Professor Philip Almond

Professor of International Management

Contact details

  • Tel: +44 (0)116 223 1884
  • Email:
  • Office: Room 513, Level 5, Ken Edwards Building
  • Office hours: By appointment (please email)

Personal details

I joined Leicester in June 2018 from Loughborough University, having previously worked at De Montfort University and the University of Manchester. I also held a visiting professor role at HEC Montréal (2017-18).

I am associate editor for the International Journal of Human Resource Management, and organiser of the “Institutional Experimentation for Better Work” network of the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics. I am also a lead member of CRIMT, a leading international research partnership researching globalisation and work.


  • International business

Administrative responsibilities

  • REF Lead, Business & Management


My broad research interest is in how management is shaped by economic, social, political and geographical contexts. Most of my research focuses on multinational companies, examining both their internal coordination, and the ways in which the disruptions to national and local business systems caused by corporate globalisation shape the decisions of managers, social actors and policy makers. My approach to researching these issues is strongly internationally comparative, based on a position that understanding the articulation of contemporary capitalism requires a deep understanding of local/national societies, as well as international dynamics. I have area expertise in Western Europe (particularly France and Spain), North America (particularly Canada/Quebec), and am currently developing research in Korea. My work is influenced by comparative sociology, political economy, and economic and political geography, as well as by work in organisation studies, human resource management and industrial relations.

I am currently working on a large project on “globalizing actors in multinationals”, funded by the ESRC and the Korean national research foundation, with colleagues from Loughborough, UEA, Seoul National University and the University of Montréal. This project investigates the ways in which individuals with international roles in multinationals create and diffuse norms affecting the management of human resources across Europe, North America and East Asia.

I am also a lead researcher of the major international research partnership project “Institutional Experimentation for Better Work”, based at the University of Montréal and funded by the Canadian SSHRC, which brings together more than 150 researchers in a dozen countries researching responses to the multiple disruptions currently facing the regulation of work and employment worldwide.

Previously, I was Principal Investigator of an ESRC project on multinationals, sub-national governance and human resources, which investigated regional approaches to the competition to attract foreign investment in the Canada, Ireland, Spain and the UK.


I am interested in supervising doctoral students across my areas of knowledge, particularly those adopting qualitative-led approaches to international comparisons.


Research monograph

Almond, P. and Ferner, A., eds. (2006) American Multinationals in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Refereed journal articles

Tregaskis, O. and Almond, P. (2018) Multinationals and skills policy networks: HRM as a player in economic and social concerns, British Journal of Management, in press.

Gonzalez, M, Almond, P. and Murray, G. (2018) Regional business systems and the governance of foreign direct investment in Canada, Spain and the UK, Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, 163, 3-20.

Gonzalez, M., Luque, D, Pruneda, G. and Almond, P. (2018) Embedding multinational firms in regional business systems: neoliberal and social-democratic models in Spain, Industrial Relations Journal, 49, 1, 50-68.

Rutherford, T., Murray, G., Almond, P. and Pelard, M. (2017) State Accumulation Projects and Inward Investment Regimes Strategies: Policies and Actors in Ontario and Quebec, Canada, published online ahead of print, Regional Studies.

Almond, P., Gonzalez, M.C., Lavelle, J. and Murray, G. (2017) The Local in the Global: Regions, Employment Systems and Multinationals, Industrial Relations Journal, 48, 2, 115-132.

Almond, P., Ferner, A. and Tregaskis, O. (2015) The changing context of regional governance of FDI in England. European Urban and Regional Studies, 22, 1, 61-76.

Almond, P. and Gonzalez Menendez, M. (2014) Cross-national comparative human resource management and the ideational sphere: a critical review. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 25, 18, 2591-2607.

Almond, P., Gonzalez Menendez, M., Gunnigle, P., Lavelle, J., Luque, D., Monaghan, S. and Murray, G. (2014) Multinationals and regional economies: embedding the regime shoppers? Transfer, 20, 2, 237-253.

Ferner, A. and Almond, P. (2013) Performance and reward practices in foreign multinationals in the UK, Human Resource Management Journal, 23, 3, 241–261.

Almond, P. (2011) The sub-national embeddedness of international HRM, Human Relations, 64,4,531-551.

Almond, P. (2011) Re-visiting “Country of Origin” Effects on HRM in Multinational Corporations, Human Resource Management Journal, 21, 3, 258-271.

Almond, P. and Gonzalez Menendez, M. (2006) Varieties of Capitalism: The Importance of Political and Social Choices, Transfer, 12, 3, 407-426

Almond, P., Edwards, T., Colling, T., Ferner, A., Gunnigle, P., Müller-Camen, M., Quintanilla, J. and Wächter, H. (2005) Unravelling Home and Host Country Effects: An Investigation of the HR Policies of a US Multinational in Four European Countries, Industrial Relations (Berkeley), Vol.44, No.2,276-306.

Ferner, A. Almond, P., Colling, T. and Edwards, P. (2005) Policies on union representation in US multinationals in the UK: between micro-politics and macro-institutions, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 43, No. 4, 703-728.

Ferner, A., Almond, P. and Colling, T. (2005) Institutional Theory and Cross-National Transfer: The Case of ‘Workforce Diversity’ Policy in US Multinationals, Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 36, No. 3, 304-321.

Edwards, T., Almond, P., Clark, I., Colling, T. and Ferner, A. (2005) 'Reverse Diffusion in US Multinationals: Barriers from the American Business System', Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 42, No. 6, 1261-1286.

Clark, I., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P. and Wachter, H. (2005) The Americanisation of the European Business System?, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 36, No 6, 494-517.

Almond, P. (2004) Industrial Relations as a discipline and field in France and the UK, Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, Vol. 59, No. 2, 321-344.

Ferner, A., Almond, P., Clark, I., Colling, T., Edwards, T., Holden, L. and Muller-Camen, M. (2004) The Dynamics of Central Control and Subsidiary Autonomy in the Management of Human Resources: Case Study Evidence from US MNCs in the UK, Organisation Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3, 363-391.

Clark, I. and Almond, P. (2004) Dynamism and Embeddedness: Towards a Lower Road? British Subsidiaries of US MNCs and the British Business System, Industrial Relations Journal 35(5) 536-556.

Almond, P., Edwards, T. and Clark, I. (2003) Multinationals and Changing Business Systems in Europe: Toward the “Shareholder Value” Model?, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 34, No. 5. pp. 430-445.

Clark, I., Colling, T., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P., Morley, M., Peters, R., and Portillo, M (2002) Multinationals in Europe 2001-2: home country, host country and sectoral effects in the context of crisis, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 33, No. 5, 446-464.

Muller-Camen M., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P., Quintanilla, J and Tempel, A. (2001) Between home and host country: multinationals and employment relations in Europe, Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 32, No. 5, 435-448.

Almond, P. and Rubery, J. (1998) The gender impact of recent European trends in wage determination, Work, Employment and Society, Vol. 14, No.4

Book chapters

Kern, P., Almond, P., Edwards, T., and Tregaskis, O. (forthcoming) Multinational and Transnational Organizations, in A. Sturdy, S. Heusinkveld, T. Reay and D. Strang, eds.,The Oxford Handbook of Management Ideas. Oxford University Press.

Almond, P. (2017) The persistence of, and challenges to, societal effects in the context of global competition. In D. Grimshaw, C. Fagan, G. Hebson and I Tavora “Making Work More Equal”. Manchester University Press.

Almond, P. (2016) National employment systems and international HRM. In T. Edwards and C. Rees (eds.) International Human Resource Management: Globalization, National Systems and Multinational Companies, 2nd edn. Pearson.

Haynes, R. and Almond, P. (2015) Expatriate Functions in the Current Multinational Context: Moving Theory Forward. In R. van Tulder et al, eds., The Future of Global Organizing. Emerald

Almond, P. and Gonzalez, M. (2014) Geography and International HRM, in Collings, D., Wood, G. and Caligiuri, P., eds., The Routledge Companion to International Human Resource Management. Routledge.

Almond, P., Ferner, A., Gonzalez Menendez, M., Lavelle, J., and Monaghan, S. (2014) Multinational Corporations, Sub-National Governance and Human Resources: A Cross-National Comparison for Europe, in Richet, X., Delteil, V. and Dieuaide, P., eds., Strategies of Multinational Corporations and Social Regulations: European and Asian Perspectives. Springer.

Almond, P. and Tregaskis, O. (2014) “International HRM” in Beardwell, J. and Thompson, A., eds, Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach. Pearson.

Almond, P. and Gonzalez, M. (2013) “The Changing Nature of HRM, Organizational Change and Globalization”, in Martinez Lucio, M., ed., International and Global Employment Relations and Management: A Critical Approach. Sage.

Gonzalez, M. And Almond, P. (2012) “Flexible work practices”, in Brewster, C. And Mayrhofer, W.,eds. Handbook of Research on Comparative Human Resource Management. Edward Elgar.

Almond, P. and Gonzalez, M. (2011) “Gestión de los RRHH Comparada”, in Gonzalez, M.C., Gutierrez Palacios, R., Martinez Lucio, M. eds., Gestión de Recursos Humanos: Contexto y Políticas. Madrid: Thomson-Civitas, pp. 73-90

Edwards, T., Almond, P. And Colling, T. (2011) “Fleas on the backs of elephants: Researching the multinational company”, in Piekkari, R. and Welch, C., eds., Rethinking the Case Study in International Business and Management Research. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 411-430.

Almond, P. (2010) “Nations, regions and international HRM”, in Edwards, T. And Rees, C, eds., International Human Resource Management: Multinational Companies in Comparative Context. London: FT Prentice Hall, 50-66.

Rubery, J., Grimshaw, D. and Almond, P. (2010) “Multinational companies and the host country environment”, in Harzing, A.W. and Pinnigton, A, International Human Resource Management. London: Sage, 227-266.

Tregaskis, O. and Almond, P. (2010) “International HRM” in Beardwell, J and Claydon, T. Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach. London: FT Prentice Hall. 6th edition, 571-605.

Almond, P. and Tregaskis, O. (2007) “International HRM” in Beardwell, J and Claydon, T. Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach. London: FT Prentice Hall, 5th edition, 634-668.

Ferner, A. and Almond, P. (2006) “Introduction: American multinationals and the cross-national management of employment relations”, in Almond and Ferner (2006), details above, ¬3-9.

Clark, I. and Almond, P. (2006) “Overview of the US business system”, in Almond and Ferner (2006), details above, 37-56.

Almond, P., Muller-Camen, M., Collings, D. and Quintanilla, J. (2006) “Pay and performance”, in Almond and Ferner (2006), details above., 119-145.

Almond, P., Colling, T., Edwards, T. and Ferner, A. (2006) “Conclusions”, in Almond and Ferner (2006), details above, 271-290.

Ferner, A., Almond, P., Butler, P., Clark, I., Colling, T., Edwards, T. And Holden, L. (2004) Das Human Resource Management amerikanischer unternehmen in Grossbritaninen, in Wachter, H. And Peters, R., eds., Personalpolitik amerikanischer Unternehmen in Europa. Munich: Rainer Hampp Verlag, 109-128.

Almond, P., Clark, I. and Tregaskis, O. (2004) HRM in Multinationals: A Comparative International Perspective, in Beardwell, I., Holden, L. and Claydon, T. Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach, 4th edition. Pearson, 587-636.

Clark, I., Colling, T., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P., Morley, M., Peters, R. and Portillo, M. (2004) “Multinationals in Europe 2001-2: Home country, host country and sector effects in the context of crisis”, in Towers, B. and Terry, M., eds., European Industrial Relations: Annual Review 2001/2002. Oxford: Blackwell, 97-122.

Muller-Camen, M., Almond, P. Gunnigle, P., Quintanilla, J. and Tempel, A. (2002) “Between home and host country: multinationals and employment relations in Europe”, in Towers, B. and Terry, M., eds., European Industrial Relations: Annual Review 2000/2001. Oxford: Blackwell, 107-126.

Almond, P. and Rubery, J. (2000), Deregulation and Societal Systems, in Maurice, M. and Sorge, A. (eds.) Embedding Organizations. John Benjamin, Amsterdam., 277-293


Twitter: @PhilAlmond1

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School of Business
University of Leicester
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