A presentation can be done individually or as a group, and provides an opportunity for students to show what they have learnt or created, for example presenting the findings of a case study, reflecting on their experiences, or reporting on their research. Presentations allow students to practice presentation and organisation skills: speaking to an audience, responding to questions, planning timings, creating presentation media and supplementary handouts.
Preparation time Student workload Marking time
Literacies and skills exhibited
One and two-way communication; communication within a group
Working independently and working within a group
Writing for and presenting to different audiences
Creating and performing
Researching, investigating, interpreting and organising information
- Write, script and produce audio or video
- Demonstration (of media, or an approach; with accompanying commentary)
- Poster presentation
Assessment of oral presentations is normally by a single or multiple markers observing the presentation; peer marking (students marking each other's presentations) also works well, although there is some evidence that students tend to mark higher than tutors in this setting. Rubrics or simple marking categories help to guide students and standardise marking.
The benefit of oral presentation is that feedback can be given immediately, by both tutors and peers: through questions for each presenter, and by inviting and giving general feedback once each presentation has finished. A relaxed, discursive environment will elicit more feedback from students than a formal setting.
Guide to time involved in preparation, marking, and student workload: Low Medium High