Nicola Cooper

Professor of Healthcare Evaluation Research

Department of Health Sciences
University of Leicester
George Davies Centre, University Road
Leicester, LE1 7RH

Tel: +44 (0)116 229 7267


My primary research interest is in the interface and integration of medical statistics and health economics. This specifically includes methods for statistical modelling of cost data, integration of evidence synthesis within a decision modelling context, handling of missing data in economic evaluations conducted alongside clinical trials, and the application of Bayesian statistical methods to all of the above. I am Deputy Director of the NIHR-funded Complex Reviews Support Unit (


  • Freeman SC, Scott NW, Powell R, Johnston M, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ. Utilising component network meta-analysis to identify the most effective components of psychological preparation for adults undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2018. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2018.02.012
  • Owen RK, Cooper NJ, Quinn TJ, Lees R, Sutton AJ. Network meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy studies identifies and ranks the optimal diagnostic tests and thresholds for healthcare policy and decision making. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2018. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2018.03.005
  • Deave T, Hawkins A, Kumar A, Hayes M, Cooper NJ, Watson W, Ablewhite J, Coupland C, Sutton A, Majsak-Newman G. McDaid L, Goodenough T, Beckett K, McColl E, Reading R, Kendrick D. Evaluating implementation of a fire-prevention Injury Prevention Briefing in children's centres: cluster randomised controlled trial. Plos One 2017. 12(3): e0172584. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0172584
  • Kendrick D, Ablewhite J, Achana F, Benford P, Clacy R, Coffey F, Cooper N, Coupland C, Deave T, Goodenough T, Hawkins A, Hayes M, Hindmarch P, Hubbard S, Kay B, Kumar A, Majsak-Newman G, McColl E, McDaid L, Miller P, Mulvaney C, Peel I, Pitchforth E, Reading R, Saramago P, Stewart J, Sutton A, Timblin C, Towner E, Watson M C, Wynn P, Young B & Zou K. Keeping Children Safe: a multicentre programme of research to increase the evidence base for preventing unintentional injuries in the home in the under-fives. Programme Grants for Applied Research 2017: 5(14). doi:10.3310/pgfar05140
  • Achana F, Sutton AJ, Kendrick D, Hayes M, Jones DR, Hubbard SJ, Cooper NJ. A decision analytic model to investigate the cost-effectiveness of poisoning prevention practices in households with young children. BMC Public Health 2016; 16: 705. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3334-0.
  • Cooper NJ, Kendrick D, Timblin C, Hayes M, Majsak-Newman G, Meteyard K, Hawkins A, Kay B. The short-term cost of falls, poisonings and scalds occurring at home in children under 5 years old in England: multicenter longitudinal study. Injury Prevention 2016. doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041808
  • Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Achana F, Welton NJ. Use of network meta-analysis to inform clinical parameters in economic evaluations. Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health. 2016
  • Achana F, Sutton AJ, Kendrick D, Wynn P, Young B, Jones DR, Hubbard S, Cooper NJ. The effectiveness of different interventions to promote poison prevention behaviours in households with children: a network meta-analysis. Plos One 2015; 10(4): e0121122. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121122.
  • Nikiphorou E, Davies C, Mugford M, Cooper NJ, Brooksby A, Chipping J, Young A, Verstappen SM, Symmons DPM, MacGregor AJ. Direct health costs of inflammatory polyarthritis 10 years after disease onset: Results from the NOrfolk Arthritis Register. Journal of Rheumatology 2015 doi:10.3899/jrheum.140528
  • Boyle P, Smith LK, Cooper NJ, Williams KS, O’Connor H. Gender balance: Women are funded more fairly in social science. Nature 2015; 525(7568): 181-183.
  • Hubbard S, Cooper NJ, Kendrick D, Young B, Wynn PM, He Z, Miller P, Achana F, Sutton A. Network Meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent falls in children under 5. Injury Prevention 2015; doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2013-041135.
  • Khunti K, Mani H, Achana F, Cooper NJ, Gray LJ, Davies MJ. Systematic review and meta-analysis of response rates and diagnostic yield of screening for type 2 diabetes and those at high risk of diabetes.. Plos One 2015; 10(9): e0135702. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0135702.
  • Achana F, Hubbard SJ, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJAn exploration of synthesis methods in public health evaluations of interventions concludes that the use of modern statistical methods would be beneficial. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2014; 67(4): 376-390.
  • Achana F, Cooper NJ, Bujkiewicz S, Hubbard SJ, Kendrick D, Jones DR, Sutton AJ. Network meta-analysis of multiple outcome measures accounting for borrowing of information across outcomes. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2014; 14: 92.  doi:10.1186/1471-2288-14-92
  • Bujkiewicz S, Thompson JR, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Harrison MJ, Symmons DPM, Abrams KR. Use of Bayesian Multivariate Meta-Analysis to Estimate the HAQ for Mapping Onto the EQ-5D Questionnaire in Rheumatoid Arthritis. Value in Health 2014; 17(1): 109-115.
  • Deave T, Towner E, MCColl E, Reading R, Sutton A, Coupland C, Cooper NJ, Stewart J, Hayes M, Pitchforth E, Watson M, Kendrick D. Multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial evaluating implementation of a fire prevention Injury Prevention Briefing in children’s centres: study protocol. BMC Public Health 2014; 14: 69.
  • Maisak-Newmand G, Benford P, Ablewhite J, Clacy R, Coffey F, Cooper NJ, Coupland C, Hayes M, Kay B, McColl E, Reading R, Sutton A, Stewart J, Watson M, Kendrick D. Keeping children safe at home: protocol for a matched case-control study of modifiable risk factors for poisonings. Injury Prevention (online) 2014; 20(5): e10.
  • Saramago P*, Cooper NJ*, Sutton AJ, Kendrick D. Cost-effectiveness of interventions for increasing the possession of functioning smoke alarms in households with pre-school children: a modelling study. BMC Public Health 2014; 14: 459 (*Joint first author)
  • Tan SH, Cooper NJ, Bujkiewicz S, Sutton AJ,. Novel presentational approaches were developed for reporting network meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2014; 67(6): 672-680. doi/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2013.11.006
  • Wynn P, Stewart J, Kumar A, Clacy R, Coffey F, Cooper NJ, Coupland C, Deave T, Hayes M, McColl E, Reading R, Sutton A, Watson M, Kendrick D. Keeping Children Safe at Home: protocol for a case-control study of modifiable risk factors for scalds. Injury Prevention 2014; 20(5): e11.
  • Zheng H, Barnett AG, Merollini K, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Berendt T, Wilson J, Graves N. Control strategies to prevent total hip replacement-related infections: A systematic review and mixed treatment comparison. BMJ Open 2014; 4(3).
  • Achana FA, Cooper NJ, Dias S, Lu G, Rice S, Kendrick D, Sutton AJ. Extending methods for investigating the relationship between treatment effect and baseline risk from pairwise meta-analysis to network meta-analysis. Statistics in Medicine 2013; 32(5); 752-771.
  • Bujkiewicz S, Thompson J, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Harrison MJ, Symmons DPM, Abrams KR. Multivariate meta-analysis of mixed outcomes: a Bayesian approach. Statistics in Medicine 2013; 32(22): 3926-3943.
  • Bujkiewicz S, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR, Cooper NJ, Spiegelhalter DJ. Transparent interactive decision interrogator-reply to letter to the editor by Michael Coory. Value Health 2013; 16(1): 216-21.
  • Cooper NJ, Spiegelhalter D, Bujkiewicz S, Dequen P, Sutton A. A systematic review of the deliberate and accidental use of Bayesian methods in health technology assessment. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 2013; 29(3): 336-342.
  • Kendrick D, Young B, Ilyas N, Smith S, Wynn P, Mulvaney C, Mason-Jones AJ, Achana FA, Hubbard SJ, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Watson MC, Coupland C. Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention (Review). Evidence-Based Child Health 2013; 8(3): 761-939.
  • Novielli N, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ. Evaluating the cost-effectiveness of diagnostic tests in combination: is it important to allow for performance dependency? Value in Health 2013; 16(4): 536-541.
  • Novielli N, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ. Meta-analysis of the accuracy of two diagnostic tests used in combination: application to ddimer and wells score for the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis. Value in Health 2013; 16(4): 619-628.
  • Tan SH, Bujkiewicz S, Sutton AJ, Dequen P, Cooper NJ. Presentational approaches used in the UK for reporting evidence synthesis using indirect and mixed treatment comparisons Journal of Health Services Research and Policy 2013; 18(4): 224-232.
  • Ara R, Blake L, Gray L, Hernández M, Crowther M, Dunkley A, Warren F, Jackson R,  Rees A, Stevenson M, Abrams K, Cooper NJ, Davies M, Khunti K, Sutton AJ. What is the clinical and cost-effectiveness of using drugs in treating obese patients in primary care? Health Technology Assessment 2012: 16(5).
  • Cooper NJ, Kendrick D, Achana F, Dhiman P, Saramago P, He Z, Le Cozannet E, Wynn P,  Sutton AJ. Mixed treatment comparison to evaluate the effectiveness of different strategies to increase the possession of smoke alarms by households. Epidemiologic Reviews 2012; 34(1): 32-45.
  • Gray L, Cooper NJ, Dunkley A, Warren F, Abrams K, Davies MJ, Khunti K, Sutton A. Mixed treatment comparison of pharmacological interventions for the treatment of obesity Obesity Review 2012; 13(6): 483–498
  • Hawkins N, Richardson G, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Griffiths C, Rogers A, Bower P. Surrogates, meta-analysis and cost-effectiveness modelling: a combined analytic approach. Health Economics 2012; 21(6):742-756.
  • Kendrick D,Maula A, Stewart J, Clacy R, Coffey F, Cooper NJ, Coupland C, Hayes M, McColl E, Reading R, Sutton A, Towner E, Watson E on behalf of the Keeping Children Safe Study Group. Keeping Children Safe at Home: protocol for three matched case-control studies of modifiable risk factors for falls. Injury prevention 2012; 18(3).
  • Kendrick D, Young B, Mason-Jones AJ, Ilyas N, Achana FA, Cooper NJ, Hubbard SJ, Sutton AJ, Smith S, Wynn P, Mulvaney C, Watson MC, Coupland C. Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. The Cochrane Library 2012; 9.
  • Welton NJ, Sutton AJ, Ades AE, Cooper NJ, Abrams KR. Evidence Synthesis for Decision Making (Statistics in Practice). Wiley-Blackwell 2012.
  • Moreno S, Novielli N, Cooper NJ. Cost-effectiveness of the implantable HeartMate II® left ventricular assist device for patients awaiting heart transplantation. The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 2012; 31(5): 450-458.
  • Moreno S, Sutton AJ, Thompson JR, Ades AE, Abrams KR, Cooper NJ. A generalised weighting regression-derived meta-analysis estimator robust to small-study effects and heterogeneity. Statistics in Medicine 2012; 31(14): 1407-1417.
  • Saramago P, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Manca A. Mixed Treatment Comparisons using Aggregate- and Individual-Participant Level Data Statistics in Medicine 2012; 31(28): 3516-3536.
  • Bujkiewicz S, Jones H, Lai M, Cooper NJ, Hawkins N, Pilgrim H, Abrams KR, Spiegelhalter DJ, Sutton AJ.  Development of a Transparent Interactive Decision Interrogator to facilitate the decision-making process in health care. Value in Health 2011; 14(5): 768-776.
  • Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Lai M, Peters J, Abrams KR, Juni P, Wandel S, Paulden M, Welton N, Conti S, Palmer S, Bujkiewicz S, Spiegelhalter DJ.  How valuable are multiple treatment comparison methods in economic decision modelling? Value in Health 2011; 14(2): 371-380. ISPOR ‘Value in Health Paper of the Year Award 2012’
  • Moreno S, Sutton AJ, Ades AE, Cooper NJ, Abrams KR. Adjusting for publication biases across similar interventions performed well when compared with gold standard data. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2011; 64(11); 1230-1241.
  • Novielli N, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR. Bayesian model selection framework for Meta-analysis of Diagnostic Test data: the case of DDimer test for Deep Venous Thrombosis. Research Synthesis Methods 2011; 1(3-4): 226-238.
  • Rodgers M, Epstein D, Bojke L, Yang H, Craig D, Fonseca T, Myers L, Bruce I, Chalmers R, Bujkiewicz S, Lai M, Cooper NJ, Abrams K, Spiegelhalter D, Sutton A, Sculpher M, Woolacott N. Etanercept, Infliximab and Adalimumab for the Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis: a Systematic Review and Economic Evaluation. Health Technology Assessment 2011; 15(10) (NICE Appraisal 199).
  • Williams K, Coleby D, Abrams KR, Turner DA, Shaw C. Assassa P, Cooper NJ, Donaldson M, McGrother C and the Leicestershire MRC Incontinence Study Team. Randomised controlled trial of the clinical effectiveness and costs of services for urinary symptoms: 6-year follow-up. BMC Health Services Research 2011; 11: 58.
  • McCabe C, Chilcott J, Claxton K, Tappenden P, Cooper C, Roberts J, Cooper NJ, Abrams K.  Continuing the multiple sclerosis risk sharing scheme is unjustified? BMJ 2010(7758); 340: c1789.
  • Novielli N, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR.  How is evidence on test performance synthesised in economic decision models of diagnostic tests? A systematic appraisal of Health Technology Assessments in the UK since 1997. Value in Health 2010; 13(8): 952 -957.
  • Coyle D, Lee K, Cooper NJ. Use of evidence in economic models. In I Shemilt, M Mugford, L Vale, K Marsh, C Donaldson. Evidence based economics: health and other policy domains. Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2010.
  • Peek G, Mugford M, Tiruvoipati R, Wilson A, Allen E, Thalanany M, Hibbert CL, Truesdale A, Clemens F, Cooper NJ, Elbourne D. Randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation of conventional ventilatory support vs extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe adult respiratory failure (CESAR) The Lancet 2009; 374(9698): 1351-1363.

  • Burch J, Paulden M, Conti S, Stock C, Corbett M, Welton N, Ades AE, Sutton A, Cooper N, Elliot A, Nicholson K, Duffy S, McKenna C, Westwood M, Palmer S.Antiviral drugs for the treatment of influenza: A Systematic Review and Economic Evaluation. NICE Appraisal 2009; 168.
  • Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Morris D, Ades AE, Welton NJ. Addressing between-study heterogeneity and inconsistency in mixed treatment comparisons: Application to stroke prevention treatments in individuals with non-rheumatic Atrial Fibrillation. Statistics in Medicine 2009; 28(14): 1861–1881.
  • Moreno SG, Sutton AJ, Ades AE, Turner EH, Abrams KR, Cooper NJ, Palmer TM. Novel methods to deal with publication bias: 'global' application to antidepressant trials where a gold standard exists. BMJ 2009; 339(71): b2981.
  • Moreno SG, Sutton AJ, Ades AE, Stanley TD, Abrams KR, Peters JL, Cooper NJ. Assessment of methods to adjust for publication through a comprehensive simulation study.  BMC Methodology 2009; 9(2).
  • Pickin M, Cooper C, Chater T, O’Hagan A, Abrams K, Cooper NJ, Boggild M, Palace J, Ebers G, Chilcott J, Tappenden P, Nicholl J.  The Multiple Sclerosis Risk Sharing Scheme monitoring study – early results and lessons for the future. BMC Neurology 2009; 9(1).
  • Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Jones DR.  Evidence synthesis as the key to more coherent and efficient research. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2009; 9(29).
  • Thalanany MM, Mugford M, Hibbert C, Cooper NJ,  Truesdale A, Robertson S, Tiruvoipati R, Elbourne D, Peek GJ, Clemens F, Hardy P, Allen E,  Wilson A on behalf of the CESAR Trial Group. Methods of data collection and analysis for the economic evaluation alongside a national, multi-centre trial in the UK: Conventional ventilation or ECMO for Severe Adult Respiratory Failure (CESAR). BMC Health Services Research 2008, 8: 94
  • Gillies CL, Lambert PC, Abrams KR, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ,  Hsu RT, Davies M, Khunti K. A cost-effectiveness analysis for different strategies for screening and prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. BMJ 2008; 336: 1180-1185.
  • Sutton AJ, Ades AE, Cooper NJ, Abrams KR. Use of indirect and mixed treatment comparisons for technology assessment. Pharmacoeconomics 2008; 26(9): 753-767.
  • Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Goodacre S, Stevenson M. Integration of meta-analysis and economic decision modelling for evaluating diagnostic tests. Medical Decision Making 2008; 28(5): 650-667
  • Welton NJ, Cooper NJ, Ades AE, Sutton AJ. Evidence synthesis of competing interventions when effectiveness outcomes measured inconsistently across trials: Evaluation of antivirals for treatment of influenza. Statistics in Medicine 2008; 27: 5620-5639.
  • Drummond M, Iglesias C, Cooper NJ. Systematic reviews and economic evaluations in technology appraisals conducted for NICE in the UK: A game of two halves? International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health 2008; 24(2).
  • Wailoo AJ, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Turner D, Abrams KR, Brennan A, Nicholson KG. Cost-effectiveness and value of information analyses of neuraminidase inhibitors for the treatment of influenza. Value in Health 2008; 22(2): 161-171.
  • Lambert PC, Billingham LJ, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR. Establishing the cost-effectiveness of an intervention in a clinical trial when partial cost information is available: A Bayesian approach.  Health Economics 2008; 17(1): 67-81.
  • Cooper NJ, Lambert PC, Abrams KR, Sutton AJ. Predicting costs over time using Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo methods: An application to early inflammatory polyarthritis Health Economics 2007; 16(1): 37-56.
  • Gillies CL, Abrams KR, Lambert PC, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Hsu RT, Khunti K. Pharmacological and lifestyle interventions to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2007; 334: 299-302.
  • Lu G, Ades AE, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Briggs AH, Caldwell, DM. Meta-analysis of multiple treatment comparisons at multiple follow-up times.  Statistics in Medicine 2007; 26(20): 3681-3699.
  • Middleton RK, Lloyd GM, Bown MJ, Cooper NJ, Jones JL, Sayers RD. Pro-inflammatory Cytokines and Chemokines are up-regulated in the abdominal aortic aneurysm: A multiple protein array study. Journal of Vascular Surgery 2007; 45(3): 574-580.
  • Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Jones DR, Abrams KR, Lambert PL.  Evidence-based sample size calculations for future trials based on meta-analysis. Statistics in Medicine 2007; 26: 2476-2500.
  • Ades A, Sculpher M, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR, Cooper NJ, Welton N, Guobing L. Bayesian methods for evidence synthesis in cost-effectiveness analysis. Pharmacoeconomics; 2006; 24:1-19.
  • Awad S, Karkos CD, Serrachino-Inglot F, Cooper NJ, Butterfield S, Ashleigh R, Nasim A.  The impact of diabetes on current revascularization practice and clinical outcome in patients with critical lower limb ischaemia. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2006; 32(6): 718-724.
  • Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Lu G, Khunti K. Mixed comparison of stroke prevention treatments in individuals with non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation. Archives of Internal Medicine 2006; 166: 1269-1275.
  • Burls A. Connock M, Frew E, Fry-Smith A, Juarez-Garcia A, Moore D, Sandercock J, McCabe C, O’Hagan A, Wailoo A, Abrams KR, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ. The clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy for Gaucher's disease: a systematic review Health Technology Assessment 2006; 10(24). (Also final report for National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE))
  • Turner DA, Wailoo AJ, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR, Nicholson KG.  The cost-effectiveness of influenza vaccination in adults aged 50-64. Vaccine 2006; 24(7): 1035-1043.
  • Cooper NJ, Jones DR, Sutton AJ.  Systematic review results are underused in designing new studies. Clinical Trials 2005; 2(3): 260-264.
  • Cooper NJ, Coyle D, Abrams KR, Mugford M, Sutton AJ. Use of evidence in decision models: An appraisal of health technology assessments in the UK to date. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy 2005; 10(4):245-250.
  • Palmer S, Sculpher M, Philips Z, Robinson M, Ginnelly L, Bakhai A, Abrams K, Cooper NJ, Packman C, Alfikah K, Hall A, Gray D.  Management of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome: How cost-effective are glycoprotein IIb/IIIA antagonists in the National Health Service? International Journal of Cardiology 2005; 100: 229-240.
  • Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Abrams KR, Lambert PC, Jones DR. Synthesising both benefit and harm: A Bayesian approach to evaluating clinical net benefit. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (In press)
  • Turner DA, Nicholson KG, Wailoo AJ, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR.  The cost-effectiveness of influenza vaccination in adults aged 50-64. Vaccine (In press)
  • Williams K, Assassa P, Cooper NJ, Turner D, Shaw C, McGrother C, Abrams KR, Mayne C, Clarke M. Randomised controlled trial of the cost-effectiveness of existing primary and secondary care services compared with a new nurse-led service for urinary incontinence. British Journal of General Practice 2005; 55(518):696-703.
  • Bown MJ, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Nicholson ML, Bell PRF, Sayers RD. Factors associated with the late post-operative mortality of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A review of 223 cases from a single centre. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2004; 27: 65-74.
  • Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR, Turner D, Wailoo A. Comprehensive decision analytical modelling in economic evaluation: A Bayesian approach.  Health Economics 2004:13(3) 203-226.

Erratum HE 2004

WinBUGS 13 code for HE 2004

WinBUGS 14 code for HE 2004

  • Minelli C, Abrams KR, Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ. Appropriate use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT): A clinical decision analysis. British Medical Journal2004; 328: 371-5.
  • Turner DA, Shaw C, McGrother CW, Dallosso HM, Cooper NJ and MRC incontinence team. The cost of urinary storage disorders to the UK.  British Journal of Urology International 2004; 93: 1246-1252.
  • Chilcott J, McCabe C, Tappenden P, O’Hagan A, Cooper NJ, Abrams KR. Modelling the cost-effectiveness of beta-interferon and glatiramer-acetate in the management of multiple sclerosis. British Medical Journal 2003:326:522.
  • Cooper NJ, Mugford M, Symmons DPM, Barrett EM, Scott DGI. Development of resource-use and expenditure questionnaires for use in rheumatology research. Journal of Rheumatology 2003;30(11): 2485-2491.

Resource use and expenditure questionnaire

  • Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR, Wailoo A, Turner D, Nicholson KG.  The effectiveness of neuraminidase inhibitors in the treatment and prevention of influenza A and B: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. British Medical Journal 2003; 326: 1235-1239.
  • Cooper NJ, Abrams KR, Sutton AJ, Turner D, Lambert P. Use of Bayesian methods for Markov modelling in cost-effectiveness analysis: An application to taxane use in advanced breast cancer. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A 2003; 166(3): 389-405.

Additional tables and figs JRSS 2003

WinBUGS 14 code for HE 2004

  • Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Mugford M. Abrams KR. Use of Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods to model cost data. Medical Decision Making 2003: 23: 38-53. 
  • Memon MA, Cooper NJ, Memon B, Memon MI, Stegman MR, Abrams KR.  Meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials comparing open and laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. British Journal of Surgery 2003:90(12):1479-1492.
  • Turner DA, Wailoo A, Nicholson K, Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR. Systematic review and economic modelling of the neuraminidase inhibitors for the prevention and treatment of influenza A and B. Health Technology Assessment 2003:7(35) (Also final report for National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE))
  • Sutton AJ, Cooper NJ, Lambert PC, Jones DR, Abrams KR. Meta-analysis of rare and adverse event data. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research 2002;2: 367-379.
  • Cooper NJ, Sutton AJ, Abrams KR. Decision analytical economic modeling within a Bayesian framework: Application to prophylactic antibiotics use for caesareansection.  Statistical Methods in Medical Research 2002;11: 491-512.
  • Cooper NJ, Mugford M, Symmons DPM, Barrett EM, Scott DGI. Total costs and predictors of costs in individuals with early inflammatory polyarthritis: A community prospective study. Rheumatology 2002; 41: 767-774.
  • Cooper NJ, Mugford M, Scott DGI, Barrett E, Symmons DPM. Secondary health service care and second line drug costs of early inflammatory arthritis in Norfolk. Journal of Rheumatology 2000; 27: 2115-2122.
  • Cooper NJ. Economic burden of rheumatoid arthritis: A systematic review. Rheumatology 2000; 39: 28-33.
  • Baxter T, Milner P, Leaf M, Nicholl J, Freeman J, Cooper NJ. A community basedheart health promotion project. The impact on coronary heart disease lifestyle risk factors in school children. British Medical Journal 1997; 315(7108): 582-585.
  • Baxter T, Milner P, Hawkins S, Leaf M, Simpson C, Wilson KV, Owen T, Higginbottom G, Nicholl J, Cooper NJ. The impact of heart health promotion on coronary heart disease lifestyle risk factors in school children: Lessons learnt from a community-based project. Public Health July 1997; 111(4): 231-237.
  • Pollitt RJ, Green A, McCabe CJ, Booth A, Cooper NJ, Leonard JV, Nicholl J, Nicholson P, Tunaley JR, Virdi NK. Neonatal screening for inborn errors of metabolism: Cost, yield and outcome. Health Technology Assessment 1997; I(7).

MRC HSRC Workshop

"The Use of Evidence in Economic Decision Models"

The recent methods guidelines for health technology assessments from NICE (2004) recommend ‘all relevant evidence must be identified’ and ‘evidence must be identified, quality assessed and, where appropriate, pooled using explicit criteria and justifiable and reproducible methods’.  The guidelines also state that ‘explicit criteria by which studies are included and excluded’ should be presented.

Two workshops, funded by an MRC HSRC workshop grant, were organised with the aim of producing specific procedural guidance to complement the NICE guidance and to provide a clear definition of all relevant evidence in the context of decision-analytical modelling.

WORKSHOP 1: Establishing the current situation

Dr Zoe Philips, University of Nottingham & Laura Ginnelly, University of York

“Review of guidelines for good practice in decision-analytic modelling in health technology assessment”

Philips.pps Bojke.pps

Dr Nicola Cooper, University of Leicester

“Use of evidence in decision models: An appraisal of health technology assessments in the UK since 1997”


Dr Carole Longson, National Institute for Clinical Excellence

“View from NICE – current issues”


Suzy Paisley, University of Sheffield

“Identifying evidence for decision analytic models”


Paul Tappenden, University of Sheffield

“Ideal versus practical issues of using all available evidence to inform decision model



Debbi Caldwell, University of Bristol

“The potential role of mixed treatment comparisons”


Dr Alex Sutton




WORKSHOP 2: Methodology for appropriate use of evidence in decision models

Louise Longworth, NICE

“Guidelines reporting of evidence identification for the and selection in decision models: the NICE perspective”


Jim Chilcott, Suzy Paisley, University of Sheffield

“Systematising the process: the role of problem structuring methods (PSM) in informing model structure”

Chilcott Paisley Tappenden.pps

Boby Mihaylova, Senior Researcher, University of Oxford.

“Advantages of individual patient data”

Dr Rebecca Turner, MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge

“Addressing differences in rigour and relevance of evidence - a review of existing methods”


Dr Karl Claxton, Dr Neil Hawkins, University of York

“Optimising Drug Development and Efficient Licensing and Reimbursement Rules: The Role of Value of Information Analysis”.


Prof Tony Ades, University of Bristol

“What can we learn from data? A comparison of direct, indirect and observational evidence”Ades.pps

Dr Alex Sutton, University of Leicester



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