Open Educational Resources: A Short Bibliography

Open Educational Resources (OERs)

1.       Cape Town Open Education Declaration: Unlocking the promise of open educational resources [] accessed 17-09-09

2.       Caswell, T., Henson, S., Jenson, M., & Wiley, D. (2008). ‘Open Educational Resources: Enabling Universal Education’. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 9/1

3.       Cooksey, R., (2005). I Walk the Open Road: Toward an Open Source Philosophy. The European Graduate School Division of Media and Communications. Master Thesis

4.       Huijser, H., Bedford, T., and Bull, D., (2008) OpenCourseWare, Global Access and the Right to Education: Real access or marketing ploy? International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 9/1

5.       OER Africa (2008). ‘The Potential of Open Educational Resources. Concept Paper Prepared by OER Africa’ [] accessed 17-09-09

6.       Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development-OECD. (2007) Giving Knowledge for Free: The Emergence of Open Educational Resources. Paris: OECD- Educational Resources Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

7.       UNESCO (2009) Open educational resources: conversations in cyberspace. D’Antoni, S., & Savage, C., (Eds). Paris: UNESCO

OERs and copyright

1.       Bissell, A., & Boyle, J. (2007). ‘Towards a Global Learning Commons: ccLearn’. Educational Technology, 4/6, pp. 5-9

2.       Marshall, S. (2008). ‘Worlds in Collision: Copyright, Technology and Education’. Innovate, 4/5. []. Accessed 17-09-09

3.       Naomi, K. ‘IPR Toolkit: overview of this Toolkit and key issues’. [] accessed 17-09-2009

Evaluating OERs

1.       Currier, S., Campbell, L.M., (2002). Evaluating learning resources for Reusability: the “dner & learning objects” study, ASCILITE 2002 conference proceedings

2.       Daniel, B. K., and Mohan, P., (2004). A Model for Evaluating Learning Objects.  Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies

3.       Hylén, J., (2006). Open Educational Resources: Opportunities and Challenges. OECD’s Centre for Educational Research and Innovation. Paris, France [,3400,en_2649_35845581_1_1_1_1_1,00.html] Accessed 17-09-09

4.       Iiyoshi, T., and  Vijay Kumar M.S., (Eds) (2008) Opening Up Education: The Collective Advancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press

5.       Schoonenboom, J., Sligte, H.,  and Kliphuis, E,. (2009) ‘Guidelines for supporting re-use of existing digital learning materials and methods in higher education’, ALT-J, Research in Learning Technology 17/2, pp. 131–141

OERs and learning design

1.       Boyle T. (2006). et al., ‘An Agile method for developing learning objects’, Proceedings of the 23rd annual ascilite conference

2.       Boyle, T. (2009). ‘The design of Learning Objects for Pedagogical impact’In Learning Design and learning objects: Issues, applications and technologies.  Lockyer L. et al., New York – Information Science Reference, pp. 391-407

3.       Littlejohn, A. and Buckingham, S. (2003). ‘Reusing Online Resources’. Journal of Interactive Media in Education

4.       McAndrew, P., and Weller, M., (2005) ‘Applying Learning Design to Supported Open Learning’.  In Learning Design: A Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training, Koper, Rob; Tattersall, Colin (Eds.), Springer-Verlag 2005.

5.       Oliver, R. (2007) ‘Reusing and sharing learning designs in higher education’, In Enhancing Higher Education, Theory and Scholarship, Proceedings of the 30th HERDSA Annual Conference, Adelaide, 8-11 July 2007, pp X429

6.       Smith S.N. (2005) ‘Learning Objects, Learning Object Repositories, and Learning Theory: Preliminary Best Practices for Online Courses’. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects, 1, 2005

7.       Sontag, M. 2009. A learning theory for 21st-century students. Innovate 5 (4). []

Sustainability of OERs

1.       D'Antoni, S. (2007). Open Educational Resources. The Way Forward. Deliberations of an international community of interest. Paris: UNESCO Institute for Educational Planning

2.       Downes, S. (2007). ‘Models for Sustainable Open Educational Resources’. Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects, 3, pp. 29-44

3.       Koohang, A., & Harman, K. (2007) ‘Advancing Sustainability of Open Educational Resources’. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 4

4.       Li Yuan; Sheila Mac_eill; Wilbert Kraan (2007) Open Educational Resources – Opportunities and Challenges for Higher Education. JISC CETIS [found at:]

5.       UNESCO (2009). ‘The New Dynamics of Higher Education and Research For Societal Change and Development’. 2009 World Conference on Higher Education: Paris: UNESCO  

6.       Wiley, D. (2007). On the Sustainability of Open Educational Resource Initiatives in Higher Education. Paris: OECD, Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI). []

7.       Wilson, T. (2008) ‘New Ways of Mediating Learning: Investigating the implications of adopting open educational resources for tertiary education in an institution in the United Kingdom as compared to one in South Africa’. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 9/1

Metadata matters and OERs

1.       Duval E. (2007) Open metadata for open educational resources in an open infrastructure, Proceedings of the OpenLearn2007 Conference. 30–31 October 2007

2.       Gilliland-Swetland, A.J., (2000) Introduction to Metadata Pathways to Digital Information.

3.       Hillmann, D., (2005) Using Dublin Core By.

4.       Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (2002) Draft Standard for Learning Object Metadata IEEE 1484.12.1-2002

5.       The MASIE Center (2002) Making Sense of Learning Specifications & Standards: A Decision Maker's Guide to their Adoption. March 8, 2002


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