Research Seminars

Forthcoming

Date/Time/LocationDivisionTitleSpeakerAbstract

Date:

Time: 13:30 - 15:00

Venue: Brookfield Teaching Centre, Seminar Room 0.42 a and b

Economics Gender Wage Gap at the Top, Job Inflexibility and Product Market Competition

Dr Pehr-Johan Norback, Research Institute of Industrial Economics

Research show that women are disadvantaged in inflexible occupations. We show that this will imply that female managers are on average more skilled than male managers. Due to the higher hurdles faced by women, only the most skilled among them will pursue a management career. This implies that female managers will, on average, be more beneficial for the firm when product market competition is intense. Using detailed matched employee-employer data, we find that (i) more intense product market competition leads to relatively higher wages for female managers and (ii) the share of female managers is higher in firms in more competitive industries.

 

Previous 2019 seminars

Date/Time/LocationDivisionTitleSpeakerAbstract

Date: 10 April 2019

Time: 13:30 - 15:00

Venue: Brookfield Teaching Centre, Seminar Room 0.42a and 0.42b

Economics Magic Mirror in my Hand … How Trade Mirror Statistics can help us Detect Illegal Financial Flows Dr Mario Gara, Bank of Italy Misreporting tricks of different sort applied to the transfer of goods between different countries are typically exploited by criminals worldwide for money laundering ends. The main international anti-money laundering organisations started paying attention to this phenomenon, dubbed “Trade-Based Money Laundering” (TBML), a long time ago, but the failure to develop appropriate analytical tools has reportedly dogged preventive actions. Nonetheless, literature has widely advocated the possibility that the analysis of inconsistencies in mirrored bilateral trade data could provide some help. By building on previous contributions in the field, this work sets up a model factoring in the main structural determinants of discrepancies between mirrored data concerning Italy’s 2010 to 2013 external trade at a highly detailed (6-digit) level of goods classification for each partner country. Point estimates of freight costs are used to net each observation of the corresponding cif/fobdiscrepancy. The regression estimates are then deployed in order to compute TBML risk indicators at a country/(4-digit) product level. Based on the indicators rankings of countries and product lines can be compiled, which may be used for a risk-driven search of potential illegal commercial transactions.

Date: 27 March 2019

Time: 12:00 - 13:00

Venue: Brookfield Teaching Centre, Seminar Room 0.41

Management and Organisation Controlling Community Responses to Mining Operations  – A study of the workings of corporate hegemony in Albania Sara Persson, Sodertorn University, Sweden Many business scholars have disregarded corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities as mere window dressing, operating as a smokescreen to hide illegitimate corporate practises. Others have pointed to these activities as hegemonic articulations, as a way to strengthen corporate alliances with and dominance over other actors in society. In my PhD project I look at how corporate hegemony and CSR activities are linked at the local level, focusing on the Canadian oil company Bankers Petroleum Ltd. (Bankers) and their operations in Patos-Marinza, an area in south-central Albania with close proximity between oil extraction and residences. Between 2010 and 2015, I was involved as a consultant and staff member working in Bankers’ Community Relations Department in Patos-Marinza. Part of my empirical material are autobiographic narratives that I wrote down shortly after leaving Bankers, with the intent to capture my thoughts as a CSR professional before being socialised into the academic realm. In addition to these autobiographic narratives, my study is based on interviews with Bankers’ managers and staff, Bankers’ contractors, local government representatives, and residents in Patos- Marinza communities as well as reports and communication material from various actors.

Date: 13 March 2019

Time: 13:30 - 15:00

Venue: Brookfield Teaching Centre, Seminar Room 0.42

Economics Social Networks and State Repression Professor Shanker Satyanath, New York University We demonstrate the strong role of social networks in the exercise of state violence in Argentina in the 1970s.  We then examine the persistence and robustness of these networks over the past century, highlighting the strong links between social connections, business connections, and political connections.  In particular we demonstrate the strong role of social elites in sustaining non-democratic regimes.

Date: 6 March 2019

Time: 1:30 pm - 3:00 pm

Venue: Seminar Room 527, Ken Edwards Building

Economics Gender, Competition and Performance: Evidence from Real Tournaments Dr Santiago Sanchez-Pages, King's College London This paper studies gender differences in performance in a high-stakes and male dominated competitive environment, expert chess tournaments. We find that women underperform compared to men of the same skill and that the gender composition of games drives this effect. Using a unique measure of within-game quality of play, we show that this gender interaction is due to women making more mistakes against men, rather than to men making fewer mistakes against women. Our results suggest that the gender composition of competitions affects behaviour in ways that are detrimental to the performance of women.

Date: 4 March 2019

Time: 3:30 pm - 5:00 pm

Venue: Room 501, Ken Edwards Building

Management and Organisation Social Infrastructure and Austerity - The Case of Public Libraries Katja Thiele, University of Bonn Digital technologies are not only relevant in business and entrepreneurship, but are also changing the provision of public services. Public libraries are an especially interesting example, as they are affected by digitization both through new forms of services and with regard to their organization and service provision. As part of social infrastructures, they contribute to educational justice and therefore are an essential subject of communal and national educational politics and discourses, which are guided by values and norms regarding the provision of public service and welfare. As public libraries are a voluntary communal service and in view of scarce financial resources and austerity policies, however, they increasingly have to justify their services and structures and organize them more economically. It is in this situation that digitization provides both a challenge and an opportunity. As a result, public libraries have for many years been in a process of restructuring, in which digitization plays a key role and which changes service provision with respect to central versus decentralized structures.
By looking at the examples of Bonn (Germany) and Leicester (UK), the research will address the ways in which digital technology in context of austerity policies shape public libraries, their services and organization and explore the implications that these changes have on service provision and educational justice.

Date: 6 February 2019

Time: 1.30pm - 3.00pm

Venue: Room 526, Ken Edwards Building

Economics Do coalitions matter in designing institutions? Dr Michele Lombardi, University of Glasgow In this paper, we re-examine the classical questions of implementation theory under complete information in a setting where coalitions are the fundamental behavioral units and the outcomes of their interactions are predicted by applying the solution concept of the core. The planner's exercise consists of designing a code of rights, which specifies the collection of coalitions that have the right to block one outcome by moving to another. A code of individual rights is a code of rights in which only unit coalitions may have blocking powers. We provide necessary and sufficient conditions for implementation (under core equilibria) by codes of rights as well as by codes of individual rights. We show that these two modes of implementation are not equivalent. This result is proven robust and extends to alternative notions of core, such as that of an externally stable core. Therefore, coalitions are shown to bring value added to institutional design. The characterization results address the limitations that restrict the relevance of existing implementation theory.

Date: 23 January 2019

Time: 1.30pm - 3.00pm

Venue: Room 526, Ken Edwards Building

Economics How Polarised are Citizens? Measuring Ideology from the Group Up Dr Mirko Draca, Warwick University Strong evidence has been emerging that major democracies have become more politically polarized, at least according to measures based on the ideological positions of political elites. We ask: have the general public (‘citizens’) followed the same pattern? Our approach is based on unsupervised machine learning models as applied to issue-position survey data. This approach firstly indicates that coherent, latent ideologies are strongly apparent in the data, with a number of major, stable types that we label as: Liberal Centrist, Conservative Centrist, Left Anarchist and Right Anarchist. Using this framework, and a resulting measure of ‘citizen slant’, we are then able to decompose the shift in ideological positions across the population over time. Specifically, we find evidence of a ‘disappearing center’ in a range of countries with citizens shifting away from centrist ideologies into anti-establishment ‘anarchist’ ideologies over time. This trend is especially pronounced for the US.

Date: 16 January 2019

Time: 1.30pm - 3.00pm

Venue: Room 0.42, Teaching Centre, Brookfield

Economics A Positive Effect of Political Dynasties: the case of France's 1940 enabling act Professor Pierre-Guillaume, Méon, ULB, Brussels

The literature on political dynasties in democracies usually considers dynasties as a homogenous group and points out their negative effects. By contrast, we argue that political dynasties may differ according to their origin and that democratic dynasties - dynasties whose founder was a defender of democratic ideals - show a stronger support for democracy than other dynasties. This conclusion is based on the analysis of the vote by the French parliament on July 10, 1940 of an enabling act that granted full power to Marshall Philippe Pétain, thereby ending the Third French republic and aligning France with Nazi Germany. Using individual votes and newly-collected data from the biographies of the members of parliament, we observe that members of a democratic dynasty had a 7.6 to 9.0 percentage points higher probability to oppose the act than members of other political dynasties or elected representatives belonging to no political dynasty. Suggestive evidence points to the pro-democracy environment of democratic dynastic politicians as the main driver of this effect.

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