Dr Rob Hammond

Rob Hammond

Leptothorax acervorum queen
Leptothorax acervorum: green, blue and pink painted queens, unpainted workers and developing brood

Adrian Building, Room 334


internal:  5302
external: +44 (0)116 2525302
fax: 0116 2525330

Email: rh225@le.ac.uk


  • BS3073, Molecular Ecology and Evolution (convenor)
  • BS3058, Practical Wildlife Conservation (convenor)
  • BS2078, Field Biology: A Field Guide to Evolution (Field trip to Mallorca)
  • BS2076, Evolutionary and Developmental Biology
  • BS2077, Neurobiology and Animal Behaviour
  • BS1070, Adaptation and Diversity



MC Harrison, RL Hammond & EB Mallon (2015) Reproductive workers show queen-like gene expression in an intermediately eusocial insect, the buff-tailed bumble bee Bombus terrestris Molecular Ecology (in press) (preprint on BioRxiv)

TC Mathers, RL Hammond, RA Jenner, B Hanfling, J.Atkins & A Gomez (2015) Transition in sexual system and sex chromosome evolution in the tadpole shrimp Triops cancriformisHeredity (in press)

TC Mathers, RL Hammond, RA Jenner, B Hanfling & A Gomez (2013) Multiple global radiations of tadpole shrimps challenge the concept of 'livingfossils' PeerJ 1:e62, http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.62

TC Mathers, RL Hammond, RA Jenner, T Zierold, B Hanfling & A Gomez (2013) High lability of sexual system over 250 million years of evolution in morphologically conservative tadpole shrimps.  BMC Evolutionary Biology 13:30. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2148/13/30

DJ Coston*, RJ Gill* & RL Hammond (2011) No evidence of volatile chemicals regulating reproduction in a multiple queen ant. Naturwissenschaften. doi 10.1007/s00114-011-0801-4 (*joint first authors)

RJ Gill & RL Hammond (2011) Workers determine queen inheritance of reproduction in a functionally monogynous ant population. Animal Behaviour. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2011.04.006

RJ Gill & RL Hammond (2011) Workers influence royal reproduction. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London series B. 278:1524-31.

T Wacher, T Wronski, RL Hammond, B Winney MJ Blacket, KJ Hundertmark, OB Mohammed, SA Omer, W Macasero, H Lerp, M Plath & C. Bleidorn (2011) Phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences reveals polyphyly in the goitred gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa). Conservation Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10592-010-0169-6

F Masclaux, RL Hammond, J Meunier, C Gouhier-Darimont, L Keller & P Reymond (2010) Competitive ability not kinship affects growth of Arabidopsis thaliana accessions.  New Phytologist 185: 322-331

O Sanllorente*, RL Hammond*, F Ruano, L Keller & A Tinaut (2010) Extreme population differentiation in a vulnerable slavemaking ant with a fragmented distribution. Conservation Genetics 11: 1701-1710 (*joint first authors)

T Wronski, T Wacher, RL Hammond, B Winney, K Hundertmark, MJ Blacket, OB Mohammed, B Flores, SA Omer, W Macasero, M Plath, R Tiedemann & C Bleidorn (2010) Two reciprocally monophyletic mtDNA lineages elucidate the taxonomic status of Mountain gazelles (Gazella gazella). Systematics and Biodiversity 8: 119-129

RJ Gill, A Arce, L Keller & RL Hammond (2009) Polymorphic social organization in an ant. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London series B 276: 4423-4431

L Rosso, L Keller, H Kaessmann & RL Hammond (2008) Mating system and avpr1a promoter variation in primates. Biology Letters 4: 375-378

W Bonckaert, K Vuerinckx, J Billen, RL Hammond, L Keller, T Wenseleers (2008) Worker policing in the german wasp Vespula germanicaBehavioral Ecology 19: 272-278

RL Hammond, MW Bruford and AFG Bourke. (2006) A test of models of reproductive skew in a field population of a multiple-queen ant.  Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 61: 265-275

LJ Lawson Handley*, RL Hammond*, G Emaresi, A Reber & N Perrin.  (2006) Low Y chromosome polymorphism in Saudi-Arabian hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas hamadryas).  Heredity 96, 298-303. (*joint first authors)

RL Hammond*, LJ Lawson Handley*, BJ Winney, MW Bruford & N Perrin. (2006) Genetic evidence for female-biased dispersal and gene flow in a polygynous primate.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London series B. 273: 479-484 (*joint first authors)

ZJJM Pereboom, WC Jordan, S Sumner, RL Hammond, and AFG Bourke (2005) Differential gene expression in queen-worker caste determination in bumblebees.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London series B. 272: 1145-1152

RL Hammond & L Keller (2004) Conflict over male parentage in social insects. PLoS Biology 2: e248

BJ Winney*, RL Hammond*, W Macasero, B Flores, A Boug, V Biquand, S Biquand, MW Bruford (2004) Crossing the Red Sea: phylogeography of the hamadryas baboon, Papio hamadryas hamadryasMolecular Ecology 13: 2819-2827 (*joint first authors)

RL Hammond, MW Bruford & AFG Bourke (2003) Male parentage does not vary with colony kin structure in a multiple-queen ant.  Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16: 446-455

KA Holehouse, RL Hammond & AFG Bourke (2003) Non-lethal sampling of DNA from captive and free-foraging bumble bees for conservation genetics.  Insectes Sociaux 50: 277-285

RL Hammond, MW Bruford & AFG Bourke (2002) Ant workers selfishly bias sex ratios by manipulating female development. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London series B. 269: 173-178

MA Jordan, RL Hammond, HL Snell, HM Snell & WC Jordan (2002) Isolation and characterisation of microsatellite loci from Galapagos lava lizards (Microlophus spp.).  Molecular Ecology Notes 2: 349-351

RL Hammond, AFG Bourke & MW Bruford (2001) Mating frequency and mating system in the polygynous ant, Leptothorax acervorum.  Molecular Ecology 10: 2719-2728

RL Hammond, W Macasero, B Flores, OB Mohammed, TW Wacher and MW Bruford (2001)  Phylogenetic re-analysis of the Saudi gazelle and its implications for conservation.  Conservation Biology 15: 1123-1133

Book chapters

RL Hammond, IJ Saccheri, C Ciofi, T Coote,  SM Funk, WO McMillan, MK Bayes, E Taylor, and MW Bruford (1998)  Isolation of microsatellite markers in animals. pp279-285.  In Molecular Tools for Screening Biodiversity Eds A Karp, PG Isaac and DS Ingram. Chapman and Hall, London

C Ciofi, SM Funk, T Coote, DJ Cheesman, RL Hammond, IJ Saccheri and MW Bruford (1998) Genotyping with microsatellite markers. pp195-201. In  Molecular Tools for Screening Biodiversity Eds AKarp, PG Isaac and DS Ingram. Chapman and Hall, London



  • The evolution of complex traits, such as social organization and sexual mode, and the role of both genes and environment on these traits.
  • The effect of gene expression in diploid and haploid life stages / genders on rates of evolution.
  • The dynamics and resolution of social conflicts within animal societies.

I am interested in the evolution of complex traits, such as social organization and sexual mode, and the role of both genes and environment on these traits.  I am also interested in the dynamics and resolution of social conflicts within animal societies.

Current projects

  • The role of genes and social environment in regulating social organisation (Ben Braim's BBSRC funded PhD studentship, co-supervisor Prof. Bambos Kyriacou, Dept Genetics, University of Leicester)
  • RAD marker association mapping of polymorphic social organisation (NBAF627; with Ben Braim, & Dr Yannick Wurm, QMW, U of London)
  • The evolution of reproductive mode in mixed mating tapole shrimps, Triops cancriformis (Tom Mathers' NERC CASE funded PhD, with Dr A Gomez, U of Hull & Dr R Jenner, NHM)
  • Unmasking the effects of ploidy limited expression (Mark Harrison's NERC funded PhD, co-supervised by Dr Eamonn Mallon, Dept Biology, University of Leicester)
  • Faster-haploid? Testing the evolutionary effects of ploidy-limited expression (NBAF829; with Mark Harrison & Dr Eamonn Mallon)


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Contact Details

Department of Genetics
University of Leicester

Adrian Building
University Road
United Kingdom

Tel: +44 (0)116 252 3374

Fax: +44 (0)116 252 3378

E Mail: genetics@le.ac.uk


Interim Head of Department

Professor Alison Goodall