Dr. Eric Guiry

Dr. Eric Guiry Photo

Lecturer in Biomolecular Archaeology

BSc Hon. (Anthropology, Lakehead University), BSc (Natural Science, Lakehead University), MA (Archaeology, Memorial University of Newfoundland), PhD (Anthropology, University of British Columbia)

Tel:       To be confirmed

Personal details

Growing up in Canada, I developed a keen interest in the natural world and understanding how people interact with their environment. I studied anthropology, archaeology, and biology during my undergraduate, and became interested in how chemical analyses of ancient proteins can be used to explore the lives of past peoples and ecosystems. Using these techniques, my graduate work investigated the socioeconomic roles played by animals in historical North America. My current research programme seeks to further broaden the ability of these analyses to help reframe our understanding of long-term environmental changes and human-animal relationships spanning the Holocene and across the globe.

Teaching

My teaching focuses primarily on archaeological sciences and environmental archaeology, particularly as explored through analyses of biological materials.

Research

My research focuses on how isotopic analyses of archaeological animal and human remains can be used to better understand:
  1. The social and economic roles that animals have played in past societies;
  2. Past ecosystem dynamics in order to explore how humans have altered their environments.

Personal website link

Selected Publications

  • 2020 Guiry, E., Orchard, T.J., Needs-Hoawarth, S., Szpak, P. Isotopic evidence for garden hunting and resource depression in the Late Woodland of northeastern North America. Accepted. American Antiquity.
  • 2020 Guiry, E., Buckley, M., Orchard, T., Hawkins, A., Needs-Howarth, S., Holm, E., Szpak, P. Deforestation caused abrupt shift in Great Lakes ecosystem. Limnology and Oceanography. In Press. DOI:10.1002/lno.11428
  • 2020 Guiry, E., Orchard, T.J., Royle, T, Cheung, C.C., Yang, D.Y. Dietary plasticity and the extinction of the passenger pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius). Quaternary Science Reviews, 233: 106225. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2020.106225
  • 2020 Guiry, E., Szpak, P. Quality control for modern bone collagen stable carbon and nitrogen isotope measurements. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. In Press. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.13433
  • 2020 Guiry, E., Royle, T., Matson, R.G., Ward, H., Weir, T., Waber, W., Brown, T.J., Hunt, B.P.V., Price, M.H. Finney, B.P., Kaeriyama, M., Qin, Y., Yang, D.Y., Szpak, P. Differentiating salmonid migratory ecotypes through stable isotope analysis of collagen: Archaeological and ecological applications. PLoS 1, 15(4): e0232180. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0232180
  • 2020 Guiry, E., Szpak, P. Seaweed-eating sheep show that δ34S evidence for marine diets can be fully masked by sea spray effects. Rapid Communication in Mass Spectrometry. In Press. DOI: 10.1002/rcm.8868
  • 2020 Guiry, E., Hunt, B.P.V. Integrating fish scale and bone isotopic compositions for ‘deep time’ retrospective studies. Marine Environmental Research, 160: 104982. DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.104982
  • 2019 Guiry, E. Complexities of stable isotope biogeochemistry in ancient freshwater ecosystems: implications for the study of past subsistence and environmental change. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 7: 313, DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00313
  • 2018 Guiry, E., Buckley, M. Urban rats have less variable, higher protein diets. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 285: 20181441. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2018.1441
  • 2018 Guiry, E., Beglane, F., Szpak, P., Schulting, R., McCormick, F., Richards, M.P. Anthropogenic changes to the Holocene nitrogen cycle in Ireland. Science Advances, 4: eaas9383. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aas9383
  • 2018 Guiry, E., Jones, B.M., deFrance, S., Bruseth, J.E., Durst, J., Richards, M.P. Animal husbandry and colonial adaptive behaviour: isotopic insights from the La Belle shipwreck fauna. Historical Archaeology, 52: 684-699. DOI: 10.1007/s41636-018-0142-7
  • 2017 Guiry, E., Szpak, P., Richards, M.P. Isotopic analyses reveal geographical and socioeconomic patterns in historical domestic animal trade between wheat and maize agricultural regions in eastern North America. American Antiquity, 82: 341-352. DOI: 10.1017/aaq.2016.34
  • 2016 Guiry, E., Needs-Howarth, S., Friedland, K.F., Hawkins, A., Szpak, P., MacDonald, R., Courtemanche, M., Holms, E., Richards, M.P. Lake Ontario salmon (Salmo salar) were not migratory: A long-standing historical debate solved through stable isotope analysis. Scientific Reports, 6: 36249. DOI: 10.1038/srep36249
  • 2016 Guiry, E., Hillier, M., Boaventura, R., Silva, A.M., Oosterbeek, L., Tomé, T., Valera, A., Cardoso, J.L., Hepburn, J.C., Richards, M.P. The transition to agriculture in Southwestern Europe: New isotopic insights from Portugal’s Atlantic coast. Antiquity 90:604-619. DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2016.34
  • 2016 Guiry, E., Szpak, P., Richards, M.P. Effects of lipid extraction and ultrafiltration on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions of fish bone collagen. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 30: 1591-1600. DOI: 10.1002/rcm.7590
  • 2016 Guiry, E., Hepburn, J.C., Richards, M.P. High-resolution serial sampling for nitrogen isotope analysis of archaeological mammal teeth. Journal of Archaeological Science 69:21-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2016.03.005
  • 2016 Guiry, E., Gaulton, B. Inferring human behaviours from isotopic analyses of rats diets: A critical review and historical application. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 23: 399-426. DOI: 10.1007/s10816-015-9248-9
  • 2015 Guiry, E., Hillier, M., Richards, M.P. Mesolithic dietary heterogeneity on the European Atlantic coast: Stable isotope insights into hunter-gatherer foodways in the Sado valley, Portugal. Current Anthropology, 56: 460-470. DOI: 10.1086/680854
  • 2014 Guiry, E., Harpley, B., Jones, Z., Smith, C. Integrating stable isotope and zooarchaeological analyses in historical archaeology: A case study from the urban nineteenth-century Commonwealth Block site, Melbourne, Australia. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 18: 415-440. DOI: 10.1007/s10761-014-0264-3
  • 2013 Guiry, E., Grimes, V. Domestic dog (Canis familiaris) diets among coastal Late Archaic groups of northeastern North America: A case study for the canine surrogacy approach. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 32: 732-745. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaa.2013.04.005
  • 2012 Guiry, E. Dog as analogs in human stable isotope based paleodietary reconstructions: A review and consideration for future use. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 19: 351-376. DOI: 10.1007/s10816-011-9118-z
  • 2012 Guiry, E., Noël, S., Touriqny, E., Grimes, V. A stable isotope method for identifying transatlantic origin of pig remains at early European fishing stations in Newfoundland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39: 2012-2022. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2012.03.004

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