Antibody page

The original list below was published in Nature 447: 745-746 (2007). I have tried to keep the list up-to-date and I have added additional suppliers. I have also added some websites that have Antibody Search Tools. If you find incorrect links or are missing a supplier of antibodies please contact me and I will ipdate the list. Last updated 28 May 2020.

See also Organelle marker page

Antibody search engines
Primary antibody manufacturers, suppliers and services
Secondary antibodies
Antibody-based drug discovery and development
Immunoassay and immunohistochemistry
Rabbit monoclonal antibodies


When antibodies mislead: the quest for validation (2020) Baker, Nature 585: 313-314.
Antibody Validation for Western blot: By the User, for the User (2020) Pillai-Kastoori et al., J Biol Chem. 295:926-939.
Implementation of an antibody characterization procedure and application to the major ALS/FTD disease gene C9ORF72 (2019) Laflamme et al., Elife. 8: e48363.
Antibodies: will their star continue to rise? (2019) Lake, Biotechniques 66: 205-207.
If this is true, what does it imply? How end-user antibody validation facilitates insights into biology and disease (2019) Sfanos et al. Asian J Urol. 6:10-25.
Fighting for the future of antibodies (2017) Blow, BioTechniques 63: 51-56
A proposal for validation of antibodies (2016) Uhlen et al., Nat Meth. 13: 823-827.
The need for improved education and training in research usage and validation practices (2016) Freedman et al., BioTechniques 61;19-18.
Quality issues of research antibodies (2016) Weller, Anal. Chem. Insights 11: 21-27
Reproducibility crisis: Blame it on the antibodies (2015) Baker, Nature 521: 274 - 276.
Standardize antibodies used in research (2015) Bradbury et al., Comment in Nature 518: 27-29. 
On the reproducibility of science: unique identification of research resources in the biomedical literature (2014) Vasilevsky et al. PeerJ 1:e148
Controls for Immunohistochemistry: The Histochemical Society’s Standards of Practice for Validation of Immunohistochemical Assays (2014) Hewitt et al. J histochem cytochem 62: 693–697.
Commercial Cdk1 antibodies recognize the centrosomal protein Cep152 (2013) Lukinavičius et al. BioTechniques 55: 111-114
The Antibody Challenge (2013) Perkel. BioTechniques 56:111-114.
Antibody validation (2010) Bordeaux et al. Biotechniques. 48:197-209.

Antibody search engines

AbMiner Western blot screened Ab.
Antibodybeyond
Antibodydirectory, contains over 356,000 entries from more than 300 suppliers.
Antibodypedia, antibodies against human protein targets.
Antibody Registry includes commercial antibodies from about 200 vendors.
Antibody Resource, 2 million antibody products from 170 suppliers covering 27,000 proteins.
BenchSci, over 6 million antibodies. Requires an account.
Biocompare, over 3 million antibodies from hundreds of antibody suppliers. 
Bioz, search and rate over 100 million antibodies.
CiteAb, independent antibody database and citation ranked search engine, University of Bath, UK.
ENZO antibody search tool
iSpyBio, ranks reagents by the amount of data available.
Labome, antibodies from high-quality suppliers with antibody reviews. 
Linscott's Directory, more than 1,000,000 different antibody listings.
Resource Identification Portal, "The portal offers a central location for obtaining and exploring Research Resource Identifiers (RRIDs) - persistent and unique identifiers for referencing a research resource".
St John's Laboratory
tebu-bio

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Many companies offer now trial size options. Follow the link.

Primary antibody manufacturers, suppliers and services

21st Century Biochemicals Custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, Marlboro, Massachusetts
Abberior primary antibodies conjugated to fluorescent dyes/labels that are exceptionally well suited for superresolution microscopy/nanoscopy, Gottingen, Germany
Abbexa Wide range of antibodies, Cambridge, UK
Abcam Antibodies, Cambridge, UK
Abmart Custom antibody services with risk free mAb development, Shanghai, P.R. China
Abnova Catalogue monoclonal antibodies, Taipei City, Taiwan
Absolute Antibody company specialised in ultra-pure monoclonal antibody production and antibody engineering, Oxford, UK
Active Motif Antibodies for studying chromatin, Belgium, Japan, USA
Aldevron ready to ship antibodies and antibody processing, production, labelling, characterization and sequencing, Freiburg, Germany
Alstem Limited number of mouse anti-human monoclonal antibodies, Richmond, California
AMS Biotechnology Over 8000 primary and secondary antibodies, Abingdon, UK
AnaSpec Catalogue and custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, San Jose, California
Antibodies.com Large collection of catalogue antibodies, Cambridge, UK
Antibodies Incorporated Custom and secondary monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and reagents, Davis, California
Antibodies-online Aachen, Germany
AntibodyPlus, provider of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies for life science research Boston, Massachusetts
Antibody Verify platform for manufacturers to provide antibodies and antibody verification, Las Vegas, Navada
Atlas Antibodies Antibodies, including Organelle Markers, and affinity reagents, Stockholm, Sweden
Aves Labs Polyclonal chicken antibody services, Tigard, California
Aviva Systems Biology, antibodies to key targets in areas of transcription, epigenetics and cell signalling, offers western blot service to test your samples, San Diego, California
Badrilla "Fully Validated Premium Antibodies to Cardiovascular Targets", Leeds, UK 
BD Biosciences Catalogue and custom antibodies, San Diego, California
Bethyl Laboratories The polyclonal antibody specialist, Montgomery, Texas
Beckman Coulter Catalogue monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, Fullerton, California
BioGenes Custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibody production, Berlin, Germany
BioLegend Catalogue antibodies, San Diego, California
BiologicsCorp Custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibody service, Indianapolis
Bioquote Antibody supplier, York, UK
Bio-Rad Laboratories Ltd. large collection of antibodies, Watford, UK
Biorbyt "antibody manufacture which provides all kinds of antibodies including primary antibodies, secondary antibodies, polyclonal antibodies and monoclonal antibodies", Cambridge, UK
Biotem Custom antibodies and services, Le Rivier d'Apprieu, France
Biotrend Catalogue antibodies, custom antibody services, Cologne, Germany
BMA focused on inflammation and veterinary (porcine) applications, Basel, Switzerland
Boston Biochem Antibodies targeting ubiquitin proteosome pathway, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Cambio Antibodies, molecular biology reagents, specialized biochemicals, Cambridge, UK
Cambridge Research Biochemicals Custom peptide synthesis, polyclonal antibody production, Billingham, UK
Capra Science Custom polyclonal goat, hen and rabbit antibody services, Angelholm, Sweden
Cayman Chemical Catalogue antibodies, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Cell Signaling Technology Antibodies for cell signalling through pathways such as MAP kinase, AKT and PKC, Danvers, Massachusetts
Charles river Ion Channels Antibodies and expert services, Cleveland, Ohio
Chromotek antibodies and nanoprobes Planegg-Martinsried, Germany
Creative Biolabs recombinant antibodies and provides custom biotechnology and pharmaceutical services, Gross-Bieberau, Germany
Creative Diagnostics supplier of antibodies, viral antigens, innovative diagnostic components and critical assay reagents, Shirley, New York
Cusabio Biotech Co. More than 40000 antibodies with the application of ChIP, WB, IHC, IF, College Park, Maryland
Cytoskeleton, Inc cytoskeleton related antibodies, Denver, Colorado
Delta Biolabs Catalogue antibodies to wide range of cell-signalling proteins, Campbell, California
Detroit R&D ELISA, antibodies and assay kits for research, diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease and cancer, Detroit, Michigan 
ECM Biosciences Antibodies to post-translational modifications in proteins and peptides, Versailles, Kentucky
Envigo Custom antibody services, Indianapolis, Indiana
Enzo Life Sciences large collection of antibodies,  Exeter, UK
Euprotein inc. Antibody engineering and recombinant production, North Brunswick, New Jersey
Fabgennix large inventory of validated antibodies, custom antibody production and various other lab services, Frisco, Texas
Fusion Antibodies Custom monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies, scFv production, Belfast, UK
GeneCopoeia mainly monoclonal mouse IgG antibodies that bind to 6xHis-, GFP-, GST-, D*-, HA-, or Myc-tagged fusion proteins,  Rockville, Maryland
GenScript Antibody purification resins, custom peptide synthesis, Piscataway, New Jersey
GenTex antibody manufacturer and supplier, Irvine, California
GenWay Biotech antibody manufacturer and supplier, San Diego, California 
ImmunoPrecise a custom antibody company for monoclonal (mouse, rabbit, rat) and polyclonal (rabbit, mouse, goat, rat) antibodies using, Victoria, B.C., Canada
Innovagen, Complete range of custom antibody services, Lund, Sweden
Jackson ImmunoResearch (Europe) Specializing in secondary antibodies, Soham, UK
Kerafast rare and often one-of-a-kind research materials produced by principal investigators in the course of their work. These materials may be in limited supply, Boston, Massachusetts
Leica Biosystems Immunohistochemistry and In Situ Hybridization staining solutions from Novocastra, Milton Keynes, UK
Li International Custom Antibody Service, Denver, Colorado 
Mabtech Catalogue antibodies suitable for cytokine detection in ELISpot, ELISA and intracellular staining, Nacka Strand, Sweden
Merck Catalogue antibodies, Hertfordshire, UK 
Molecular Diagnostic Services Custom monoclonal or polyclonal antibody production, San Diego, California
MorphoSys Phage-based antibody library screening services, therapeutic antibody discovery, Martinsried, Germany
MyBioSource.com monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, San Diego, California
Native Antigen Company small range of virus specific antibodies, Upper Heyford, UK
Neuromics antibodies for Neuroscience, Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research, Edina, Minnesota
Newmarket Scientific Primary and secondary antibodies for cancer research, neuroscience, plant research, pathology and small molecules, Newmarket, UK
Noble Life Sciences Custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibody production, Woodbine, Maryland
Novoprotein Custom Antibody Service, Fremont, California
Novus Biologicals Custom and catalogue antibodies, Littleton, Colorado 
OriGene Catalogue antibodies, Rockville, Maryland
PeproTech Anticytokine antibodies, Rocky Hill, New Jersey
PROGEN Biotechnik GmbH Specific for cell typing and differentiation, for lipid research and neurobiology, for characterisation of cell-cell-contacts, for microbiology and virology, Heidelberg, Germany
ProMab Biotechnologies Custom antibody services, Richmond, California
ProSci Catalogue antibodies, custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, Poway, California
Proteintech Europe, Custom and catalogue antibodies with validation, Manchester, UK
ProteoGenix, Catalogue and custom antibodies, Schiltigheim, France 
QED Bioscience Custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibody production, genetic immunization, cell-culture services, San Diego, California
R&D Systems Immunoassay kits and reagents, antibodies, ELISA, flow-cytometry kits, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Roche antibodies for diagnostics, Basel, Switzerland
Rockland Immunochemicals Catalogue antibodies; primary, secondary and fluorescently tagged antibodies, Gilbertsville, Pennsylvania
Santa Cruz Biotechnology Catalogue antibodies, custom conjugation Santa Cruz, CA/Heidelberg, Germany
Sigma-Aldrich Catalogue monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies; chemicals and reagents, St Louis, Missouri
Somru BioScience "The company utilizes a unique and proprietary Somru™ technology which produces antibodies with superior binding affinity and bioactivity", Charlottetown, Canada
Stemcell Technologies, optimized for their cell isolation and cell culture products, local office Cambridge, UK
Surmodics Secondary antibodies, immunohistochemistry reagents and substrates, Eden Prairie, Minnesota
tebu-bio, extensive range primary & secondary antibodies, Peterborough, UK 
Thermo Fisher Scientific Antibodies and immunoassay reagents, Waltham, Massachusetts
Trevigen Antibodies and kits for cancer research, emphasizing apoptosis, DNA damage and repair, and cancer cell function and behaviour, Gaithersburg, Maryland
United Immunoassay specialised in antibodies and conjugates targeted toward drugs of abuse, infectious diseases, steroids, proteins, and environmental contaminants, San Bruno, California
Vector Laboratories large selection of primary and secondary antibodies, Burlingame, California

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Secondary antibodies (companies from list above)

Abbexa Wide range of antibodies, Cambridge, UK
Abcam Antibodies, Cambridge, UK
Abnova Catalogue monoclonal antibodies, Taipei City, Taiwan
AMS Biotechnology Over 8000 primary and secondary antibodies, Abingdon, UK
AnaSpec Catalogue and custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, San Jose, California
Antibodies.com Large collection of catalogue antibodies, Cambridge, UK
Antibodies Incorporated Custom and secondary monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies and reagents, Davis, California
Antibodies-online Aachen, Germany
BD Biosciences Catalogue and custom antibodies, San Diego, California
Bethyl Laboratories The polyclonal antibody specialist, Montgomery, Texas
BioLegend Catalogue antibodies, San Diego, California
Bio-Rad Laboratories Ltd. large collection of antibodies, Watford, UK
Chromotek antibodies and nanoprobes Planegg-Martinsried, Germany
Creative Diagnostics supplier of antibodies, viral antigens, innovative diagnostic components and critical assay reagents, Shirley, New York
Cusabio Biotech Co. More than 40000 antibodies with the application of ChIP, WB, IHC, IF, College Park, Maryland
Enzo Life Sciences large collection of antibodies, Exeter, UK
GeneTex antibody manufacturer and supplier,Irvine, California
GenWay Biotech antibody manufacturer and supplier, San Diego, California
Jackson ImmunoResearch (Europe) Specializing in secondary antibodies, Soham, UK
Kerafast rare and often one-of-a-kind research materials produced by principal investigators in the course of their work. These materials may be in limited supply, Boston, Massachusetts
MyBioSource.com monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, San Diego, California
Neuromics CHROMEOsity anti-rabbit & anti-mouse secondaries for enhanced fluorescent detection, Edina, Minnesota
Newmarket Scientific Primary and secondary antibodies for cancer research, neuroscience, plant research, pathology and small molecules, Newmarket, UK
ProSci Catalogue antibodies, custom monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, Poway, California
ProteoGenix, Catalogue and custom antibodies, Schiltigheim, France 
R&D Systems Immunoassay kits and reagents, antibodies, ELISA, flow-cytometry kits, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Rockland Immunochemicals Catalogue antibodies; primary, secondary and fluorescently tagged antibodies, Gilbertsville, Pennsylvania
Santa Cruz Biotechnology Catalogue antibodies, custom conjugation Santa Cruz, CA/Heidelberg, Germany
Sigma-Aldrich Catalogue monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies; chemicals and reagents, St Louis, Missouri
Stemcell Technologies, optimized for their cell isolation and cell culture products, local office Cambridge, UK
Surmodics Secondary antibodies, immunohistochemistry reagents and substrates, Eden Prairie, Minnesota
tebu-bio, extensive range primary & secondary antibodies, Peterborough, UK 
Thermo Fisher Scientific Antibodies and immunoassay reagents, Waltham, Massachusetts
Vector Laboratories large selection of primary and secondary antibodies, Burlingame, California

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Antibody-based drug discovery and development

Abbott Monoclonal-antibody-based drug discovery and development, Abbott Park, Illinois  
Ablynx Nanobodies development, drug discovery based on nanobodies, Ghent, Belgium
Affibody Development of Affibodies as alternative binders, Affibody-based drug discovery, Bromma, Sweden
Affimed Therapeutics Phage-display human antibody libraries, Heidelberg, Germany
Amgen Monoclonal-antibody-based therapeutics, Enbrel Thousand Oaks, California
Archemix Aptamer-based drug discovery and development, Cambridge, Massachusetts
BioInvent Developed n-CoDeR phage libraries, drug discovery and development, Lund, Sweden
Biotecnol Monoclonal-antibody-based therapeutics focused on cancer, Baltimore, Maryland
Capra Science humanize antibodies for therapeutic drug development, Angelholm, Sweden
Creative Biolabs recombinant antibodies and provides custom biotechnology and pharmaceutical services, Gross-Bieberau, Germany
Janssen Biotech, Inc. Monoclonal-antibody-based therapeutics targeting immune-mediated inflammatory disorders, Malvern, Pennsylvania
Regeneron Development of hybrid antibody molecules as therapeutics, Tarrytown, New York
XOMA Antibody-based therapeutics, Raptiva monoclonal-antibody therapy, Berkeley, California

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Immunoassay and immuohistochemistry

Active Motif ELISA kits for transcription-factor assays, antibodies, Carlsbad, California
Alpha Diagnostic Custom peptides and polyclonal antibodies, kits for ELISA, San Antonio, Texas
AMS Biotechnology Over 8000 primary and secondary antibodies, Abingdon, UK
Antibodies.com Large collection of catalogue antibodies, Cambridge, UK
Antibodies-online Aachen, Germany
Beecher Instruments Tissue microarray instruments and reagents, Sun Prairie, Wisconsin  
Bethyl Laboratories The polyclonal antibody specialist, Montgomery, Texas
Bio-Rad Bio-Plex multiplex antibody assays, Watford, UK
BioSupply distributor of a wide range of antibody and protein based products for diagnostic and immunoassay purpose, Bradford, UK
BMA focused on inflammation and veterinary (porcine) applications, Basel, Switzerland
Capra Science development of immunoassays and perform immunohistochemistry for clients, Angelholm, Sweden
Creative Diagnostics supplier of antibodies, viral antigens, innovative diagnostic components and critical assay reagents, Shirley, New York
Cusabio Biotech Co. More than 400 antibody pairs for ELISA, College Park, Maryland
Dako Flow cytometry kits and reagents, antibodies, Carpinteria, California
Diagnostic Biosystems Monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, kits and stains for immunohistochemistry, Pleasanton, California
Detroit R&D ELISA, antibodies and assay kits for research, diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease and cancer, Detroit, Michigan
Enzo Life Sciences large collection of antibodies and assays, Exeter, UK
GenBio Assays for antibodies characteristic of Lyme disease, San Diego, California
GenWay Biotech antibody manufacturer and supplier, San Diego, California
JRBiomedical supplier of immunoassays and commercial ELISA kits, Llandudno Junction, UK 
Perkin Elmer Life Sciences Automated immunoassays, Waltham, Massachusetts
ProteoGenix, Catalogue and custom antibodies, Schiltigheim, France 
R&D Systems Immunoassay kits and reagents, antibodies, ELISA, flow-cytometry kits, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Thermo Fisher Scientific Antibodies and immunoassay reagents, Waltham, Massachusetts
United Immunoassay specialised in antibodies and conjugates targeted toward drugs of abuse, infectious diseases, steroids, proteins, and environmental contaminants, San Bruno, California
Vector Laboratories large selection of primary and secondary antibodies, Burlingame, California

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