236-244.
  27. Smith L, Draper ES, Manktelow BN, Pritchard C, Field DJ. Comparing regional infant death rates: the influence of preterm births < 24 weeks of gestation. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2013;98(2):F103-F107.
  28. Tully I, Draper E, Lamming C, Matthison D, Thomas C, Appleton R, Martland T. Children with refractory convulsive status epilepticus admitted to intensive care in England and Wales: a two-year national epidemiological study. Epilepsia 2013;54:116-116.
  29. Zuccolo L, Lewis SJ, Smith GD, Sayal K, Draper ES, Fraser R, Barrow M, Alati R, Ring S, Macleod J, Golding J, Heron J, Gray R. Prenatal alcohol exposure and offspring cognition and school performance. A 'Mendelian randomization' natural experiment. International Journal of Epidemiology 2013;42(5):1358-1370.


  1. Best KE, Tennant PWG, Addor MC, Bianchi F, Boyd P, Calzolari E, Dias CM, Doray B, Draper E, Garne E, Gatt M, Greenlees R, Haeusler M, Khoshnood B, McDonnell B, Mullaney C, Nelen V, Randrianaivo H, Rissmann A, Salvador J, Tucker D, Wellesley D, Rankin J. Epidemiology of small intestinal atresia in Europe: a register-based study. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2012;97(5):F353-F358.
  2. Boyle EM. The late and moderate preterm baby. Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine 2012;17(3):119.
  3. Boyle EM, Poulsen G, Field DJ, Kurinczuk JJ, Wolke D, Alfirevic Z, Quigley MA. Effects of gestational age at birth on health outcomes at 3 and 5 years of age: population based cohort study. BMJ 2012;344.
  4. Costeloe KL, Hennessy EM, Haider S, Stacey F, Marlow N, Draper ES. Short term outcomes after extreme preterm birth in England: comparison of two birth cohorts in 1995 and 2006 (the EPICure studies). BMJ 2012;345.
  5. Cuttini M, Ferrante P, Mirante N, Chiandotto V, Fertz M, Dall'Oglio AM, Coletti MF, Johnson S. Cognitive assessment of very preterm infants at 2-year corrected age: Performance of the Italian version of the PARCA-R parent questionnaire. Early Human Development 2012;88(3):159-163.
  6. Draper ES, Alfirevic Z, Stacey F, Hennessy E, Costeloe K, EPICure Study Group. An investigation into the reporting and management of late terminations of pregnancy (between 22(+0) and 26(+6) weeks of gestation) within NHS Hospitals in England in 2006: the EPICure preterm cohort study. BJOG-an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2012;119(6):710-715.
  7. Guillén U, Cummings JJ, Bell EF, Hosono S, Frantz AR, Maier RF, Whyte RK, Boyle E, Vento M, Widness JA, Kirpalani H. International survey of transfusion practices for extremely premature infants. Semin Perinatol. 2012;36(4):244-247
  8. Harijan P, Beer C, Glazebrook C, Israel C, Marlow N, Whitelaw A, Johnson S. Predicting developmental outcomes in very preterm infants: validity of a neonatal neurobehavioral assessment. Acta Paediatrica 2012;101(7):e275-e281.
  9. Harijan PBoyle EM. Health outcomes in infancy and childhood of moderate and late preterm infants. Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine 2012;17(3):159-162.
  10. Howe DT, Rankin J, Draper ES. Schizencephaly prevalence, prenatal diagnosis and clues to etiology: a register-based study. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology 2012;39(1):75-82.
  11. Johnson S, Marlow N, Wolke D. Assessing educational outcomes in middle childhood: validation of the Teacher Academic Attainment Scale. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2012;54(6):544-551.
  12. Manktelow BNSeaton SE. Specifying the probability characteristics of funnel plot control limits: an investigation of three approaches. PLOS One 2012;7(9):e45723.
  13. McGrother CW, Donaldson MMK, Thompson J, Wagg A, Tincello DG, Manktelow BN. Etiology of overactive bladder: A diet and lifestyle model for diabetes and obesity in older women. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2012;31(4):487-495.
  14. Moore T, Hennessy EM, Myles J, Johnson SJDraper ES, Costeloe KL, Marlow N. Neurological and developmental outcome in extremely preterm children born in England in 1995 and 2006: the EPICure studies. BMJ 2012;345.
  15. Moore T, Johnson S, Haider S, Hennessy E, Marlow N. Relationship between test scores obtained using the second and third editions of the Bayley Scales in extremely preterm children. Journal of Pediatrics 2012, 160(4), 553-8.
  16. Moore T, Johnson S, Hennessy E, Marlow N. Screening for autism in extremely preterm infants: problems in interpretation. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2012;54(6):514-520.
  17. Overton TG, Pierce MR, Gao HY, Kurinczuk JJ, Spark P, Draper ES, Marven S, Brocklehurst P, Knight M. Antenatal management and outcomes of gastroschisis in the UK. Prenatal Diagnosis 2012;32(13):1256-1262.
  18. Paranjothy S, Broughton H, Evans A, Huddart S, Drayton M, Jefferson R, Rankin J, Draper E, Cameron A, Palmer SR. The role of maternal nutrition in the aetiology of gastroschisis: an incident case-control study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2012;41(4):1141-1152.
  19. Poulsen G, Kurinczuk JJ, Wolke D, Boyle EMField D, Alfirevic Z, Quigley MA. Accurate reporting of expected delivery date by mothers 9 months after birth. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey 2012;67(4):217-218.
  20. Quigley MA, Poulsen G, Boyle E, Wolke D, Field D, Revic ZA, Kurinczuk JJ. Early term and late preterm birth are associated with poorer school performance at age 5 years: a cohort study. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2012;97(3):F167-F173.
  21. Schuit E, Hukkelhoven C, Manktelow BN, Papatsonis DNM, de Kleine MJK, Draper ES, Steyerberg EW, Vergouwe Y. Prognostic models for stillbirth and neonatal death in very preterm birth: a validation study. Pediatrics 2012;129(1):E120-E127.
  22. Schuit E, Hukkelhoven CWPM, Manktelow BN, Papatsonis DNM, de Kleine MJK, Draper ES, Steyerberg EW, Vergouwe Y. Voorspellen van sterfte bij zeer premature kinderen. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde 2012;156:A4846.
  23. Seaton SEField DJDraper ESManktelow BN, Smith GCS, Springett A, Smith LK. Socioeconomic inequalities in the rate of stillbirths by cause: a population-based study. BMJ Open 2012;2(3):e001100.
  24. Seaton SEManktelow BN. The probability of being identified as an outlier with commonly used funnel plot control limits for the standardised mortality ratio. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2012;12:98.
  25. Wellesley D, Dolk H, Boyd PA, Greenlees R, Haeusler M, Nelen V, Garne E, Khoshnood B, Doray B, Rissmann A, Mullaney C, Calzolari E, Bakker M, Salvador J, Addor MC, Draper E, Rankin J, Tucker D. Rare chromosome abnormalities, prevalence and prenatal diagnosis rates from population-based congenital anomaly registers in Europe. European Journal of Human Genetics 2012;20(5):521-526.

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