Dr Tammy Ayres

Tammy AyresLecturer in Criminology

Contact details

  • Tel: +44 (0)116 252 5700
  • Email: tca2@le.ac.uk
  • Office: Room 2.08, 2nd floor, 154 Upper New Walk
  • Office Hours: By appointment

Personal details

Tammy is an interdisciplinary scholar that works in the area of drugs and terrorism.

I graduated from the University of Leicester with a BSc (Hons) in Sociology and went on to complete an MSc in Criminology (with distinction) here at the School of Criminology, before obtaining a Postgraduate degree in Law from Nottingham Law School and finally a PhD in the Drug-Crime Relationship from the School of Psychology. I am also a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.

Over the years I have been contracted to undertake research for HM Prison and Probation Service on drug supply, substance detoxification, self-harm and suicide as well as evaluations commissioned by the Ministry of Justice, the NHS and the Police Crime Commissioner. I have been undertaking research in the area of drugs for the last 17 years and have extensive experience of undertaking research with vulnerable populations, particularly problematic drug users, prisoners, people with mental ill-health and trauma both in the community and in prisons. This research has helped to shape policy-making and professional practice both at a local and national level. I have also organised a number of conferences and knowledge exchange activities as part of my work in this area.

I am co-chair for the British Society of Criminology's Critical Criminology Network and sit on the steering group for the Prison Research Network here at the University of Leicester. I am also a member of the Deviant Leisure Research Group and the Extreme Anthropology Network.


  • Drugs, Crime and Society (Undergraduate)

  • Understanding Terrorism in Contemporary Society (Postgraduate core module)

Administrative responsibilities

  • MSc Co-Course Convenor
  • Member of the Criminology Equality, Diversity and Inclusivity Committee


  • The link between drugs and crime
  • Drug policy, legislation and drug treatment
  • Drugs and drug treatment in prison
  • Novel psychoactive substances
  • Terrorism, human rights and narcoterrorism

I am currently working on the following projects:

  • A Process Evaluation of the Drug Recovery Prison (Ministry of Justice) with colleagues from the Department of Neuroscience, Psychology & Behaviour Dr Ruth Hatcher and Dr Emma Palmer.
  • Improving mental health outcomes for LGBT people in Nottingham (NHS) alongside colleagues in the School of Criminology (Dr Rebecca Barnes and Dr Clare Gunby)

I have just finished working on two projects. One was an ESRC Seminar Series on New Drugs, while the other was an evaluation of a new domestic violence intervention for female medium risk, repeat victims of domestic abuse. This project was undertaken alongside other colleagues from the School of Criminology (Dr Rebecca Barnes and Dr Clare Gunby) and in collaboration with Nottingham-based domestic violence agency Equation. To download the report click here.


  • Drugs, including drug use in prison
  • Trauma and coping
  • Terrorism and Narcoterrorism


Ayres, T.C., Barnes, R., Gunby, C. and Johnson, K. (2019) Improving the Mental Health Outcomes of Nottingham’s LGBT Populations: Quantitative analysis of existing national and regional statistics concerning the mental health needs and healthcare experiences of LGBT people (Available to Download here).

Hamilton-Hunter, A., Ayres, T.C., Moreland, N. and Cox, A.T. (2018) The Phantom Menace: Novel Psychoactive Substances and the UK Armed Forces. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 164, pp. 450-457.

Ayres, T.C. (2017) Drugs, Leisure, Consumption and Harm, BSC newsletter (winter), pp. 20-26.

Taylor, S., Buchanan, J. and Ayres, T.C. (2016) 'Prohibition, Privilege and the Drug Apartheid: The Failure of Drug Policy Reform to Address the Underlying Fallacies of Drug Prohibition' Criminology and Criminal Justice, 16 (4), pp. 452-469.

Treadwell, J. and Ayres, T.C. (2014) ‘Talking Prada and Powder: Cocaine Use and Supply among the Football Hooligan Firm’ in

J. Treadwell and M. Hopkins (eds.) Football Hooliganism, Crime and Crowd Control: Contemporary Themes in Relation to Research and Theory. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 49-70.

Ayres, T.C. and Bond, J.W. (2012) ‘A Chemical Analysis Examining the Pharmacology of Novel Psychoactive Substances Freely Available Over the Internet and their Impact on Public (Ill)Health. Legal Highs or Illegal Highs?’ British Medical Journal Open, 2 (4), pp. 1-10.

Ayres, T.C. and Jewkes, Y. (2012) 'The Haunting Spectacle of Crystal Meth: A Media Created Mythology' Crime Media Culture, 8 (3), pp. 315-332.

Ayres, T.C. and Treadwell, J. (2012) 'Bars, Drugs and Football Thugs: Cocaine Use amongst English Football Firms' Criminology and Criminal Justice, 12 (1), pp. 83-100.

Palmer, E. J., Hatcher, R. M., McGuire, J., Bilby, C. A. L., Ayres, T. C. and Hollin, C. R. (2011) 'Evaluation of the Addressing Substance-Related Offending (ASRO) Program for Substance-Using Offenders in the Community' Substance Use and Misuse, 46 (8), pp. 1072-1080.

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Contact Details

The School of Criminology
152-154 Upper New Walk

T: +44 (0)116 252 2458
E: criminology@le.ac.uk


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