Publications by the TIMMS research group


  1. Abhyankar P, Uny I, Semple K, Wane S, Hagen S, Wilkinson J, Guerrero K, Tincello D, Duncan E, Calveley E, Elders A, McClurg D, Maxwell M. Women's experiences of receiving care for pelvic organ prolapse: a qualitative study. BMC Womens Health. 2019;19(1):45. PubMed PMID: 30876415. Epub 2019/03/17. eng.
  2. Armstrong-Buisseret L, Powers K, Dorling J, Bradshaw L, Johnson S, Mitchell E, Duley L. Randomised trial of cord clamping at very preterm birth: outcomes at 2 years. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2019:fetalneonatal-2019-316912.
  3. Bamber D, Powell C, Long J, Garratt R, Brown J, Rudge S, Morris T, Bhupendra Jaicim N, Plachcinski R, Dyson S, Boyle EM, Turney N, Chessman J, St. James-Roberts I. Parental and health professional evaluations of a support service for parents of excessively crying infants. BMC Health Services Research. 2019;19(1):592.
  4. Bamber D, Gilmore C, Johnson S. Improving educational outcomes for children born preterm: a new approach. Infant. 2019;15(6):229-33.
  5. Best KE, Seaton SE, Draper ES, Field DJ, Kurinczuk JJ, Manktelow BN, Smith LK. Assessing the deprivation gap in stillbirths and neonatal deaths by cause of death: a national population-based study. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2019:fetalneonatal-2018-316124.
  6. Bonnet C, Blondel B, Piedvache A, Wilson E, Bonamy A-KE, Gortner L, Rodrigues C, van Heijst A, Draper ES, Cuttini M, Zeitlin J, the EPICE Research Group. Low breastfeeding continuation to 6 months for very preterm infants: A European multiregional cohort study. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 2019;15(1):e12657.
  7. Dorling J, Abbott J, Berrington J, Bosiak B, Bowler U, Boyle E, Embleton N, Hewer O, Johnson S, Juszczak E, Leaf A, Linsell L, McCormick K, McGuire W, Omar O, Partlett C, Patel M, Roberts T, Stenson B, Townend J. Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants. New England Journal of Medicine. 2019;381(15):1434-43.
  8. Draper ES, Zeitlin J, Manktelow BN, Piedvache A, Cuttini M, Edstedt Bonamy AK, Maier R, Koopman-Esseboom C, Gadzinowski J, Boerch K, van Reempts PV, Varendi H, Johnson SJ. EPICE cohort: two-year neurodevelopmental outcomes after very preterm birth. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2019. PubMed PMID: 31690558. Epub 2019/11/07. eng.
  9. Edstedt Bonamy AK, Zeitlin J, Piedvache A, Maier RF, van Heijst A, Varendi H, Manktelow BN, Fenton A, Mazela J, Cuttini M, Norman M, Petrou S, Reempts PV, Barros H, Draper ES on behalf of the EPICE Research group. Wide variation in severe neonatal morbidity among very preterm infants in European regions. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2019;104(1):F36-F45.
  10. Garratt R, Bamber D, Powell C, Long J, Brown J, Turney N, Chessman J, Dyson S, James-Roberts IS. Parents' experiences of having an excessively crying baby and implications for support services. Journal of Health Visiting. 2019;7(3):132-40.
  11. Johnson S, Bamber D, Bountziouka V, Clayton S, Cragg L, Gilmore C, Griffiths R, Marlow N, Simms V, Wharrad HJ. Improving developmental and educational support for children born preterm: evaluation of an e-learning resource for education professionals. BMJ Open. 2019;9(6):e029720.
  12. Johnson S, Bountziouka V, Brocklehurst P, Linsell L, Marlow N, Wolke D, Manktelow BN. Standardisation of the Parent Report of Children's Abilities-Revised (PARCA-R): a norm-referenced assessment of cognitive and language development at age 2 years. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
  13. Johnson S, Bountziouka V, Linsell L, Brocklehurst P, Marlow N, Wolke D, Manktelow B. Parent Report of Children’s Abilities – Revised (PARCA-R). Technical and Interpretive Manual. University of Leicester, Leicester, 2019
  1. Johnson S, O’Reilly H, Ni Y, Wolke D, Marlow N. Psychiatric Symptoms and Disorders in Extremely Preterm Young Adults at 19 Years of Age and Longitudinal Findings From Middle Childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. In Press.
  2. King M, Ramnarayan P, Seaton SE, Pagel C. Modelling the allocation of paediatric intensive care retrieval teams in England and Wales. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2019:archdischild-2018-316056.
  3. Kumarakulasingam P, McDermott H, Patel N, Boutler L, Tincello DG, Peel D, Moss EL. Acceptability and utilisation of patient-initiated follow-up for endometrial cancer amongst women from diverse ethnic and social backgrounds: A mixed methods study. European Journal of Cancer Care. 2019;0(0):e12997.
  4. Linsell L, Johnson S, Wolke D, Morris J, Kurinczuk JJ, Marlow N. Trajectories of behavior, attention, social and emotional problems from childhood to early adulthood following extremely preterm birth: a prospective cohort study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2019;28(4):531-42.
  5. Liu Y, Mendonça M, Johnson S, O'Reilly H, Bartmann P, Marlow N, Wolke D. Testing the neurodevelopmental, trauma and developmental risk factor models of psychosis using a naturalistic experiment. Psychological Medicine.1-10. Epub 2019/12/09.
  6. Lotto R, Jones I, Seaton SE, Dhannapuneni R, Guerrero R, Lotto A. Congenital Cardiac Surgery and Parental Perception of Risk: A Quantitative Analysis. World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery. 2019;10(6):669-77. PubMed PMID: 31701827.
  7. Marlow N, Doyle LW, Anderson P, Johnson S, Bhatt-Mehta V, Natalucci G, Darlow BA, Davis JM, Turner MA, for the International Neonatal Consortium. Assessment of long-term neurodevelopmental outcome following trials of medicinal products in newborn infants. Pediatric Research. 2019.
  8. Marlow N, Ni Y, Beckmann J, O’Reilly H, Johnson S, Wolke D, Morris JK. Hand preference develops across childhood and adolescence in extremely preterm children: The EPICure Study. Pediatric Neurology. In Press.
  9. Medina Lucena H, Tincello DG. Validation of a water-load protocol to define the pattern of bladder sensation. International Urogynecology Journal. 2019;30(5):767-72.
  10. Medina Lucena H, Williams K, Tincello DG, Lipp A, Shaw C. Evaluation of the IncoStress device for urinary incontinence: a feasibility study and pilot randomised controlled trial. International Urogynecology Journal. 2019;30(8):1365-9.
  11. Modi N, Ashby D, Battersby C, Brocklehurst P, Chivers Z, Costeloe K, Draper ES, Foster V, Kemp J, Majeed A, Murray J, Petrou S, Rogers K, Santhakumaran S, Saxena S, Statnikov Y, Wong H, Young A. Developing routinely recorded clinical data from electronic patient records as a national resource to improve neonatal health care: the Medicines for Neonates research programmeProgramme Grants for Applied Research. 2019;7:6.
  12. Morris JK, Wellesley DG, Barisic I, Addor MC, Bergman JEH, Braz P, Cavero-Carbonell C, Draper ES, Gatt M, Haeusler M, Klungsoyr K, Kurinczuk JJ, Lelong N, Luyt K, Lynch C, O'Mahony MT, Mokoroa O, Nelen V, Neville AJ, Pierini A, Randrianaivo H, Rankin J, Rissmann A, Rouget F, Schaub B, Tucker DF, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Wiesel A, Zymak-Zakutnia N, Lanzoni M, Garne E. Epidemiology of congenital cerebral anomalies in Europe: a multicentre, population-based EUROCAT study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2019. PubMed PMID: 31243007. Epub 2019/06/28. eng.
  13. Muganthan T, Boyle EMEarly childhood health and morbidity, including respiratory function in late preterm and early term births. Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 2019;24(1):48-53.
  14. Obloza A, Teo R, Marriott E, Parker G, Tincello D. Association of baseline severity of lower urinary tract symptoms with the success conservative therapy for urinary incontinence in women. International Urogynecology Journal. 2019;30(5):705-10.
  15. Peters MJ, Khan I, Woolfall K, Deja E, Mouncey PR, Wulff J, Mason A, Agbeko R, Draper ES, Fenn B, Gould DW, Koelewyn A, Klein N, Mackerness C, Martin S, O’Neill L, Ramnarayan P, Tibby S, Tume L, Watkins J, Thorburn K, Wellman P, Harrison DA, Rowan KM. Different temperature thresholds for antipyretic intervention in critically ill children with fever due to infection: the FEVER feasibility RCT. Health Technology Assessment. 2019;23:(5):1-148.
  16. Peters MJ, Woolfall K, Khan I, Deja E, Mouncey PR, Wulff J, Mason A, Agbeko RS, Draper ES, Fenn B, Gould DW, Koelewyn A, Klein N, Mackerness C, Martin S, O’Neill L, Ray S, Ramnarayan P, Tibby S, Thorburn K, Tume L, Watkins J, Wellman P, Harrison DA, Rowan KM, the FEVER Investigators on behalf of the Paediatric Intensive Care Society Study Group. Permissive versus restrictive temperature thresholds in critically ill children with fever and infection: a multicentre randomized clinical pilot trial. Critical Care. 2019;23(1):69.
  17. Pillay T, Modi N, Rivero-Arias O, Manktelow B, Seaton SE, Armstrong N, Draper ES, Dawson K, Paton A, Ismail AQT, Yang M, Boyle EM. Optimising neonatal service provision for preterm babies born between 27 and 31 weeks gestation in England (OPTI-PREM), using national data, qualitative research and economic analysis: a study protocol. BMJ Open. 2019;9(8):e029421.
  18. Ramnarayan P, Evans R, Draper ES, Seaton SE, Wray J, Morris S, Pagel C. Differences in access to Emergency Paediatric Intensive Care and care during Transport (DEPICT): study protocol for a mixed methods study. BMJ Open. 2019;9(7):e028000
  19. Retzler J, Johnson S, Groom M, Hollis C, Budge H, Cragg L. Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: The role of working memory and processing speed. Child Neuropsychology. 2019;25(5):617-35.
  20. Sanghera RS, Boyle EM. Outcomes of infants born near term: not quite ready for the "big wide world"? Minerva Pediatrica. 2019;71(1):47-58. PubMed PMID: 30299031. Epub 2018/10/10. eng.
  21. Seaton SE, Barker L, Draper ES, Abrams KR, Modi N, Manktelow BN. Estimating neonatal length of stay for babies born very preterm. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2019;104(2):F182-F6.
  22. Seaton SE, Draper ES, Abrams KR, Modi N, Manktelow BN. Can we estimate the length of stay of very preterm multiples? Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2019:fetalneonatal-2018-316321.
  23. Smith L, Blondel B, Zeitlin J, the Euro-Peristat Scientific Committee. Producing valid statistics when legislation, culture, and medical practices differ for births at or before the threshold of survival: Report of a European workshop. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology.
  24. St James-Roberts I, Garratt R, Powell C, Bamber D, Long J, Brown J, Morris S, Dyson S, Morris T, Jaicim NB. A support package for parents of excessively crying infants: development and feasibility study. Health Technology Assessment. 2019;23:56.
  25. Trickett J, Johnson S, Wolke D. Behavioural and educational outcomes following extremely preterm birth: Current controversies and future directions. Hot Topics and Controversies in Neonatal Care. In press.
  26. van de Putte R, van Rooij I, Marcelis CLM, Guo M, Brunner HG, Addor MC, Cavero-Carbonell C, Dias CM, Draper ES, Etxebarriarteun L, Gatt M, Haeusler M, Khoshnood B, Klungsoyr K, Kurinczuk JJ, Lanzoni M, Latos-Bielenska A, Luyt K, O'Mahony MT, Miller N, Mullaney C, Nelen V, Neville AJ, Perthus I, Pierini A, Randrianaivo H, Rankin J, Rissmann A, Rouget F, Schaub B, Tucker D, Wellesley D, Wiesel A, Zymak-Zakutnia N, Loane M, Barisic I, de Walle HEK, Roeleveld N, Bergman JEH. Spectrum of congenital anomalies among VACTERL cases: a EUROCAT population-based study. Pediatric Research. 2019. PubMed PMID: 31499513. Epub 2019/09/10. eng.
  27. Wolke D, Johnson S, Mendonça M. The Life Course Consequences of Very Preterm Birth. Annual Review of Developmental Psychology. 2019;1(1):69-92.


  1. Boyle EM. Time to address the knowledge gaps for late preterm birth. Acta Paediatrica. 2018;107(9):1484-5.
  2. Boyle B, Addor M-C, Arriola L, Barisic I, Bianchi F, Csáky-Szunyogh M, de Walle HEK, Dias CM, Draper E, Gatt M, Garne E, Haeusler M, Källén K, Latos-Bielenska A, McDonnell B, Mullaney C, Nelen V, Neville AJ, O’Mahony M, Queisser-Wahrendorf A, Randrianaivo H, Rankin J, Rissmann A, Ritvanen A, Rounding C, Tucker D, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Wellesley D, Wreyford B, Zymak-Zakutnia N, Dolk H. Estimating Global Burden of Disease due to congenital anomaly: an analysis of European data. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2018;103(1):F22-F8.
  3. Boyle EM, Bradshaw J, Blake KI. Persistent pain in neonates: challenges in assessment without the aid of a clinical tool. Acta Paediatrica. 2018;107(1):63-7.
  4. Carter J, Tribe RM, Sandall J, Shennan AH, Alfirevic Z, Adamson C, Bennett P, Bonney EA, Care AG, Chandiramani M, Daly S, David AL, Francis HC, Ganapathy R, Girling J, Greenwold N, Hezelgrave NL, Hillman C, Hoveyda F, James CP, Jolly M, Kelly T, Malarselvi M, Manktelow BN, Patni S, Selman T, Shankar LR, Sharp A, Simpson N, Stock SJ, Terzidou V, Tezcan B, Tydeman G, Vecsei FA, the UK Preterm Clinical Network. The Preterm Clinical Network (PCN) Database: a web-based systematic method of collecting data on the care of women at risk of preterm birth. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2018;18(1):335.
  5. Davis PJ, Fenton AC, Stutchfield CJ, Draper ES. Rising infant mortality rates in England and Wales-we need to understand gestation specific mortality. BMJ. 2018;361:k1936. PubMed PMID: 29739766. Epub 2018/05/10. eng.
  6. Garne E, Rissmann A, Addor MC, Barisic I, Bergman J, Braz P, Cavero-Carbonell C, Draper ES, Gatt M, Haeusler M, Klungsoyr K, Kurinczuk JJ, Lelong N, Luyt K, Lynch C, O'Mahony MT, Mokoroa O, Nelen V, Neville AJ, Pierini A, Randrianaivo H, Rankin J, Rouget F, Schaub B, Tucker D, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Wellesley D, Wiesel A, Zymak-Zakutnia N, Lanzoni M, Morris JK. Epidemiology of septo-optic dysplasia with focus on prevalence and maternal age - A EUROCAT study. European Journal of Medical Genetics. 2018;61(9):483-8. PubMed PMID: 29753093. Epub 2018/05/13. eng.
  7. Gilmore C, Clayton S, Cragg L, McKeaveney C, Simms V, Johnson S. Understanding arithmetic concepts: The role of domain-specific and domain-general skills. PLOS ONE. 2018;13(9):e0201724.
  8. Gurol-Urganci I, Geary RS, Mamza JB, Duckett J, El-Hamamsy D, Dolan L, Tincello DG, van der Meulen J. Long-term Rate of Mesh Sling Removal Following Midurethral Mesh Sling Insertion Among Women With Stress Urinary Incontinence. JAMA. 2018;320(16):1659-69.
  9. Homer T, Shen J, Vale L, McColl E, Tincello DG, Hilton P, Armstrong N, Brennand C, Howel D, Bryant A, Lucas M, Buckley B, Chapple C, on behalf of the INVESTIGATE-I studies group. Invasive urodynamic testing prior to surgical treatment for stress urinary incontinence in women: cost-effectiveness and value of information analyses in the context of a mixed methods feasibility study. Pilot and Feasibility Studies. 2018;4(1):67
  10. Johnson, SJ;Marlow, N, Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, In: 'The SAGE Encyclopedia of Intellectual and Developmental Disorders', 2018.
  11. Johnson S, Waheed G, Manktelow BN, Field DJ, Marlow N, Draper ES, Boyle EM. Differentiating the Preterm Phenotype: Distinct Profiles of Cognitive and Behavioral Development Following Late and Moderately Preterm Birth. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2018;193:85-92.e1.
  12. Knight M, Draper ES, Kurinczuk JJ. Key messages from the UK Perinatal Confidential Enquiry into term, singleton, intrapartum stillbirth and intrapartum-related neonatal death 2017. Obstetrician & Gynaecologist. 2018;20(1):77-9.
  13. Linsell L, Johnson S, Wolke D, O’Reilly H, Morris JK, Kurinczuk JJ, Marlow N. Cognitive trajectories from infancy to early adulthood following birth before 26 weeks of gestation: a prospective, population-based cohort study. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2018;103(4):363-70.
  14. Long J, Powell C, Bamber D, Garratt R, Brown J, Dyson S, James-Roberts IS. Development of materials to support parents whose babies cry excessively: findings and health service implications. Primary Health Care Research & Development. 2018;19(4):320-32. Epub 01/10.
  15. Lotto R, Smith LK, Armstrong N. Diagnosis of a severe congenital anomaly: A qualitative analysis of parental decision making and the implications for healthcare encounters. Health Expectations. 2018;21(3):678-84.
  16. Maier RF, Blondel B, Piedvache A, Misselwitz B, Petrou S, Van Reempts P, Franco F, Barros H, Gadzinowski J, Boerch K, van Heijst A, Draper ES, Zeitlin J, for the MOSAIC and EPICE Research Groups. Duration and Time Trends in Hospital Stay for Very Preterm Infants Differ Across European Regions. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2018;19(12):1153-61. PubMed PMID: 30334907. PMCID: PMC6282674. Epub 2018/10/20. eng.
  17. Morgan JC, Boyle EMThe late preterm infant. Paediatrics and Child Health. 2018;28(1):13-7.
  18. Morris JK, Springett AL, Greenlees R, Loane M, Addor MC, Arriola L, Barisic I, Bergman JEH, Csaky-Szunyogh M, Dias C, Draper ES, Garne E, Gatt M, Khoshnood B, Klungsoyr K, Lynch C, McDonnell R, Nelen V, Neville AJ, O'Mahony M, Pierini A, Queisser-Luft A, Randrianaivo H, Rankin J, Rissmann A, Kurinczuk J, Tucker D, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Wellesley D, Dolk H. Trends in congenital anomalies in Europe from 1980 to 2012. PLOS ONE. 2018;13(4):e0194986. PubMed PMID: 29621304. PMCID: PMC5886482. Epub 2018/04/06. eng.
  19. Norris T, Johnson W, Petherick E, Cameron N, Oddie S, Johnson S, Wright J, Draper E, Baker PN. Investigating the relationship between fetal growth and academic attainment: secondary analysis of the Born in Bradford (BiB) cohort. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2018;47(5):1475-84.
  20. Norris T, Seaton SE, Manktelow BN, Baker PN, Kurinczuk JJ, Field D, Draper ES, Smith LK. Updated birth weight centiles for England and Wales. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2018;103(6):F577-F82.
  21. Powell C, Bamber D, Long J, Garratt R, Brown J, Rudge S, Morris T, Bhupendra Jaicim N, Plachcinski R, Dyson S, Boyle EM, St James-Roberts I. Mental health and well-being in parents of excessively crying infants: Prospective evaluation of a support package. Child: Care, Health and Development. 2018;44(4):607-15.
  22. Ramnarayan P, Dimitriades K, Freeburn L, Kashyap A, Dixon M, Barry PW, Claydon-Smith K, Wardhaugh A, Lamming CR, Draper ES. Interhospital Transport of Critically Ill Children to PICUs in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland: Analysis of an International Dataset. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2018;19(6):e300-e11. PubMed PMID: 29432405. Epub 2018/02/13. eng
  23. Reinebrant HE, Leisher SH, Coory M, Henry S, Wojcieszek AM, Gardener G, Lourie R, Ellwood D, Teoh Z, Allanson E, Blencowe H, Draper ES, Erwich JJ, Froen JF, Gardosi J, Gold K, Gordijn S, Gordon A, Heazell A, Khong TY, Korteweg F, Lawn JE, McClure EM, Oats J, Pattinson R, Pettersson K, Siassakos D, Silver RM, Smith G, Tuncalp O, Flenady V. Making stillbirths visible: a systematic review of globally reported causes of stillbirth. BJOG. 2018;125(2):212-24. PubMed PMID: 29193794. Epub 2017/12/02. eng
  24. Riaz M, Lewis S, Naughton F, Ussher M. Predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction. 2018;113(4):610-22.
  25. Smith LK, Hindori-Mohangoo AD, Delnord M, Durox M, Szamotulska K, Macfarlane A, Alexander S, Barros H, Gissler M, Blondel B, Zeitlin J, Haidinger G, Alexander S, Kolarova R, Rodin U, Kyprianou T, Velebil P, Mortensen L, Sakkeus L, Gissler M, Blondel B, Heller G, Lack N, Antsaklis A, Berbik I, Sól Ólafsdóttir H, Bonham S, Cuttini M, Misins J, Isakova J, Wagener Y, Gatt M, Nijhuis J, Klungsøyr K, Szamotulska K, Barros H, Horga M, Cap J, Tul N, Bolúmar F, Gottvall K, Källén K, Berrut S, Riggenbach M, Macfarlane A. Quantifying the burden of stillbirths before 28 weeks of completed gestational age in high-income countries: a population-based study of 19 European countries. The Lancet. 2018;392(10158):1639-46.
  26. Smith LK, Matthews RJ, Field DJ. Decision-making at the limits of viability: recognising the influence of parental factors. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 2018;103(3):F196-F7.
  27. Smith LK, Morisaki N, Morken N-H, Gissler M, Deb-Rinker P, Rouleau J, Hakansson S, Kramer MR, Kramer MS. An International Comparison of Death Classification at 22 to 25 Weeks’ Gestational Age. Pediatrics. 2018;142(1):e20173324.
  28. Villeneuve E, Landa P, Allen M, Spencer A, Prosser S, Gibson A, Kelsey K, Mujica-Mota R, Manktelow B, Modi N, Thornton S, Pitt M. A framework to address key issues of neonatal service configuration in England: the NeoNet multimethods study. 2018;6:35.

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