Shujaul Mulk Khan

Plant Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services of Naran Valley Pakistan; the Western Himalaya

The Himalaya world's youngest, highest and largest mountain range with fastest uplift rate hosts vast plant biodiversity. Due to remote location harsh climate, rough terrain and topography some of the areas are still to be discovered in ecological framework. My aim is to improve knowledge of how vegetation distribution varies along geo-climatic gradients in one of the Himalayan valley; the Naran Pakistan. My interest is quantification of vascular flora at both species and community levels and the ecosystem services they provide. Measuring use values and assessing anthropogenic pressures on natural vegetation is also my focal point. 

In the present project, we have used community analyses packages like PC-ORD and CANOCO for the Phytosociological field data to classify the species into plant communities and identify their environmental gradients of that vegetation. We have identified 5 communities and influencing environmental variables along altitudinal gradient. I have used ethnobotanical data to quantify the use values of the species mentioned by informants during questionnaire survey. I have found out the relation between phytosociological and ethnobotanical data to not only quantify ecosystem services provided by the natural vegetation but also the prediction model using SPSS for measuring anthropogenic pressure on the species and assessing conservation strategies for them. My study also contributes how to assess the rarity of species with special reference to endemism in the targeted area. I have interest to develop a data base for endemic flora and contribute to IUCN red data book at regional as well as wider scale.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure; a. Picture view of western Himalaya, b. important medicinal plants, c. woody plant community of fir, d. CCA biplot e. myself in the field, f. a popular lake Saiful Malook in western Himalaya, g. grazing mammals on a mountain slope.

The PhD is funded by HEC and Hazara University Pakistan

HEC  hazara 

Publications

Click on the links below for a pdf.

iKhan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Phyto-climatic gradient of vegetation and habitat specificity in the high elevation Western Himalayas. Pakistan Journal of Botany, (Under Review).
iiKhan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Ethno-ecological importance of plant biodiversity in mountain ecosystems with special emphasis on indicator species; a case study of the Naran Valley in the Western Himalayas, (Under Review).
iiiKhan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Plant species and communities indicate environmental gradients in the Western Himalayas. Journal of Ecological Informatics, (Under Review).
ivKhan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Anthropogenic influences on the natural ecosystem of the Naran valley in the Western Himalayas. Pakistan Journal of Botany, (accepted).
vKhan, S. M., H. Ahmad and M. Nisar, S. Aslam, H. Shaheen and N. Ali, 2012. Genetic diversity in pea germplasm using Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers. Pakistan Journal of Botany, (accepted).
vi. Hamayun S., S. M. Khan, D. M. Harper, 2012. Species composition and community structure of western Himalayan moist temperate forests in Kashmir. Forest Ecology and Management, 278, 138–145.
viiKhan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2011.  Residual Value Analyses of the medicinal flora of the western Himalaya; The Naran Valley pakistan. Pakistan journal of Botany 43 (SI): 97-104.
viiiKhan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2011. Species and Community Diversity of Vascular Flora along Environmental Gradient in Naran Valley: A Multivariate approach through Indicator Species Analysis. Pakistan journal of Botany 43 (5): 2337-2346.
ix. Hamayun S., S. M. Khan, D. M. Harper, Z. Ullah, and R. A. Qureshi, 2011. Species Diversity, Community Structure, and Distribution Patterns in Western Himalayan Alpine Pastures of Kashmir, Pakistan. Mountain Research and Development, 31 (2): 153-159.
x. Aslam, S., S. M. Khan, M. Saleem, A. S. Qureshi, A. Khan, M. Islam and S. M. Khan, 2010. Heterosis for the improvement of oil quality in sun flower (Hilianthus annuas L.). Pakistan journal of Botany, 42 (2): 1003-1008.
xi. Ahmad, H., S. M. Khan, S. Ghafoor, and N. Ali, 2009. Ethnobotanical Study of Upper Siran. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 15, 86-97.
xiiKhan, S. M., H. Ahmad and M. M. Jan 2007. Ethnomedicinal Plant Resources of Shawar Valley. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10 (10): 1743-1746.
xiii. Sher, H., F. Hussain, S. Mulk, and m. Ibrar 2004. Ethnoveterinary plants of Shawar Valley district Swat, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences, 10 (1): 35-40.

ABSTRACTS PUBLISHED IN CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

i. Khan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Assigning IUCN red list criteria to the Western Himalayan vegetation at regional level. International workshop (September 30 - October 5) 3rd European Congress of Conservation Biology” at Columbus, Ohio, USA (accepted). http://www.eccb2012.org/index.asp
ii. Khan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Assessment of conservation status of vascular flora by linking its abundance and uses in the western Himalayas. 4th International Ecosummit (August 28 - September 1, 2012) “Ecological Sustainibility; Restoring the Planet’s Ecosystem Services” at Glasgow, UK (accepted).  http://www.ecosummit2012.org/
iii. Khan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Health-giving Flora and Ethnoecological Knowledge in the Western Himalayas, the Naran Valley Pakistan. 12th National and 3rd International Conference of Botany (ICB-2012) arranged by Pakistan Botanical Society (September 1 - 3, 2012) at Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad Pakistan (accepted). http://www.pakbs.org/
iv. Khan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Plant Biodiversity in the Western Himalayas under the scenario of Climatic Change. 5th International Conference of SCU & ESES (July 10 - 11, 2012) “Climate Change and Water Resources” at Ismailia, Egypt (accepted). http://www.eses-catrina.com/ 
v. Khan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2012. Evaluation of plants environment relationship and recognition of indicator species using multivariate statistics. Proceedings of the international workshop (July 3‐6, 2011) International Statistical Ecology Conference (ISEC 2012), Sundvolden, Krokkleiva Oslo, Norway (accepted).  http://www.cees.uio.no/isec2012/ 
vi. Khan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2012. Vegetation Dynamics in the Western Himalayas, Diversity Indices and Climate Change. International Conference (May 09‐11, 2012) Climate Change: Opportunities and Challenges National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Sector H-12, Islamabad, Pakistan (accepted) http://www.pcst.org.pk/conf-climate-change.php
vii. Khan, S. M., S. Page, H. Ahmad and D. M. Harper, 2011. Anthropogenic influences on the natural ecosystem of the Naran valley in the Western Himalayas. International symposium (April 16‐18th, 2012) Strategies for Conservation of Endangered Ecosystem, Agriculture University Faisalabad, Pakistan. http://www.pakbs.org/
viii. Khan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2011. Residual Value Analyses of the medicinal flora of the western Himalaya; The Naran Valley pakistan. International workshop (December 8‐10th, 2011) Medicinal Plants: Conservation & Sustainable Use, Quaid­i­Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan. http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/dsc/pakistan/PGA_058840 , http://www.pakbs.org/pjbot/tcontents/tcontent43(SI)11-20.html
ix. Khan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2011. The Ethnobotanic importance of mountain ecosystems: a case study of Naran Valley in the Western Himalayas. 4th ESP international conference (October 04-07, 2011), Ecosystem Services: integrating Science and Practice, University of Wageningen, the Netherlands. http://www.espconference.org/previous_editions/78795/5/0/60
x. Khan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2011. Vegetation abundance and anthropogenic pressure on it, in a remote western Himalayas, the Naran Pakistan. International conference (September 21-23, 2011), People and Nature in Mountains: Changing Land Use and Landscape Dynamic, Museum of Natural history, Trondheim, Norway. http://www.ntnu.no/vitenskapsmuseet/conference-program
xi. Khan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2011. Role of Vegetation in Ecological Restoration in the Himalayas. 4th world conference and 20th meeting of the society August 21-25, 2011, Ecological Restoration, Merida, Mexico. http://www.ser2011.org/en/ser2011/
xii. Khan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2011. Plant species and communities indicate environmental gradients in the Western Himalayas. International conference (September 05-07, 2011), Spatial Ecology & Conservation, University of Birmingham, UK. http://www.ert-conservation.co.uk/SEC1-Homepage.htm
xiii. Khan, S. M., D. M. Harper, S. Page and H. Ahmad, 2011. Life on the Edge: balancing the needs of nature and people in the remote western Himalayas. 7th Festival of Postgraduate Research (June 16th 2011), University of Leicester, UK. http://www2.le.ac.uk/offices/careers/pgrd/fpgr/presenters
xiv. Khan, S. M., D. M. Harper, H. Ahmad and S. Page 2011. Ecosystem services and analytical Tool for their quantification. International Capacity Building Symposium (July 27-29, 2010), Basic Techniques in Research, Dissertation & Paper Writing in Life Sciences, Department of Zoology, Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan. http://www.hec.gov.pk/Events/Documents/For%20webmasters%20symposium%20HU.pdf

BOOKS PUBLISHED

i. Khan, S. M., A. Azeem and H. Shaheen, 2012. Ethnobotanical Propile of Medicinal Trees from the Lesser Himalayas. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. Germany; ISBN 978-3848435234, pp 108.  https://www.lap-publishing.com/catalog/details//store/gb/book/978-3-8484-3523-4/ethnobotanical-propile-of-medicinal-trees-from-the-lesser-himalayas
ii. Alam, N., S. M. Khan, and Z. Ullah, 2011. Present Status of Sub Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests of Pakistan. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. Germany; ISBN 978-3-8465-5209-4, pp 232. https://www.lap-publishing.com/catalog/details/store/gb/book/978-3-8465-5209-4/present-status-of-sub-tropical-dry-deciduous-forests-of-pakistan?search=present%20status
iii. Khan, S. M., A. Zeb and H. Ahmad, 2011. Medicinal Plants and Mountains; Long-Established Knowledge in the Indigenous People of Hindu Kush.VDM Verlag Dr. Müller e.K. Seiten, Germany; ISBN 978-3-639-32698-7, pp 144. http://www.abebooks.com/servlet/BookDetailsPL?bi=5789844151&searchurl=ds%3D30%26isbn%3D9783639326987%26n%3D100121501%26sortby%3D17
iv. Khan, S. M., H. Ahmad and M. Nisar, 2010. Elaboration of Genetic Diversity in Peas; Use of
Molecular DNA Markers.VDM Verlag Dr. Müller e.K, Seiten, Germany; ISBN 978-3-639-30116-8, pp 84. https://www.morebooks.de/store/gb/book/elaboration-of-genetic-diversity-in-peas/isbn/978-3-639-30116-8

ACHIEVEMENTS/AWARDS

a. Nominee for best PhD thesis in the Department of Biology University of Leicester, United Kingdom for the year 2012.
b. News of participations in international conferences was featured in HEC Pakistan’s magazine ‘NEWS & VIEWS’ page 13, December, 2011.
c. PhD research activities were featured in HEC Pakistan’s magazine ‘NEWS & VIEWS’, page 09, August, 2011.
d. Awarded with a PhD Scholarship worth £ 65,000 by Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan and HEC, Pakistan for PhD studies in Leicester United Kingdom.
e. Throughout first division & distinction in academic carrier, 1987-2012.
f. Got first position and distinction as a first MPhil Student of Hazara University Mansehra, Pakistan, 2008.
g. Awarded “Merit Certificate & medal” for securing 1st position in MSc Botany, 2004.
h. Awarded “Best Poet Certificate” in the Federal Hostel Saidu Sharif Swat Pakistan, 2003.
i. Awarded “Quaid-e-Azam award and certificate” for securing 1st Position in B. Sc, 2001.
j. Got first position in SSC exams from GHS Shawar Swat Pakistan, 1996.

ADDITIONAL COMPUTER LITERACY

Statistical Software:  STATISTICA, SPSS, CANOCO, PCORD, SAM, TWINSPAN, JUICE
Others:  Ref Works, End Note, MS Word for Long Document, MS Excel for data  matrices, MS PowerPoint for posters designing

 

Share this page: