Dr Paul Lee

Epidemiologist/Statistician Senior Research Associate

Dr Paul Lee



Department of Health Sciences
University of Leicester
George Davies Centre
University Road
United Kingdom

Email: paul.h.lee@leicester.ac.uk

Personal Details

ORCID: 0000-0002-5729-6450

Scopus ID: 57200302692

ResearcherID: F-2549-2010


Dr Paul Lee is a senior research fellow with a role of epidemiologists / statistician in the Genetic Epidemiology research group. Prior to his arrival at Leicester, he is an assistant professor (2016-2021) / research assistant professor (2013-2016) in Hong Kong Polytechnic University. He obtained his Bachelor and Ph.D. degrees in statistics from the University of Hong Kong. Dr Lee’s research interests include physical activity, healthy lifestyle, epidemiological methods, and data mining. He has published more than 130 papers in these areas. He is on the editorial board of Scientific Reports, BMC Medical Research Methodology, and Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal. He maintains the R package pmr (probability models for ranking data).


A complete list of the publications could be found in https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=iasrT30AAAAJ&hl=en.

Lee, P. H. (2019). Social media use and depressive symptoms among Hong Kong young adults during the period of 2019 extradition bill controversy. Asian Journal of Psychiatry 45, 38-40.

Lee, P. H., Tse, A. C. Y. (2019) Calibration of Wrist-worn ActiWatch 2 and ActiGraph wGT3X for Assessment of Physical Activity in Young Adults. Gait and Posture 68, 141-149.

Lee, P. H. Determining the optimal number of wearing-days given a fixed number of accelerometers in a population-level study. Journal of Epidemiology, article in press.

Lee, P. H., Fu, B., Cai, W., Chen, J., Yuan, Z., Zhang, L., Ying, X. (2018) The Effectiveness of an On-line Training Program for Improving Fire Knowledge of Healthcare Workers: A Randomized Controlled Trial. PLoS ONE 13(7), e0199747.

Lee, P. H., Tse, A. C. Y. (2017) The Diagnosis Checking of Statistical Analysis in Randomised Controlled Trials Indexed in PubMed. European Journal of Clinical Investigation47(11), 847-852.

Lee, P. H. (2017) Examining the Error of Mis-specifying Nonlinear Confounding Effect with Application on Accelerometer-Measured Physical Activity. Research Quarterly in Sports and Exercise 88(2), 203-208.

Lee, P. H., Tse, A. C. Y. (2017) The Quality of the Reported Sample Size Calculations in Randomised Controlled Trials Indexed in PubMed. European Journal of Internal Medicine 40, 16-21.

Lee, P. H., Tse, A. C. Y., Lee, K. Y. (2017) A New Statistical Model for the Day Reconstruction Method. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research26(4), e1547.

Lee, P. H. (2016) Remaining Questions Concerning Wearable Devices (Commentary). JAMA Internal Medicine, 176(9), 1408.

Lee, P. H., Suen, L. K. P. (2017) The Convergent Validity of Actiwatch 2 and ActiGraph Link Accelerometers in Measuring Total Sleeping Period, Wake After Sleep Onset, and Sleep Efficiency in Free-living Condition. Sleep and Breathing 21(1), 209-215.

Lee, P. H. (2016) Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviors, and Levels of Epstein-Barr Virus in Children and Adolescents. Physiology and Behavior, 164, 390-394.

Lee, P. H. (2016) Examining non-linear associations of accelerometer-measured physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and all-cause mortality using segmented Cox regression. Frontiers in Physiology, 7, 272.

Lee, P. H., Cowling, B. J., Yang, L. (2017) Seasonal influenza vaccination among Chinese healthcare workers. American Journal of Infection Control 45(5), 575-578.

Lee, P. H., Chan, C. W. (2016) Calorie intake, calories required and mortality in the older population. Public Health Nutrition19(17), 3179-3184.

Lee, P. H., Burstyn, I. (2016) Identification of confounder in epidemiologic data contaminated by measurement error in covariates. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16, 54.

Lee, P. H., Wong, F. K. Y., Wang, S., Chow, S. K. Y. (2016) Substitution of SF-36 by SF-12 among Hong Kong Chinese Older Adults: Secondary Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine23(5), 635-644.

Lee, P. H. (2016) Impact of Covariate Adjustments on Study Power and Effect Size Estimation in Randomized Controlled Trials. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology76, 137-146.

Lee, P. H. (2015) A Sensitivity Analysis on the Variability on Accelerometer Data Processing to Assess Physical Activity. Gait and Posture, 41(2), 516-521.

Lee, P.H. (2014). Association between Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors during Adolescence and Change in BMI and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes during Young Adulthood. PLoS One, 9(10), e110732.

Lee, P.H. (2014) Resampling Methods Improve Predictive Power of Modeling in Class-imbalanced Datasets. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(9), 9776-9789.

Lee, P.H., Wong, F.K.W. (2015). The Association Between Time Spent in Sedentary Behaviors and Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 45(6) 867-880.

Lee, P.H. (2014). Should We Adjust for a Confounder if Empirical and Theoretical Criteria Yield Contradictory Results? A Simulation Study. Scientific Reports, 4, 6085.

Lee, P.H., McGrath, C., Kong, A.Y.C. & Lam, T.H. (2014). Self-report Oral Health and Quality of Life: A Latent Growth Curve Analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 21, 358-363.

Lee, P.H. (2014). Is the Cutoff of 10% Appropriate for the Change-in-Estimate Confounder Identification Criterion? Journal of Epidemiology, 24(2), 161-167.

Lee, P.H., Macfarlane, D.J. & Lam, T.H. (2013). Factors Associated with Participant Compliance in Studies Using Accelerometers. Gait and Posture, 38(4), 912-917.

Lee, P.H. (2013). Data Imputation for Accelerometer-measured Physical Activity: The Combined Approach. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 97(5), 965-971.

Lee, P.H., Nan, H., Yu, Y.Y., McDowell, I., Leung, G.M. & Lam, T.H. (2013). For Nonexercising People, the Number of Steps Walked is More Strongly Associated with Health than Time Spent Walking. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sports, 16(3), 227-230.

Lee, P.H., Yu, Y.Y., McDowell, I., Leung, G.M. & Lam, T.H. (2012). A Cluster Analysis of Patterns of Objectively Measured Physical Activity in Hong Kong. Public Health Nutrition, 16(8), 1436-1444.

Lee, P.H., Macfarlane, D.J., Lam, T.H. & Stewart, S.M. (2011). Validity of International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF): A Systematic Review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 115.

Lee, P.H., Yu, Y.Y., McDowell, I., Leung, G.M., Lam, T.H. & Stewart, S.M. (2011). Performance of International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Short Form) in Subgroups of the Hong Kong Chinese Population. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8, 81.


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