Dr Chris Grocott

Lecturer in Management and Economic History

Contact detailsChris Grocott updated

  • Tel: + 44 (0)116 223 1779
  • Office: Room 318, Level Three, Ken Edwards Building
  • Office hours: By appointment only

Personal details

I am a Lecturer in Management and Economic History here at the University of Leicester School of Business. Before joining the School in April 2013, I held appointments at Birmingham, De Montfort, and Lancaster universities. My research and teaching cross the disciplines of both management studies and history. In June 2015, I was awarded Chartered Manager status by the Chartered Management Institute, whilst in November 2015 I was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. In 2013 my teaching was recognised by the award of a Fellowship of the Higher Education Academy.

Broadly, I am interested in political economy and the history of economic thought. My research brings together traditional archival approaches to history and combines them with theoretical insights derived from the social sciences.

Within the School I am the Media Lead and the School of Business's Senior Ethics Officer.


For the academic year 2018-19 I am module leader for the following modules:

  • MN1000 Management Theory and Debate
  • MN1025 Introduction to Management for Accounting and Finance
  • MN3101/3 Dissertation

Administrative responsibilities

  • Senior Ethics Officer
  • Media Lead


My research focusses on the development of political economy and economic thought. Present projects include:

Friedrich Hayek and the History of British Economic Thought.  This work draws out new perspectives on Hayek’s political economy by examining his interactions with British colonial government in the 1940s; the disconnect between Hayek’s liberal views and social democratic ideas inspired by Keynes and Beveridge is explored.  By doing so, this work allows for a re-examination of Hayek’s work in later years.  In particular, Hayek’s commitment to his own beliefs, used as a justification for government policy in the 1980s and beyond, is questioned.

Re-examining labour organisation in the British Empire.  This work examines the export of British-style trade union activity to British colonies and its impact upon indigenous forms of labour organisation.  Working with Jo Grady, at the University of Sheffield School of Management, and Gareth Stockey, at the University of Nottingham Department of Spanish, Portuguese and Latin American studies, we have already published on anarchism in Gibraltar and the surrounding Spanish hinterland.  And we have also examined the role of the Transport and General Workers’ Union displacing anarchist organisation in Gibraltar, speculating at the possibility of the existence of a form of ‘industrial relations imperialism’.

The imperialism and free trade, historical and contemporary perspectives.  This work ties together my research on imperialism with conceptual approaches to neoliberalism.  A co-edited volume addressing themes of imperialism, both historical and contemporary is forthcoming later this year and which brings together fourteen contributors drawn from the academy, the labour movement, and NGOs.

Drawing upon my expertise in political economy, I have contributed scripts to popular videos on the life and work of Friedrich Hayek and John Maynard Keynes.  And My extensive expertise on the history, politics and economy of Gibraltar has been called upon by radio programmes, periodicals such as the New Statesman, and by government.


I am interested in supervising doctoral theses in the following areas:

  • Political economy.
  • The history of economic thought.
  • The ideas, activities, and organisation of trade unions and other worker’s movements such as anarchism (both in the contemporary world and historically).
  • The development of capitalism and the relationship between the state, labour, and capital.
  • The British Empire; decolonisation and post-colonial society; imperialism.
  • All aspects of the remaining UK overseas dependent territories, and in particular Gibraltar.
    Current Doctoral Students

Roy Clinton, ‘The Business Community of Gibraltar, 1806-1895: Development, Organisation and Trade’.

Tommy Norton, ‘At the crossroads: Gibraltar and European integration (1957-86)’. See some of Tommy’s National Archives (UK) blog posts here.

External Examiner

Nick Sharman (2020), ‘Britain and Spain: Free Trade, Protectionism and Britain’s Informal Empire, 1830 to 1950’.  (PhD Thesis: University of Nottingham).




Grocott, C. & Stockey, J. (2012) Gibraltar: A Modern History.  (Cardiff: University of Wales Press).

Edited Collection

Grady, J. & Grocott, C. (eds.) (2019) The Continuing Imperialism of Free Trade: Developments, Trends, and the Role of Supranational Organisations.  (London: Routledge).


Grocott, C., Stockey, G, & Grady, J. (2018) ‘Reformers and revolutionaries: the battle for the working classes in Gibraltar and its hinterland, 1902-1921’, Labor History, Vol. 59 (6): 692-719.

Grocott, C., (2017) ‘Friedrich Hayek’s Fleeting Foray into 1940s Colonial Development’, European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 24 (5): 1085-1106.

Grocott, C., Stockey, G, & Grady, J. (2015) ‘Anarchy in the UK(‘s Most Famous Fortress): Comradeship and Cupidity in Gibraltar and Neighbouring Spain 1890-1902’, Labor History, 56 (4): 385-406.

Grocott, C. (2015) ‘Compromising Liberty: Friedrich Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom in Practice’, Economy and Society, 44 (1): 140-164.

Grocott, C. & Grady, J. (2014) ‘“Naked Abroad” – The Continuing Imperialism of Free Trade’, Capital and Class, 38 (3): 541-562.

Godfrey, R., Brewis, J., Grady, J., & Grocott, C. (2014) ‘The Private Security Industry and Neoliberal Imperialism: Mapping the Terrain’Organization, 21 (1): 106-125.

Grocott, C. (2009) ‘A Fine Soldier but a Maligned Governor: General Sir Archibald Hunter, Governor of Gibraltar 1910-1913’Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 37 (3): 421-439.

Book Chapters

Grocott, C., Stockey, G., & Grady, J. (2019) ‘Cross Frontier Class Solidarities in Gibraltar and the Campo, 1880-1928 and Beyond’, in, Canessa, A. (ed.) (2019, forthcoming) Bordering on Britishness- National Identity in Gibraltar from the Spanish Civil War to Brexit. (London: Palgrave): 67-89.

Grocott C., & Grady, J. (2019) ‘Introduction – The Continuing Imperialism of Free Trade’, in, Grady, J. & Grocott, C. (eds.) (2019) The Continuing Imperialism of Free Trade: Developments, Trends, and the Role of Supranational Organisations. (London: Routledge).

Grocott, C. (2018) ‘On the Rock: Hayek’s 1944 Proposals for the Gibraltar Economy’, in, Leeson, R. (ed.) (2018) Hayek: A Collaborative Biography, Part XIII Fascism and Liberalism in the (Austrian) Classical Tradition. (London: Palgrave): 193-210.

Grocott, C. (2012) ‘British Identity and Constitutional Reform in Gibraltar’, in, Matthews, J. & Travers, D. (eds.) (2012) Islands and Britishness: A Global Perspective.  (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing): 149-161.

Grocott, C. (2011) ‘Ideology’, in, Krossa, S. (ed.) (2011) Europe in a Global Context.  (Hampshire: Palgarve): 38-49.

Book Reviews

Grocott, C. (2020) [Review of: A. Canessa, Barrier and Bridge: Spanish and Gibraltarian Perspectives on Their Border]. Bulletin of Spanish Studies, Vol 96 (10): 1721-1722.

Grocott, C. (2018) [Review of N. Rankin, Defending the Rock: How Gibraltar Defeated Hitler]. RUSI Journal (online first).

Grocott, C. (2018) [Review of V. Varoufakis, Adults in the Room].  Capital and Class, 42 (1): 176-177.

Grocott, C. (2017) [Review of A. Offer & G. Sodenburg, The Nobel Factor]. Capital and Class, 41 (2): 389-390.

Grocott, C. (2015) [Review of: A. Anivas & K. Nişancioğlu, How the West Came to Rule].  E-International Relations, 16 December 2015.

Grocott, C. (2014) [Review of: J. Petras & H. Veltmeyer, Imperialism and Capitalism in the Twenty-First Century: A System in Crisis].  Capital and Class, 38 (3), 2014: 644-646.

Grocott, C. (2012) [Review of: R. Kiely, Rethinking Imperialism].  Capital and Class, 36 (1): 178-180.

Grocott, C. (2011) [Review of: A. Callinicos, Bonfire of Illusions]. Capital and Class, 35 (3): 488-491.

Grocott, C. (2010) [Review Article: ‘Britain and the Franco Regime: Diplomatic and Imperial Perspectives’].  Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, 16 (2/3): 219-224.

Grocott, C. (2010) [Review of: A. Cazorla Sánchez, Fear and Progress: Ordinary Lives in Franco’s Spain, 1939-1975].  Reviews in History, July 2010.

Grocott, C. (2010) [Review of: M. A. Conley, From Jack Tar to Union Jack].  Journal of Gender Studies, 19 (2): 222-223.

Grocott, C. (2010) [Review of: A. Woollacott, Gender and Empire].  Journal of the History of Sexuality, 19 (2): 368-371.

Grocott, C. (2009) [Review of: J. A. Piquera and V. Sanz Rozalen (eds.), A Social History of Spanish Labour].  Work, Employment and Society, 23 (4): 814-815.

Grocott, C. (2009) [Review of: K. Reid, Gender, Crime, and Empire].  Journal of Gender Studies, 18 (2): 198-200.


Publications in the Media

Political Economy

My work on political economy has featured in both magazines (‘Compromising Liberty, Friedrich Hayek's 1944 Report on the Gibraltar Economy’) and blogs (‘Has Tony Blair Gone Hayekian?’), helping to explain how political economy affects people’s lives on a day-to-day basis.  I have also scripted videos on the life and work of John Maynard Keynes and Friedrich Hayek, these videos have brought Keynes’ and Hayek’s ideas to a substantial audience with over half a million views between them.

Gibraltar: Economy, Sovereignty and Politics

Having studied various aspects of Gibraltar for many years, I have been well placed to comment in the media on the on-going sovereignty dispute and its political and economic effect on Gibraltar and its surrounding Spanish hinterland.

In particular, regarding the ongoing pressure upon the Gibraltar frontier I argue the need for the UK to support Gibraltar, both bi-laterally and through bodies such as the EU, in order secure to safeguard the Rock’s economy.  (See in The Conversation, ‘After 300 Years, More Monkey Business on Rock of Gibraltar’; Leicester press release, ‘Gibraltar Border Tensions May Remain Until Change of Spanish Government’, for Gibraltar news site YGTV, ‘Gibraltarians Need to be Put First’ and  ‘Why Does Spanish Border Pressure Continue?’)

These pressures at the frontier only intensified during the run-up to the Brexit referendum and now during the ongoing Brexit negotiations.  (See for The Conversation'Gibraltar is Keeping a Close Eye on the British Election – But It Doesn’t Get a Vote’, ‘Rock in a Hard Place: What the EU Referendum Means for Gibraltar’, ‘Gibraltar Voted to Remain in the EU, So Where Next for the Rock?’; for the Royal United Services Institute, ‘Gibraltar’s Brexit Challenge’; for the LSE Blog ‘Soft Rock: the power shifts in Madrid and London could help Gibraltar’; and for YGTV. ‘Brexit and Gibraltar: A Look Through the Prism of Commemorations of the Spanish Civil War’.)  For British perceptions of Gibraltar, see ‘Gibraltar: Britain in The Sun’.

Labour Organisation in the British Empire

My work on labour organisation in the empire has featured in both the UK and Gibraltar media.  A series of two articles for the New Statesman (17 November and 24 November 2015) and three articles for the Gibraltar Magazine (January, February and March 2016) outlines how anarchist labour organisation in Gibraltar was replaced by a British style trade unionism in the form of the Transport and General Workers’ Union, an act of what we might call ‘industrial relations imperialism’.  The consequences for the Campo de Gibraltar during the Spanish Civil War were explored in 2016 as part of a commemoration of the beginning of the Civil War, organised by the local branch of UNITE the union (see an interview with me in the Gibraltar Chronicle, ‘Gibraltar and the Spanish Civil War: How Can We Broaden the Debate


You can find copies of my papers at: https://leicester.academia.edu/ChrisGrocott

And I Tweet at: @DrChrisGrocott


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