SMELT - Research into use of the 5-Stage Model and E-tivities in Learning and Teaching.

Gilly Salmon's 5-stage model and e-tivities framework have been used successfully to support learning in a variety of contexts, courses, disciplines, types and levels of education from schools to masters to continuing professional development.

This project aims to find out how they have been applied in learning and teaching across the world in the last ten years. We know that teachers have used them in a variety of different ways, adapting and developing the models to suit their own purposes. As part of the background to a new book, we would like to find out about the models in practice. The general results of this research will be made available to all practitioners.

If you have any good examples of using the 5-stage model or e-tivities,


Or download a Word version of the survey and email it back to me

OR contact Helen Whitehead at

The 5-stage model

E-moderating: The Key to Teaching and Learning Online


Gilly Salmon, (2004) Routledge Falmer

ISBN: 0415335442


E-tivities: The Key to Active Online Learning


Gilly Salmon, (2002) Routledge Falmer,

ISBN: 0749431105

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Sorry, we're closed

The Institute of Learning Innovation (formerly the Beyond Distance Research Alliance) has now closed.

This website preserves an archive of the projects we worked on.

Thank you to everyone who contributed to the BDRA/ILI over the years.