Department of Health Sciences
University of Leicester
Centre for Medicine
Leicester LE1 7RH
Tel: +44 (0)116 252 5798
Cognitive, educational and psychological outcomes following preterm birth
The impact of preterm birth on schools and education professionals.
Development and evaluation of interventions to improve long-term outcomes in high-risk populations.
Neurodevelopmental outcome assessment.
Perinatal clinical trials
UNIVERSITY ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
Co-Chair of the Department of Health Sciences Athena Swan Self Assessment Team
Chair of the Department of Health Sciences Conference Working Group
Department of Health Sciences Impact Coordinator
Department of Health Sciences Joint Public Engagement and Outreach coordinator
Member of the College of Medicine, Biological Sciences and Psychology Public Engagement and Outreach Committee
Department of Health Sciences Research Staff Advisor
Member of the College of Medicine, Biological Sciences and Psychology Early Career Researcher Development Group
Developmental Psychologist for the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) Guideline Committee for the 'Developmental follow-up of preterm babies' guideline
Invited member of the European Foundation for Care of Newborn Infants Topic Expert Group for “Follow-up and continuing care” for the development of European Standards of Care for Newborn Health
Member of the Scientific Advisory Panel for Action Medical Research UK
- Member of the National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit Clinical Trials Advisory Group
- Member of the International Neonatal Consortium
- Member of the Adults Born Preterm International Collaboration
- Member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the SPRING Study
- Member of the Trial Steering Committee for the MERIDIAN Study
CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS
- 2017-2020: Lending a helping hand to very preterm infants: A randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of sticky mittens for enhancing cognitive development from ages 3 to 15 months. Co-Investigator. Funded by Action Medical Research (£134,594). For a summary of the project see the website of Action Medical Research.
- 2016-2020: Research on Children and Adults born Preterm (RECAP) for the call ‘SC1-PM-04–2016: Networking and optimising the use of population and patient cohorts at EU level. Co-Investigator. Funded by EU Horizon 2020 (EUR 9,713,230). [RECAP study website].
- 2016-2019: EPICure2@11 - Outcome at 11 years for a national cohort of births between 22 and 26 weeks of gestation in England in 2006. Co-investigator. Funded by Medical Research Council (£1,212,049). [EPICure Study website]
- 2016-2017: Predicting school readiness for very preterm children: continuities with neonatal brain structure and executive function in infancy. Co-investigator. Funded by SPARKS Medical Research Charity (£59,919).
- 2014-2018: Tracking the impact of gestational age on health, educational and economic outcomes: a longitudinal record linkage study (TIGAR). Co-investigator. Funded by Medical Research Council (£626,817). [TIGAR study website]
- 2015-2018: Mathematics learning disabilities from childhood to adolescence: New evidence & intervention for very preterm children - Chief Investigator. Funded by Action Medical Research (£217,490). [PRISM study website] For a summary of the project see the website of Action Medical Research.
- 2014-2020: Outcome after Selective Early Closure of Ductus Arteriosus in Extremely Preterm Babies (Baby-OSCAR Trial) - Co-investigator. Funded by NIHR Health Technology Assessment (£2,412,174).[Baby-OSCAR study website]
- 2012-2018: A multi-centre randomised controlled trial of two rates of daily increment of enteral feeding to prevent late-onset invasive infection in very preterm or very low birth weight infants. Speed of Increasing Milk Feeds Trial (SIFT) - Co-investigator. Funded by NIHR Health Technology Assessment (£2,711,683). [SIFT Study website]
RECENTLY COMPLETED RESEARCH PROJECTS
- 2012-2016: EPICure@19: The extremely preterm young adult - Co-investigator. Funded by Medical Research Council (£1,811,299). [EPICure Study website]
- 2012-2014: The impact of premature birth on mathematics achievement and schooling. Preterm Birth: Impact on Education (PrIME Study). Co-investigator. Funded by The Nuffield Foundation (£126,645). [Study website]
- 2011-2013: Understanding the nature and origins of mathematics learning disabilities in very preterm children: Implications for intervention: Premature Infants’ Skills in Mathematics (PRISM Study). Chief Investigator. Funded by Action Medical Research (£159,464). [Study website]
2013-2016: Preterm Birth and Attention in Children (PATCH) Study. Co-investigator. PhD Studentship funded by ESRC & University of Nottingham. [PATCH Study website
2010-2013: Development and evaluation of a multimedia parenting intervention to promote motor development in infants born very preterm: Helping Our Premature infants on to better motor skills (The HOP-On Study). Co-investigator. Funded by Action Medical Research (£116,000). [Study website]
2011-2013: Postnatal brain growth and early infancy outcomes as biomarkers in very preterm children (UCH-PDP Study). Co-investigator. Funded by SPARKS The Children's Medical Research Charity (£177,925).
2011-2014: The hidden risks of preterm birth: How should we follow-up vulnerable babies? Late and Moderate preterm Birth Study-II (LAMBS-II). Co-investigator. Funded by NIHR Research for Patient Benefit (£245,101).
PEER REVIEWED JOURNALPAPERS
- Johnson S, Strauss V, Gilmore C, Jaekel J, Marlow N, Wolke D, Learning disabilities among extremely preterm children without neurosensory impairment: Comorbidity, neuropsychological profiles and scholastic outcomes. Early Human Development 2016; 103:69-75.
- Parekh S, Boyle EM, Guy A, Blaggan S, Manktelow B, Wolke D & Johnson S. Correcting for prematurity affects developmental test scores in infants born late and moderately preterm. Early Human Development (In press).
- Johnson S, Kochhar P, Hennessey E, Marlow N, Wolke D, Hollis C. Antecedents of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in children born extremely preterm. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics (In Press).
- Simms V, Clayton S, Cragg L, Gilmore C, Johnson S. Explaining the relationship between number line estimation and mathematical achievement: The role of visuo-motor integration and visuo-spatial skills. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 2016;154:22-33.
- Johnson S, Matthews R, Draper ES, Field DJ, Manktelow B, Marlow N, Smith LK, Boyle EM. Eating difficulties in children born late and moderately preterm at 2 years of age: a prospective population-based cohort study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (EPub ahead of print 30/12/15).
- Linsell L, Malouf F, Johnson S, Morris J, Kurinczuk JJ, Marlow N. Prognostic factors for behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders in children born very preterm/very low birth weight: a systematic review. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 2016;37(1):88-102.
- Field D, Spata E, Davies T, Manktelow B, Johnson S, Boyle EM, Draper ES. Evaluation of the use of a parent report questionnaire to provide later health status data: the PANDA Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal Neonatal Edition (EPub ahead of print 12/10/15).
- Johnson S, Matthews R, Draper ES, Field DJ, Manktelow BN, Marlow N, Smith LK, Boyle EM. Early emergence of delayed social competence in infants born late and moderately preterm: A prospective population-based cohort study. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics (In Press).
- Basten M, Jaekel J, Johnson S, Gilmore C, Wolke D. Preterm birth and adult wealth: Mathematics skills count. Psychological Science (EPub ahead of print 31/08/15).
- Khan KA, Petrou S, Dritaki M, Johnson S, Manktelow B, Draper ES, Smith LK, Seaton SE, Marlow N, Dorling J, Field DJ, Boyle EM. Economic costs associated with moderate and late preterm birth: A prospective population-based study. BJOG: An International Journal Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (EPub ahead of print 22 Jul 2015)
- Lees CC, Marlow N, van Wassenaer-Leemhuis A, Ar Arabin B, Bilardo CM, Brezinka Cet al TRUFFLE Study Group. 2 year neurodevelopmental and intermediate perinatal outcomes in infants with very preterm fetal growth restriction (TRUFFLE): a randomised trial. Lancet 2015;385:2162-2172.
- Smith LK, Draper ES, Evans TE, Field DF, Johnson S, Manktelow BN, Seaton SE, Marlow N, Petrou S, Boyle EM. Associations between late and moderately preterm birth and smoking, alcohol, drug-use and diet: A population based case-cohort study. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition (EPub ahead of print 13 May 2015).
- Wolke D, Baumann N, Strauss V, Johnson S, Marlow N. Bullying of preterm children and emotional problems at school age: Cross-culturally invariant effects. J Pediatr 2015;166:1417-22.
- Wolke D, Strauss V, Johnson S, Gilmore C, Marlow N, Jaekel J. Universal gestational age effects on cognitive and basic mathematic processing: Two cohorts in two countries. J Pediatr 2015;166:1410-16.
- Johnson S, Evans TA, Draper ES, Field DJ, Manktelow BN, Marlow N, Matthews R, Petrou S, Seaton SE, Smith LK, Boyle EM. Neurodevelopmental outcomes following late and moderate prematurity: Population-based cohort study. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2015;100(4):F301-F308.
- Jaekel J, Yu-Chun Srauss V, Johnson S, Gilmore C, Wolke D. Delayed school entry and academic performance: A natural experiment. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology (EPub ahead of print 19/02/2015).
- Boyle EM, Johnson S, Manktelow BN, Seaton SE, Draper ES, Smith LK, Dorling J, Marlow N, Petrou S, Field DJ. Neonatal outcomes and delivery of care for infants born late preterm or moderately preterm: A prospective population-based study. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition (EPub ahead of print 01/04/2015).
- Johnson S, Gilmore C, Gallimore I, Jaekel J, Wolke D. The long term consequences of preterm birth: What do teachers know? Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2015;57(6):571-577.
- Guy A, Seaton SE, Boyle EM, Draper ES, Field DJ, Manktelow BN, Marlow N, Smith LK, Johnson S. Infants born late/moderately preterm are at increased risk for a positive autism sscreen at 2 years of age. Journal of Pediatrics (EPub ahead of print Dec 02 2014).
- Simms V, Gilmore C, Cragg L, Clayton S, Marlow N, Johnson S. The nature and origins of mathematics difficulties in very preterm children: A different aetiology than Developmental Dyscalculia. Pediatric Research 2015;77(2):389-395.
- Blaggan S, Guy A, Boyle EM, Spata E, Manktelow B, Wolke D, Johnson S. A parent questionnaire for developmental screening in infants born late and moderately preterm. Pediatrics 2014 (Published online ahead of print 30/06/2014.
- Brogan EC, Cragg L, Gilmore C, Marlow N, Simms V, Johnson S. Inattention in very preterm children: Implications for screening and detection. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2014;99:834-839.
- Johnson S, Seaton SE, Manktelow BN, Smith LK, Field DJ, Draper ES, Marlow N, Boyle EM. Telephone interviews and online questionnaires can be used to improve neurodevelopmental follow-up rates. BMC Res Notes 2014;7(1):219.
- Smith LK, Manktelow B, Draper E, Boyle EM, Johnson S, Field D. Trends in the incidence and mortality of multiple births by socioeconomic deprivation and maternal age in England: Population-based cohort study. BMJ Open 2014 4(4):e004514.
- Johnson S, Moore T, Marlow N. Using the Bayley-III to assess neurodevelopmental delay: Which cut-off should be used? Pediatric Research 2014 75(5):670-4. Listen to podcast
- Kendall GS, Melbourne A, Johnson S, Price D, Bainbridge A, Gunny R, Huertas-Ceballos A, Cady ER, Ourselin S, Marlow N, Robertson NJ. White matter NAA/Cho and Cho/Cr ratios at MR spectroscopy are predictive of motor outcome in preterm infants. Radiology 2014 271(1):230-238.
- Johnson S, Hollis C, Marlow N, Simms V, Wolke D. Screening for childhood mental health disorders using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): The validity of multi-informant reports. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2014; 56(5):453-459. Listen to podcast
- Durrmeyer X, Hummler H, Sánchez Luna M, Carnielli V, Field D, Greenough A, Van Overmeire B, Jonsson B, Hallman M, Mercier J-C, Marlow N, Johnson S, Baldassarre J European Union Nitric Oxide (EUNO) Study Group. Two-year outcomes of a randomised controlled trial of inhaled nitric oxide in premature infants. Pediatrics 2013;132(3):e695-703.
- SIFT Investigators Group. Early enteral feeding strategies for very preterm infants: current evidence from Cochrane reviews. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal & Neonatal Edition. 2013 Nov;98(6):F470-2.
- Simms V, Cragg L, Gilmore C, Marlow N & Johnson S. Mathematics difficulties in children born very preterm: Current research and future directions. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal Neonatal Edition 2013, 98, F457-F463.
- Gilmore C, Attridge N, Clayton S, Cragg L, Johnson S, Simms V, Marlow N, & Inglis M. Individual differences in inhibitory control, not non-verbal number acuity, correlate with mathematics achievement, PLoS ONE 2013, 8(6), e67374.
- Beer C, Whitelaw A, Marlow N, Johnson S, Israel C & Glazebrook C. Twin birth: an additional risk factor for poorer quality maternal interactions with very premature infants? Early Human Development 2013, 89, 555-559.
- Simms V, Gilmore C, Cragg L, Marlow N, Wolke D, & Johnson S. Mathematics difficulties in extremely preterm children: Evidence of a specific deficit in basic mathematics processing. Pediatric Research 2013, 73(2), 236-244.
- Moore T, Hennessy EM, Johnson S, Draper ES, Costeloe KL, Marlow N. Neurologic and developmental outcome in extremely preterm children born in England in 2006 and 1995: The EPICure Studies. BMJ 2012, 345, e7961.
- Petrou S, Johnson S, Wolke D, Marlow N. The association between neurodevelopmental disability and economic outcomes during mid-childhood. Child: Care Health and Development 2013, 39(3), 345-357.
- Harijan P, Beer C, Glazebrook C, Israel C, Marlow N, Whitelaw A, Johnson S. Predicting developmental outcomes in very preterm infants: Validity of a neonatal neurobehavioral assessment. Acta Paediatrica, 2012, 101(7), e275-81.
- Moore T, Johnson S, Hennessy E & Marlow N. Screening for autism in extremely preterm infants: problems in interpretation. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2012, 54(6), 514-20.
- Johnson S, Marlow N & Wolke D. Assessing educational outcomes in middle childhood: Validation of the Teacher Academic Attainment Scale. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 2012, 54(6), 544-51.
- Moore T, Johnson S, Haider S, Hennessy E, Marlow N. Relationship between test scores obtained using the second and third editions of the Bayley Scales in extremely preterm children. Journal of Pediatrics 2012, 160(4), 553-8.
- Cuttini M, Ferrante P, Mirante N, Chiandotto V, Fertz M , Dall’Oglio A, Coletti MF & Johnson S. Cognitive assessment of very preterm infants at 2 year corrected age: performance of the Italian Version of the PARCA-R parent questionnaire. Early Human Development 2012, 88(3), 159-63.
- Johnson S, Wolke D, Hennessy E & Marlow N. Educational outcomes in extremely preterm children: Neuropsychological correlates and predictors of attainment. Developmental Neuropsychology 2011, 36(1), 74-95.
- Pitchford N, Johnson S, Scerif G & Marlow N. Early indications of delayed development of language, attention, and memory in preschool children born very preterm: evidence from domain-general and domain-specific tasks. Infant and Child Development 2011, 20, 400-422.
- Johnson S, Hollis C, Hennessy E, Kochhar P, Wolke D & Marlow N. Screening for Autism spectrum disorders: Diagnostic utility of the Social Communication Questionnaire in extremely preterm children. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2011, 93, 73-77.
- Petrou S, Johnson S, Wolke D, Hollis C, Kochhar P & Marlow N. Economic costs and preference-based health-related quality of life outcomes associated with childhood psychiatric disorders. British Journal of Psychiatry 2010, 197, 395-404.
- Johnson S, Hollis C, Hennessy E, Kochhar P, Wolke D & Marlow N. Psychiatric Disorders in Extremely Preterm Children: Longitudinal Finding at Age 11 Years in the EPICure Study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2010, 49, 453-463.
- Johnson S, Hollis C, Hennessy E, Kochhar P, Wolke D & Marlow N. Autism spectrum disorders in extremely preterm children. Journal of Pediatrics 2010, 156, 525-531.
- Samara M, Johnson S, Marlow N, Wolke D. Eating problems at six years of age in a whole population sample of children born at 25 weeks of gestation or less. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2010, 52, e16-22.
- Petrou S, Abangma G, Johnson S, Wolke D & Marlow N. Costs and health utilities associated with extremely preterm birth: Evidence from the EPICure Study. Value in Health 2009, 12, 1124-1134.
- Johnson S, Whitelaw A, Glazebrook C, Israel C, Turner R, White I, Croudace T, Davenport F & Marlow N. Randomised trial of a neonatal parenting intervention: Outcome at 2 years. Journal of Pediatrics 2009, 155, 488-494.
- Johnson S, Fawke J, Hennessy E, Rowell V, Trikic R, Wolke D & Marlow N. Neuro-developmental disability through 11 years of age in children born before 26 weeks of gestation. Pediatrics 2009, 124, e249-e257
- Johnson S, Wolke D, Hennessy E, Smith R, Trikic R & Marlow N. Academic attainment and special educational needs in extremely preterm children at 11 years of age: the EPICure Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal & Neonatal Edition 2009, 94, F283-F289
- Johnson S, Wolke D & Marlow N. Developmental assessment of preterm infants at 2 years: Validity of parent reports. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2008, 50, 58-62.
- Glazebrook C, Marlow N, Israel C, Croudace T, Johnson S, White I & Whitelaw A. Randomised trial of a parenting intervention during neonatal intensive care. Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2007, 92, F438-443.
- Johnson S, Ring W, Anderson P & Marlow N. Randomised trial of parental support for families with very preterm children: Outcome at 5 years. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2005, 90, 909-915
- Johnson S, Marlow N, Wolke D, Davidson L, Marston L, O’Hare A, Peacock J & Schulte J. Validation of a parent report measure of cognitive development for very preterm infants. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2004, 46, 389-397.
INVITED REVIEWS & CONTRIBUTIONS
- Johnson S & Wolke D. Prematurity and low birthweight. In Part IX: Developmental Pathology, Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Child Development (In press).
- Clayton SE & Johnson S. The PRISM Studies: improving children's mathematics skills following very preterm birth. Infant March 2017.
- Johnson S & Marlow N. Charting the survival, health and development of extremely preterm infants: EPICure and beyond. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, EPub ahead of print 22/09/16.
- Johnson S & Marlow N. Early and long term outcome of infants born extremely preterm. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2017;102(10):97-102.
- Johnson S & Marlow N. 'Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development' in The SAGE Encyclopedia of Intellectual and Developmental Disorders. In Press.
- Boyle EM, Matthews R, Johnson S. Authors’ response: Preterm and postterm births: Terminology and definitions. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 2016;37(2):177.
- Johnson S. Screening preterm children for autism at 2 years of age: Reply. J Pediatr 2015;167(1):212-213.
- Parekh SA, Field DJ, Johnson S, Juszczak E. Accounting for deaths in neonatal trials: Is there a correct approach? Archives of Disease in Childhood Fetal and Neonatal Edition 2015;100:F193-F197.
- Johnson S, Marlow N. Growing up after extremely preterm birth. Lifespan mental health Outcomes. Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 2014;19:97-104.
- Johnson S & Wolke D. Behavioral outcomes and psychopathology during adolescence. Early Human Development 2013;89:188-207.
- Johnson S & Marlow N. Preterm birth and childhood psychiatric disorders. Pediatric Research 2011;69:11R-18R.
- Johnson S, Wolke D & Marlow N. Outcome monitoring in preterm populations: Measures and methods. Zeitschrift fur Psychologie/Journal of Psychology 2008;216:135-146.
- Johnson S. Cognitive and behavioural outcomes following very preterm birth. Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 2007;12:363-373.
- Johnson S & Marlow N. Assessment of the development of high risk infants in the first two years. In Cioni G & Mercuri E. (Eds.), Clinics in Developmental Medicine 2007, 176, Mac Keith Press.
- Johnson S & Marlow N. Developmental screen or developmental testing? Early Human Development 2006;82:173-183.
EDITORIALS & REPORTS
- Johnson S. Understanding social development following very preterm birth. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 2015, 57(10):890.
- Johnson S. Behavioural and emotional problems. In Caring for Tomorrow. European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants European White Paper on Maternal and Newborn Health & Aftercare Services, EFCNI 2012. p178-179.
- Marlow N & Johnson S. What the teacher needs to know [Editorial]. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2007, 92, 945.
- Johnson S & Marlow N. Positive screening on the M-CHAT: Implications for very preterm populations [Editorial]. Journal of Pediatrics 2009, 154, 478-480.