Research

Activity of human retrotransposons in cultured cells, developing embryos and the germline

Human Cell growth in culture
Human cells growing in a culture

L1 or LINE-1 retrotransposons are the “master” transposons in the human genome, providing the machinery required to mobilise not only themselves, but also non-autonomous transposons and even human genes. Understanding when and where these molecular parasites move has profound implications for their impact on human genome evolution. Recent studies have shown that while most transposons restrict their activity to the germline L1 retrotransposons may specifically target the early stages of development. We use genome-wide analyses, both in the lab and in silico to investigate the dynamics and regulation of this unusual behaviour, in cultured human cells and DNA from embryonic and germline sources. 

Analysis of chimpanzee specific active retrotransposons

Chimpanzee.jpg
Chimpanzee

In collaboration with Twycross Zoo (The World Primate Centre)
we are developing tools to study the activity of L1 retrotransposons
in our closest living relative: the chimpanzee.

Chimpanzees at Twycross have been trained, as part of their enrichment and health care regimen, to allow collection of DNA by mouth swabs. 

These samples, obtained in a stress-free manner, are underpinning
our exploration of L1 diversity and activity in chimpanzees.

 



Genome dynamics and regulation of mouse IAP retrotranspons

Gel Align
Gel Align

IAP elements are virus-like transposons that cause a significant proportion of mutations in laboratory mice, by jumping into and disrupting essential genes. Their activity is strongly regulated by epigenetic changes, and sometimes their regulatory sequences are co-opted to drive mouse gene expression.

As such IAP transposons can be used as reporters of genome-wide epigenetic alterations, such as those that often occur in cancer.

Conversely by studying manipulations of mouse epigenetic marks they can become a model system to examine how transposon activity is regulated.

 

Research Links

Search PubMed at the US National Library of Medicine for this author: Dr R. Badge
Search Leicester Research ArchiveDr R. Badge
Search Google ScholarDr R. Badge 

 

 

 

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Contact Details

Department of Genetics
University of Leicester

Adrian Building
University Road
Leicester
LE1 7RH
United Kingdom

Tel: +44 (0)116 252 3374
Fax: +44 (0)116 252 3378
E Mail: genetics@le.ac.uk

Head of Department
Professor Alison Goodall

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