Professor Phil Almond

Professor of International Management

Contact details

  • Tel: +44 (0)116 223 1884
  • Email:
  • Office: Room 0.01 Mary Seacole Building, Brookfield
  • Office hours: Thursday 2:30pm - 4:30pm or please email

Personal details

I joined Leicester in June 2018 from Loughborough University. I have extensive experience of research and teaching across international management, human resource management and work & employment. I am a lead member of CRIMT, a leading international research partnership researching globalisation and work, and am organiser of the “Institutional Experimentation for Better Work” network of the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics. I sit on the editorial board for the International Journal of Human Resource Management, and am an adviser to the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions


  • MN3104 International Business
  • MN2144 Globalisation and Skills
  • Undergraduate and postgraduate dissertation supervision

Administrative responsibilities

Director of Research Grant Development


Most of my research focuses on multinational companies, examining both the changing nature of global management, and the ways in which the disruptions to national and local business systems caused by corporate globalisation shape the decisions of managers, social actors and policy makers. My work is influenced by comparative sociology, political economy, and economic and political geography, as well as by work in organisation studies, human resource management and industrial relations.

I am currently working on a large project on “globalizing actors in multinationals”, funded by the ESRC and the Korean national research foundation, with colleagues from Loughborough, UEA, Seoul National University and the University of Montréal. This project investigates the ways in which individuals with international roles in multinationals create and diffuse norms affecting the management of human resources across Europe, North America and East Asia, and shows the changing nature of global management, particularly the dynamics of virtual global teams.

I am also a lead researcher of the major international research partnership project “Institutional Experimentation for Better Work”, based at the University of Montréal and funded by the Canadian SSHRC, which brings together more than 150 researchers in a dozen countries researching responses to the multiple disruptions currently facing the regulation of work and employment worldwide.

Previously, I was Principal Investigator of an ESRC project on multinationals, sub-national governance and human resources, which investigated regional approaches to the competition to attract foreign investment in the Canada, Ireland, Spain and the UK.


I am interested in supervising doctoral research across most aspects of international and comparative human resource management, employment relations, and organisation studies. I am particularly interested in supervising research which engages with institutional or field theory, or which applies “slow” approaches to comparative research.

I currently supervise:

  • Sara-Pérez Lauzon (post-doctoral project) “Regional resilience in the context of technological change”
  • Yuhan Huang (PhD) “The interplay between management knowledge and healthcare practice in a Chinese hospital”
  • Katsutoshi Fushimi (DSocSci) ‘Ceremonial adoption as a safeguard’


1. Research monograph

Almond, P. and Ferner, A., eds. (2006) American Multinationals in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2. Refereed journal articles

Almond, P., Edwards, T., Kern, P., Kim, K. and Tregaskis, O. (forthcoming) Global norm-making processes in contemporary multinationals, Human Resource Management Journal, in press.

Edwards, T, Svystunova, L., Almond, P., Kern, P., Kim, K. and Tregaskis, O. (forthcoming) Whither National Subsidiaries? The need to refocus International Management research on structures and processes that matter, Journal of International Business Studies, in press.

Almond, P. and Connolly, H. (2020) A manifesto for “slow” comparative research in work and employment, European Journal of Industrial Relations, 26 (1), 59-74.

Tregaskis, O. and Almond, P. (2019) Multinationals and skills policy networks: HRM as a player in economic and social concerns, British Journal of Management, 30 (3), 593-609.

Rutherford, T., Murray, G., Almond, P. and Pelard, M. (2018) State Accumulation Projects and Inward Investment Regimes Strategies: Policies and Actors in Ontario and Quebec, Canada, Regional Studies, 52, 4, 572-84.

Gonzalez, M., Luque, D, Pruneda, G. and Almond, P. (2018) Embedding multinational firms in regional business systems: neoliberal and social-democratic models in Spain, Industrial Relations Journal, 49, 1, 50-68.

Gonzalez, M., Almond, P. and Murray, G. (2018) The regional governance of foreign direct investment: a comparison of Canada, Spain and the UK, Revista Espanola de Investigacciones Sociologicas, 163, 3-20.

Almond, P., Gonzalez, M.C., Lavelle, J. and Murray, G. (2017) "The Local in the Global: Regions, Employment Systems and Multinationals", Industrial Relations Journal, 48, 2, 115-132.

Almond, P., Ferner, A. and Tregaskis, O. (2015) The changing context of regional governance of FDI in England. European Urban and Regional Studies, 22, 1, 61-76.

Almond, P. and Gonzalez Menendez, M. (2014) Cross-national comparative human resource management and the ideational sphere: a critical review. International Journal of Human Resource Management , 25, 18, 2591-2607

Almond, P., Gonzalez Menendez, M., Gunnigle, P., Lavelle, J., Luque, D., Monaghan, S. and Murray, G. (2014) Multinationals and regional economies: embedding the regime shoppers? Transfer, 20, 2, 237-253.

Ferner, A. and Almond, P. (2013) Performance and reward practices in foreign multinationals in the UK, Human Resource Management Journal,  23, 3, 241–261.

Almond, P. (2011) The sub-national embeddedness of international HRM, Human Relations, 64,4,531-551.

Almond, P. (2011) Re-visiting “Country of Origin” Effects on HRM in Multinational Corporations, Human Resource Management Journal, 21, 3, 258-271.

Almond, P. and Gonzalez Menendez, M. (2006) “Varieties of Capitalism: The Importance of Political and Social Choices”, Transfer, 12, 3, 407-426

Almond, P., Edwards, T., Colling, T., Ferner, A., Gunnigle, P., Müller-Camen, M., Quintanilla, J. and Wächter, H. (2005) “Unravelling Home and Host Country Effects: An Investigation of the HR Policies of a US Multinational in Four European Countries”, Industrial Relations (Berkeley), Vol.44,No.2,276-306.

Ferner, A. Almond, P., Colling, T. and Edwards, P. (2005) “Policies on union representation in US multinationals in the UK: between micro-politics and macro-institutions”, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 43, No. 4, 703-728.

Ferner, A., Almond, P. and Colling, T. (2005) “Institutional Theory and Cross-National Transfer: The Case of ‘Workforce Diversity’ Policy in US Multinationals”, Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 36, No. 3, 304-321.

Edwards, T., Almond, P., Clark, I., Colling, T. and Ferner, A. (2005) 'Reverse Diffusion in US Multinationals: Barriers from the American Business System', Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 42, No. 6, 1261-1286.

Clark, I., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P. and Wachter, H. (2005) The Americanisation of the European Business System?, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 36, No 6, 494-517.

Almond, P. (2004) “Industrial Relations as a discipline and field in France and the UK”, Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, Vol. 59, No. 2, 321-344.

Ferner, A., Almond, P., Clark, I., Colling, T., Edwards, T., Holden, L. and Muller-Camen, M. (2004) ‘The Dynamics of Central Control and Subsidiary Autonomy in the Management of Human Resources: Case Study Evidence from US MNCs in the UK’, Organisation Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3, 363-391.

Clark, I. and Almond, P. (2004) ‘Dynamism and Embeddedness: Towards a Lower Road? British Subsidiaries of US MNCs and the British Business System’ Industrial Relations Journal 35(5) 536-556.

Almond, P., Edwards, T. and Clark, I. (2003) Multinationals and Changing Business Systems in Europe: Toward the “Shareholder Value” Model?, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 34, No. 5.  pp. 430-445.

Clark, I., Colling, T., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P., Morley, M., Peters, R., and Portillo, M (2002) “Multinationals in Europe 2001-2: home country, host country and sectoral effects in the context of crisis”, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 33, No. 5, 446-464.

Muller-Camen M., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P., Quintanilla, J and Tempel, A. (2001) Between home and host country: multinationals and employment relations in Europe, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 32, No. 5, 435-448.

Almond, P. and Rubery, J. (1998) The gender impact of recent European trends in wage determination, Work, Employment and Society, Vol. 14, No.4

3. Book chapters

Kern, P., Almond, P., Edwards, T. and Tregaskis, O. (2019) Multinational and Transnational Organizations, in A Study, S Heusenkveld, T Reay and D Strang, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Management Ideas. Oxford: OUP.

Almond, P. (2017) The persistence of, and challenges to, societal effects in the context of global competition. In D. Grimshaw, C. Fagan, G. Hebson and I Tavora “Making Work More Equal”. Manchester University Press.

Almond, P. (2016) National employment systems and international HRM. In T. Edwards and C. Rees (eds.) International Human Resource Management: Globalization, National Systems and Multinational Companies, 2nd edn. Pearson.

Haynes, R. and Almond, P. (2015) Expatriate Functions in the Current Multinational Context: Moving Theory Forward. In R. van Tulder et al, eds., The Future of Global Organizing. Emerald

Almond, P. and Gonzalez, M. (2014) Geography and International HRM, in Collings, D., Wood, G. and Caligiuri, P., eds., The Routledge Companion to International Human Resource Management. Routledge.

Almond, P., Ferner, A., Gonzalez Menendez, M., Lavelle, J., and Monaghan, S. (2014) Multinational Corporations, Sub-National Governance and Human Resources: A Cross-National Comparison for Europe, in Richet, X., Delteil, V. and Dieuaide, P., eds., Strategies of Multinational Corporations and Social Regulations: European and Asian Perspectives. Springer.

Almond, P. and Tregaskis, O. (2014) “International HRM” in Beardwell, J. and Thompson, A., eds, Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach. Pearson.

Almond, P. and Gonzalez, M. (2013) “The Changing Nature of HRM, Organizational Change and Globalization”, in Martinez Lucio, M., ed., International and Global Employment Relations and Management: A Critical Approach. Sage.

Gonzalez, M. And Almond, P. (2012) “Flexible work practices”, in Brewster, C. And Mayrhofer, W.,eds. Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management. Edward Elgar.

Almond, P. and Gonzalez, M. (2011) “Gestión de los RRHH Comparada”, in Gonzalez, M.C., Gutierrez Palacios, R., Martinez Lucio, M. eds., Gestión de Recursos Humanos: Contexto y Políticas. Madrid: Thomson-Civitas, pp. 73-90

Edwards, T., Almond, P. And Colling, T. (2011) “Fleas on the backs of elephants: Researching the multinational company”, in Piekkari, R. and Welch, C., eds., Rethinking the Case Study in International Business and Management Research. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 411-430.

Almond, P. (2010) “Nations, regions and international HRM”, in Edwards, T. And Rees, C, eds.,

International Human Resource Management: Multinational Companies in Comparative Context. London: FT Prentice Hall, 50-66.

Rubery, J., Grimshaw, D. and Almond, P. (2010) “Multinational companies and the host country environment”, in Harzing, A.W. and Pinnigton, A, International Human Resource Management. London: Sage, 227-266.

Tregaskis, O. and Almond, P. (2010) “International HRM” in Beardwell, J and Claydon, T. Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach. London: FT Prentice Hall. 6th edition, 571-605.

Almond, P. and Tregaskis, O. (2007) “International HRM” in Beardwell, J and Claydon, T. Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach. London: FT Prentice Hall, 5th edition, 634-668.

Ferner, A. and Almond, P. (2006) “Introduction: American multinationals and the cross-national management of employment relations”, in Almond and Ferner (2006), details above, ­3-9.

Clark, I. and Almond, P. (2006) “Overview of the US business system”, in Almond and Ferner (2006), details above, 37-56.

Almond, P., Muller-Camen, M., Collings, D. and Quintanilla, J. (2006) “Pay and performance”, in Almond and Ferner (2006), details above., 119-145.

Almond, P., Colling, T., Edwards, T. and Ferner, A. (2006) “Conclusions”, in Almond and Ferner (2006), details above, 271-290.

Ferner, A., Almond, P., Butler, P., Clark, I., Colling, T., Edwards, T. And Holden, L. (2004) Das Human Resource Management amerikanischer unternehmen in Grossbritaninen, in Wachter, H. And Peters, R., eds., Personalpolitik amerikanischer Unternehmen in Europa. Munich: Rainer Hampp Verlag, 109-128.

Almond, P., Clark, I. and Tregaskis, O. (2004) HRM in Multinationals: A Comparative International Perspective, in Beardwell, I., Holden, L. and Claydon, T. Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach, 4th edition. Pearson, 587-636.

Clark, I., Colling, T., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P., Morley, M., Peters, R. and Portillo, M. (2004) “Multinationals in Europe 2001-2: Home country, host country and sector effects in the context of crisis”, in Towers, B. and Terry, M., eds., European Industrial Relations: Annual Review 2001/2002. Oxford: Blackwell, 97-122.

Muller-Camen, M., Almond, P. Gunnigle, P., Quintanilla, J. and Tempel, A. (2002) “Between home and host country: multinationals and employment relations in Europe”, in Towers, B. and Terry, M., eds., European Industrial Relations: Annual Review 2000/2001. Oxford: Blackwell, 107-126.

Almond, P. and Rubery, J. (2000), Deregulation and Societal Systems, in Maurice, M. and Sorge, A. (eds.) Embedding Organizations. John Benjamin, Amsterdam., 277-293.


Share this page:

Contact Details

School of Business
University of Leicester
University Road


AccessAble logo

The University of Leicester is committed to equal access to our facilities. DisabledGo has detailed accessibility guides for the Astley Clarke Building and the Ken Edwards Building.