Information Sources

This is a list of energy-related sources that may be of use to you if studying energy geographies. Whilst this list is not exhaustive it samples a variety of sources, providing content on a wide range of topics, written with different aims and audiences in mind.


International Organisations

Energy Information Administration

Whilst this site details significantly more information on America than any other region, the EIA gives global coverage through provision of individual country maps and analyses. The publications available on this site are free and available to download. A brief introduction to the energy sector is given in Energy 101 and would be a good starting point for any research project. The International Energy Outlook 2011 and the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 would also be particularly useful resources, providing projections for energy markets in 2035.


European Commission’s Directorate General for Energy and Transport 

This site offers a broad range of resources detailing information on EU policy, statistical data, energy and transport issues and climate change. The website itself is very easily navigated and well structured. There are also plenty of interactive resources covering a diverse number of topics describing the price of petrol to the concept of energy security within Europe. A very good site for getting to grips with your topic.


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Whilst these resources are available free of charge, the content focuses mostly on climate change. Therefore the topics covered are quite narrow and predominantly aimed at reducing emissions. The IPCC publish special editions with the most recent being Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation.  The IPCC are also responsible for the production of the Working Group papers. Online the 1990 First Assessment Report, 1992 supplementary papers, 1995, 2001 and 2007 (second-fourth) Assessment Reports are available for download in pdf format.


International Energy Agency 

This site hosts a variety of publications, ranging from energy based statistics to the Oil and Gas Emergency Policy. A select number of key publications can be downloaded for free e.g.  CO2 Summary, but many require a fee to view them. The IEA’s broad focus is on energy security, economic development and climate change. 


United Nations Development Programme

Aside from the main Human Development Reports, most recently published in 2011, you can find energy/environment dedicated content. From the main homepage there is a hyperlink ‘Protecting the Environment’. This will link you to the Environment and Energy page – some articles may be of use. There is a Fast Facts: Environment, Energy and UNDP document which may be beneficial as an overview. More detailed articles are available in the ‘Our Stories’ and ‘Research and Publications' sections of the site.


United Nations Energy Knowledge Network 

This website serves to amalgamate the UN’s data collection on global energy. The useful 'News Feed' feature updates you of recent global events and may be valuable throughout this course. This site elucidates the negative impact a polluting, unreliable and even unaffordable energy system can have on a population. Additionally, there is an interactive map available which leads to specific regional information or news updates. There are three sub-pages which may be beneficial to research; Energy Access; Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency .


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

This organisation stores information predominantly on climate change; it also regularly reports on developments within the Kyoto Protocol as well as giving its background and accompanying facts and figures. The site provides greenhouse gas data manipulated to provide breakdowns by GHG, country, “party” and source. Links to external sites with related reliable data are also available in the GHG section. The site user has access to a map in which the above variables (party or country, greenhouse gas, or year) can be manipulated to reflect individual analyses. It is also possible to show %growth between 1990 and 2009. These features make this site a valuable tool for visual representations of GHG and Kyoto Protocol data.


World Bank 

This site stores a wide variety of resources which are best found by searching ‘energy’ in the search box available on the homepage. This leads you to related projects, research, data, news and views. You are then able to refine your search further to a chosen media. Many of the videos represent ‘energy dilemmas’ and are available by clicking on the image. This will take you to the external site ‘YouTube’. By using the ‘Indicators’ section of the site you are able to utilise the World Bank’s very valuable dataset, with indicators varying from representing ‘% of population which has access to electricity’ to ‘energy use ktoe’.


World Energy Council

The World Energy Council is an umbrella organisation that aims to bring together the world’s producers and consumers from energy of all types. It offers updates on specific topics such as Energy Efficiency or Shale Gas from ‘Member Committees’ in nearly 100 countries making it a well-informed site to visit.



National Government Organisations

Committee on Climate Change

This organisation is an independent body formed under the 2008 Climate Change Act. The few video clips available cover subjects such as energy targets or the low carbon transition. As the aims of this body are to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to mitigate the consequences of our committed carbon, much of the material focuses upon low carbon technology, bioenergy and renewable energy. There is also a significant amount of information available on adaptation strategies. There are Adaptation Sub-Committee Reports available which discuss what the government are doing to ensure that the UK is properly prepared for climate change, evaluating how effective their schemes are in doing so.


Department of Energy and Climate Change

A UK governed site which hosts material on climate change and energy demand. It is a website designed for consumers and is therefore very easy to interpret.  The materials available are aimed at households, debating arguments such as individual behavioural changes versus technological innovation and development for example.  A wide range of energy sources are discussed and the debates surrounding the future of the energy market are outlined. Energy Sector legislation and statistical information on energy is available in great detail.



OFGEM is a regulatory body designed to monitor and control energy markets within the UK. There are numerous energy source publications available, some more useful than others, and information on networks and distribution too. This site is, however, predominantly intended for use by energy producers.


National Grid

This site provides information on energy supply; a live ‘current energy demand in UK’ system operates from the homepage which tells you what the existing pressure on the National Grid may be. It then converts the energy units into a number that normal consumers may better conceptualise and relate with - how many kettle boils for example. This illustrates the sites aim perfectly– to create awareness and provide data to those who create the energy demand. The National Grid has recently published Summer and Winter Outlooks, as well as a Ten Year statement.  Our over-reliance on the National Grid ensures the pertinence of these documents.


UK Parliamentary Energy and Climate Change Committee

This organisation has been appointed by the government to examine the expenditure, administration and policies of energy associated bodies. Whilst written to a specific audience, there are some interesting topics covered; UK energy security and shale gas for instance. The inquiry into Consumption-Based Emissions may also be of interest.



Research Institutes

Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre

APERC aims to foster the understanding of energy among APERC economies. The publications vary in detail and can be downloaded as PDF files. It is also possible to download copies of presentations that date back to 2004.


Climate Analysis Indicators Tool

CAIT requires you to create an account but hosts a very useful database which stores social, economic and environmental data. It allows you to manipulate the database and updates much of the data annually.  You must be able to log-in to access figures providing rough overviews of greenhouse gas emissions per country or region. In the ‘Navigating the Numbers’ area of the site you can view a wider array of graphs, maps and diagrams.


Center for Strategic and International Studies

The Energy and Climate Change area of the site has some useful reports on the Arctic. The ‘Alternative Energy’ and ‘Security and Climate Change’ sections are also relevant. Perhaps the site’s most beneficial feature is its use of interactive resources – these are available as links at the bottom of most pages.


Chatham House

This Think Tank publishes a broad range of content and would be a good site to gain more detail on any topic. The ‘Energy, Environment and Development’ section hosts the publication documents relevant to energy studies as well as International Affairs articles.


Clingendael International Energy Programme

CIEP publishes topical papers and reports in response to international energy politics, energy policy and the energy industry. CIEP’s accessible publications are intended for a wide audience and offer background information on specific energy-related areas of the international arena. Documents dating from 2003 to 2012 are available for download as PDF files. Alongside some of the published papers are audio clips, attached to introduce or summarise a paper. Additionally the ‘Multimedia’ section has a number of videos and audio clips – some are over 50 minutes long however.


Friends of the Earth

In the main this site will represent environmental issues from a green perspective. The ‘Big Energy Rip-off’ is a video focusing on the affordability of energy and the responsibilities of energy companies. Information on sustainability, natural resources, the green economy and energy production can be found here. Whilst the available videos are able to emphasise an argument, they do not necessarily present a balanced opinion and therefore information taken from such should be supported from other information sources too.



Greenpeace will present information with a green bias - you should be aware of the misleading nature of statistics. The updates provided on the homepage are quite a useful means of exploring specific topics or case studies. Under the ‘What we do’ section of the site it is possible to navigate to energy-related articles; ‘Go Beyond Oil’ and ‘Save the Arctic’ are excellent starting points.


Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies provides interesting working papers which are available online – these are quite technical however. In addition there are several presentations which may be of interest.


Post Carbon Institute

A useful site which aims to provide ‘individuals, communities, businesses and governments with the resources needed to understand and respond to the interrelated economic, energy, environmental, and equity crises that define the 21st century’.  The site itself is very easy to navigate and the content material is suitable for a broad audience. There are plenty of informative publications available  which provide links to associated material, as well as video and audio clips. Many of the publications are written in an informal style but still convey the necessary arguments.  The videos tackle energy-related issues, outlining and debating the challenges involved in providing solutions that satisfy the demands of energy, environment and economy. The “If we’re at Peak Oil we might have 10 or 5 years” video is a good example of this. It discusses the role of market mechanisms in naturally aiding the energy transition from oil to gas, but also refers to the role that the profitable Tar sands energy production has played in instigating Canada’s withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol.


UK Energy Research Centre

UKERC is a very good site focusing mostly on the supply and demand of energy systems – the ‘Energy and Environment’ sub-site provides more specific case studies. Publications from 2004 are only viewable by logging in.


UK Oil Depletion Analysis Centre

The homepage updates are useful for disseminating recent developments in the energy industry, and may provide themes for study. The site has a page for Peak Oil estimations and a page that attempts to provide an explanation for the concept – both of which are very valuable resources. Similarly the ‘Reports and Resources’  section allows you to view energy-related publications, most of which are produced by external sources. This is a very valuable site for the study of oil.


WorldWatch Institute

This site has a specific ‘Climate and Energy’ section that stores the latest published research, online news and blogs. Some articles aren’t available for free however. The Vital Signs Online section has themes on ‘Energy & Transportation’ and ‘Global Economy & Resources’ which may be beneficial resources to research further. The 'End of Nuclear' report and 'Natural Gas and Sustainable Energy Initiative Briefing Papers' series may also be valuable resources,and are available for free as PDFs.


World Wildlife Fund

Within the ‘Campaigning’ section of the site there is a page on ‘Clean Energy’. On this page is an article, a video clip, several related links and an area covering news. This site is a good starting point for research on renewable or clean energy, but is by no means a definitive source of information. 



Energy Companies

British Petroleum

BP publishes the Statistical Review of World Energy and the Energy Outlook to 2030. The Energy Outlook shows long-term energy trends and develops projects for the world’s energy markets. It tries to account for changes in world economy, policy and technology. In the Sustainability section, there is a web area called ‘The Energy Future’. In this section of the site it talks about the energy dilemma, alternative energy sources and climate change.



Chevron is a good site covering a variety of issues – from policy, to supply and demand and of course climate change. This organisation is particularly useful because it provides information on all energy source types rather than presenting a bias, for example oil, nuclear or renewable energy. Several good quality but short videos are also vailable.


Exxon Mobil

The ‘Energy and Technology’ section of the Exxon Mobil site gives a good overview of the state of the energy system and how it is most likely change by 2040. It provides breadth in its descriptions of energy processes and could provide an insightful starting point for any project.



Although quite a basic site, this site is useful for referencing the energy market. It is a state-run Russian monopoly which possesses the world’s largest natural gas reserves and is therefore a significant participant in determining how we solve the energy dilemma.



This part of the website takes you to Shell’s energy projections. The ‘Shell energy scenarios to 2050’ video is a good but basic resource. Their ‘Environment and society’ section of the site will be particularly useful, offering environmental GHG data in graph format. There are plenty of informative speeches, presentations and videos available on this site which may help you to better conceptualise your topic and gain breadth.



SINOPEC is a Chinese company invested in by the state. It is quite a basic site, with the content focusing mostly on oil and gas and the development of new technology.  The 2010 Annual Sustainable Development and Corporate Social Responsibility Reports are available for download as PDF files.



Industry Specific

International Atomic Energy Agency

Set up in 1957, the organisation aims to promote safe nuclear technologies. It produces an annual report which highlights recent developments in the field as well as detailing data concerning its science and technology. The IAEA also publishes a Nuclear Safety Review, a Safeguards Implementation Report and Nuclear Technology Review. The site hosts a topical theme section which guides you through nuclear case studies e.g. Fukushima or depleted uranium.


World Nuclear Association

This is an organisation aimed at supporting the nuclear industry rather than consumers. It produces country specific reports and has a searchable reactor database. The Public Information Service offers plenty of statistics and background information on the technology used in nuclear energy provision. Better still the site contextualises nuclear power alongside climate change and sustainable development as well as from an economic perspective.

Renewable UK

Renewable UK is an organisation that promotes increased use of wind and marine energy within the UK. It aims to lobby support within industry, government, public bodies and the media through provision of information that is accessible to all interested audiences. The site presents information on wind and marine technologies, providing statistics which are particularly relevant to UK based case studies. It also provides a valuable database which details planning applications, existing projects and explains the renewable energy planning system. Additionally there is a Press Release page which may be useful in highlighting recent developments within this field. Several publications are available for PDF download that cover a broad range of issues affecting the renewable energy sector.


Organisations Representing Oil

Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

This site represents the interests of oil exporters. It produces statistical bulletins and market reports. The World Oil Outlooks from 2007-2011 are available for download as PDF files. The Annual Statistical Bulletin contains approximately 100 pages of data detailing the world’s oil and gas reserves, crude oil and product output, exports, refining, tankers, plus economic and other data. The OPEC Annual Report features a review of Member countries economic performance and the world oil market.


Peak Oil Discussion

Association for the Study of Peak Oil & Gas

This site is a fantastic resource for those studying oil, gas and energy supply. The publications discussed are not always freely available with varying institutional access to the external site. The site offers peer-review articles, academic theses, articles published in magazines and newspapers as well as books and general statistics. The statistics page links to external sites as well as providing a monthly update on Oilwatch, ASPO’s own dataset. Oilwatch is available as a PDF and provides mostly graphical information on a limited number of topics.


The Oil Drum

This site presents energy-related articles, available for download as PDF files, in a forum format. Users can comment on an article and give their opinion. This site should therefore only be used as a basis for further research rather than utilising information directly from the site. It does outline the different arguments debated for topical issues however. The articles tend to relate to energy production and source type.


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