Publications by the TIMMS research group


  1. Bonet M, Cuttini M, Piedvache A, Boyle EM, Jarreau PH, Kollee L, Maier RF, Milligan D, Van Reempts P, Weber T, Barros H, Gadzinowki J, Draper ES, Zeitlin J, Mosaic, EPICE research groups. Changes in management policies for extremely preterm births and neonatal outcomes from 2003 to 2012: two population-based studies in ten European regions. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2017;124(10):1595-604.
  2. Boyle EM. Babies born close to term: Considerations, challenges and outcomes. International Journal of Birth and Parent Education. 2017;4(4):23-8.
  3. Clayton S, Johnson S. The PRISM Studies: improving children’s mathematics skills following very preterm birth. Infant 2017;13(2):73-76.
  4. Delnord M, Hindori-Mohangoo AD, Smith LK, Szamotulska K, Richards JL, Deb-Rinker P, Rouleau J, Velebil P, Zile I, Sakkeus L, Gissler M, Morisaki N, Dolan SM, Kramer MR, Kramer MS, Zeitlin J; Euro-Peristat Scientific Committee. Variations in very preterm birth rates in 30 high-income countries: are valid international comparisons possible using routine data? BJOG. 2017;124(5):785-794.
  5. Draper ES, Manktelow BN, Cuttini M, Maier RF, Fenton AC, Van Reempts P, Bonamy A-K, Mazela J, Borch K, Koopman-Esseboom C, Varendi H, Barros H, Zeitlin J, on behalf of the EPICE Cohort. Variability in very preterm stillbirth and in-hospital mortality across Europe. Pediatrics 2017;139(4):e20161990.
  6. Edstedt Bonamy A-K, Gudmundsdottir A, Maier RF, Toome L, Zeitlin J, Bonet M, Fenton A, Hasselager AB, van Heijst A, Gortner L, Milligan D, Van Reempts P, Boyle EM, Norman M, and collaborators from the EPICE Research Group. Patent ductus arteriosus treatment in very preterm infants: a European population-based cohort study (EPICE) on variation and outcomes. Neonatology 2017;111(4):367-375.
  7. Flenady V, Wojcieszek AM, Ellwood D, Leisher SH, Erwich J, Draper ES, McClure EM, Reinebrant HE, Oats J, McCowan L, Kent AL, Gardener G, Gordon A, Tudehope D, Siassakos D, Storey C, Zuccollo J, Dahlstrom JE, Gold KJ, Gordijn S, Pettersson K, Masson V, Pattinson R, Gardosi J, Khong TY, Froen JF, Silver RM. Classification of causes and associated conditions for stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 2017;22(3):176-85. PubMed PMID: 28285990. Epub 2017/03/14.
  8. Gill JV, Boyle EM. Outcome of infants born near term. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2017;102(2):194-198.
  9. Johnson S, Marlow N. Early and Long term Outcome of Infants born Extremely Preterm. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2017;102(1):97-102.
  10. Lotto RR, Smith LK, Armstrong N. Clinicians' perspectives of parental decision-making following diagnosis of a severe congenital anomaly: a qualitative study. BMJ Open 2017;7:e014716.
  11. Morgan JC, Boyle EMThe late preterm infant. Paediatrics and Child Health. 2018;28(1):13-7.
  12. Norman M, Piedvache A, Borch K, Huusom LD, Bonamy AE, Howell EA, Jarreau PH, Maier RF, Pryds O, Toome L, Varendi H, Weber T, Wilson E, Van Heijst A, Cuttini M, Mazela J, Barros H, Van Reempts P, Draper ES, Zeitlin J. Association of Short Antenatal Corticosteroid Administration-to-Birth Intervals With Survival and Morbidity Among Very Preterm Infants: Results From the EPICE Cohort. JAMA Pediatrics 2017;171(7):678-86.
  13. Norris T, Manktelow BN, Smith LK, Draper ES. Causes and temporal changes in nationally collected stillbirth audit data in high-resource settings. Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 2017;22(3):118-28.
  14. Petrou S, Kim SW, McParland P, Boyle EM. Mode of delivery and long term health-related quality of life outcomes: A prospective population-based study. Birth. 2017;44(2):110-119.
  15. Reinebrant HE, Leisher SH, Coory M, Henry S, Wojcieszek AM, Gardener G, Lourie R, Ellwood D, Teoh Z, Allanson E, Blencowe H, Draper ES, Erwich JJ, Froen JF, Gardosi J, Gold K, Gordijn S, Gordon A, Heazell A, Khong TY, Korteweg F, Lawn JE, McClure EM, Oats J, Pattinson R, Pettersson K, Siassakos D, Silver RM, Smith G, Tuncalp O, Flenady V. Making stillbirths visible: a systematic review of globally reported causes of stillbirth. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2018;125(2):212-24. PubMed PMID: 29193794. Epub 2017/12/02.
  16. Smith LK. Ensuring the Comparability of Infant Mortality Rates: the Impact of the Management of Pre-Viable and Peri-Viable Births. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2017;31(5):392-393.
  17. Smith LK, Blondel B, Van Reempts, Draper ES, Manktelow BN, Barros H, Cuttini M, Zeitlin J, for the EPICE Research Group. Variability in the management and outcomes of extremely preterm births across five European countries: a population-based cohort study. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal Neonatal & Edition. 2017;102(5):F400-F408.
  18. Zeitlin J, Bonamy A-KE, Piedvache A, Cuttini M, Barros H, Van Reempts P, Mazela J, Jarreau P-H, Gortner L, Draper ES, Maier RF, the EPICE Research Group. Variation in term birthweight across European countries affects the prevalence of small for gestational age among very preterm infants. Acta Paediatrica. 2017;106(9):1447-55.


  1. Cavadino A, Prieto-Merino D, Addor M-C, Arriola L, Bianchi F, Draper E, Garne E, Greenlees R, Haeusler M, Khoshnood B, Kurinczuk J, McDonnell B, Nelen V, O'Mahony M, Randrianaivo H, Rankin J, Rissmann A, Tucker D, Verellen-Dumoulin C, de Walle H, Wellesley D, Morris JK. Use of hierarchical models to analyze European trends in congenital anomaly prevalence. Birth Defects Research Part A - Clinical And Molecular Teratology 2016;106(6):480-488.
  2. Field D, Boyle E, Draper E, Evans A, Johnson S, Khan K, Manktelow B, Marlow N, Petrou S, Pritchard C, Seaton S, Smith L. Towards reducing variations in infant mortality and morbidity: a population based approach. Programme Grants for Applied Research 2016:4(1).
  3. Field D, Deeming J, Smith LK . Moral distress: an inevitable part of neonatal and paediatric intensive care? Archives of Disease in Childhood 2016;101(8):686-687.
  4. Field DJ, Spata E, Davies T, Manktelow BN, Johnson S, Boyle EM, Draper ES. Evaluation of the use of a parent questionnaire to provide later health status data: The Panda Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal & Neonatal Edition 2016;101(4):F304-F308.
  5. Johnson S, Kochhar P, Hennessey E, Marlow N, Wolke D, Hollis C. Antecedents of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in children born extremely preterm. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 2016;37(4):285-297.
  6. Johnson S, Marlow N. Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development in The SAGE Encyclopedia of Intellectual and Developmental Disorders. (In press)
  7. Johnson S, Marlow N. Charting the survival, health and development of extremely preterm infants: EPICure and beyond. Paediatrics and Child Health 2016; 26(11):498-504.
  8. Johnson S, Matthews R, Draper ES, Field DJ, Manktelow B, Marlow N, Smith LK, Boyle EM. Eating difficulties in children born late and moderately preterm at 2 years of age: a prospective population-based cohort study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016;103(2):406-414.
  9. Johnson S, Strauss V, Gilmore C, Jaekel J, Marlow N, Wolke D. Learning disabilities among extremely preterm children without neurosensory impairment: Comorbidity, neuropsychological profiles and scholastic outcomes. Early Human Development 2016;103:69-75.
  10. Lotto R, Armstrong N, Smith LK. Care provision during termination of pregnancy following diagnosis of a severe congenital anomaly – a qualitative study of what is important to parents. Midwifery. 2016;43:14-20.
  11. Linsell L, Malouf F, Johnson S, Morris J, Kurinczuk JJ, Marlow N. Prognostic factors for behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders in children born very preterm/very low birth weight: a systematic review. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 2016;37(1):88-102.
  12. Manktelow BN, Evans TA, Seaton SEFunnel plot control limits to identify poorly performing healthcare providers when there is uncertainty in the value of the benchmark. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 2016;25(6):2670-2684.
  13. Mohammed MA, Manktelow BN, Hofer TP. Comparison of four methods for deriving hospital standardised mortality ratios from a single hierarchical logistic regression model. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 2016;25(2):706-715.
  14. Morgan AS, Marlow N, Costeloe K, Draper ES. Investigating increased admissions to neonatal intensive care in England between 1995 and 2006: data linkage study using Hospital Episode Statistics. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2016;16:57.
  15. Morris JK, Rankin J, Draper ES, Kurinczuk JJ, Springett A, Tucker D, Wellesley D, Wreyford B, Wald NJ.  Prevention of neural tube defects in the UK: a missed opportunity. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2016;101(7):604-607.
  16. Morris JK, Rankin J, Garne E, Loane M, Greenlees R, Addor MC, Arriola L, Barisic I, Bergman JE, Csaky-Szunyogh M, Dias C, Draper ES, Gatt M, Khoshnood B, Klungsoyr K, Kurinczuk JJ, Lynch C, McDonnell R, Nelen V, Neville AJ, O'Mahony MT, Pierini A, Randrianaivo H, Rissmann A, Tucker D, Verellen-Dumoulin C, de Walle HE, Wellesley D, Wiesel A, Dolk H Prevalence of microcephaly in Europe: population based study. BMJ 2016;354:i4721
  17. Parekh S, Boyle EM, Guy A, Blaggan S, Manktelow B, Wolke D, Johnson S. Correcting for prematurity affects developmental test scores in infants born late and moderately preterm. Early Human Development 2016;94:1-6.
  18. Seaton SE, Barker L, Jenkins D, Draper ES, Abrams KR, Manktelow BN. What factors predict length of stay in a neonatal unit: a systematic review. BMJ Open 2016;6:e010466.
  19. Seaton SE, Barker L, Draper ES, Abrams KR, Modi N, Manktelow BN, UK Neonatal Collaborative. Modelling neonatal care pathways for babies born preterm: an application of multistate modelling. PLOS ONE 2016;11(10):e0165202.
  20. Simms V, Clayton S, Cragg L, Gilmore C, Johnson S. Explaining the relationship between number line estimation and mathematical achievement: The role of visuo-motor integration and visuo-spatial skills. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 2016;145:22-33.
  21. Smith LK, Field DJ. Infants born at the limits of viability: how management decisions impact on parents and the NHS. Infant 2016; 12(1): 24-27.
  22. Watson SI, Arulampalam W, Petrou S, Marlow N, Morgan AS, Draper ES, Modi, N. The effects of a one-to-one nurse-to-patient ratio on the mortality rate in neonatal intensive care: a retrospective, longitudinal, population-based study. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal & Neonatal Edition 2016;101(3):F195-F200
  23. Zeitlin J, Manktelow BN, Piedvache A, Cuttini M, Boyle E, van Heijst A, Gadzinowski J, Van Reempts P, Huusom L, Weber T, Schmidt S, Barros E, Dillalo D, Toome L, Norman M, Blondel B, Bonet M, Draper ES, Maier RF, and the EPICE Research Group. Use of evidence based practices to improve survival without severe morbidity for very preterm infants: results from the EPICE population based cohort. BMJ 2016;354:i2976.

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